Dolichotis salinicola, Burmeister, 1876

Don E. Wilson, Thomas E. Lacher, Jr & Russell A. Mittermeier, 2016, Caviidae, Handbook of the Mammals of the World – Volume 6 Lagomorphs and Rodents I, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 406-438 : 438

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.6585510


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scientific name

Dolichotis salinicola


20. View Plate 25: Caviidae

Chacoan Mara

Dolichotis salinicola View in CoL

French: Mara du Chaco / German: Kleiner Pampashase / Spanish: Mara del Chaco

Other common names: Dwarf Mara, Dwarf Patagonian Cavy, Dwarf Patagonian Hare

Taxonomy. Dolichotis salinicola Burmeister, 1876 View in CoL ,

“Central Argentine Railway... near the stations Totoralejo and Recreo, about lat. 29° S and 65° W,” Catamarca, Argentina .

This species is monotypic.

Distribution. Chaco ecoregion in extreme SE Bolivia, W Paraguay, and NW Argentina (S to Cordoba). View Figure

Descriptive notes. Head-body 420-485 mm, tail 19-20 mm, ear 58-64 mm, hindfoot 91-101 mm; weight 1.8-2.3 kg. The Chacoan Mara is very similar in external morphology to the Patagonian Mara ( D. patagonum ), although smaller. Legs of the Chacoan Mara are long, and toes end on more hoof-like nails than claws. Dorsum is brownish gray to gray, and flanks, neck, and venter are white. Head and ears are large, contributing to a hare-like appearance.

Habitat. Chacoan dry forests and scrublands. Chacoan Maras dig burrows or use abandoned burrows of viscachas ( Chinchillidae ).

Food and Feeding. The Chacoan Mara is herbivorous and eats grasses and green parts of shrubs and forbs.

Breeding. Gestation of the Chacoan Mara is ¢.2 months (up to 77 days reported), and litter sizes are 2-5 young. Females have two pairs of mammae.

Activity patterns. Chacoan Maras are diurnal and highly social. They are particularly active in early morning and late afternoon.

Movements, Home range and Social organization. There is no specific information available for this species, but Chacoan Maras are frequently observed in pairs, suggesting that they are monogamous like Patagonian Maras.

Status and Conservation. Classified as Least Concern on The IUCN Red List. The Chacoan Mara occurs in a number of protected areas, including Kaa-Iya del Gran Chaco National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area in Bolivia and Defensores del Chaco National Park in Paraguay.

Bibliography. Dunnum (2015), Mares, Ojeda & Barquez (1989), Mares, Ojeda & Kosco (1981), Redford & Eisenberg (1992), Woods & Kilpatrick (2005).














Dolichotis salinicola

Don E. Wilson, Thomas E. Lacher, Jr & Russell A. Mittermeier 2016

Dolichotis salinicola

Burmeister 1876
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