Megachile (Zonomegachile) moderata Smith, 1879

Gonzalez, Victor H., Griswold, Terry & Engel, Michael S., 2018, South American Leaf-Cutter Bees (Genus Megachile) Of The Subgenera Rhyssomegachile And Zonomegachile, With Two New Subgenera (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae), Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 2018 (425), pp. 1-73 : 1-73

publication ID

https://doi.org/ 10.1206/00030090-425.1.1

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4631051

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/03FFB47B-626E-FFD0-71CC-2D56FC96F975

treatment provided by

Felipe

scientific name

Megachile (Zonomegachile) moderata Smith
status

 

Megachile (Zonomegachile) moderata Smith

Figures 4F View FIGURE 4 , 6 View FIGURE 6 A–C, 21, 28–30

Megachile moderata Smith, 1879: 74 (holotype ♀, examined, BMNH 17A.2430: “Ega [Tefé], Amazonas, Brazil). Silveira et al., 2002: 215 (placement in Zonomegachile Mitchell ).

Megachile mariannae Dalla Torre, 1896: 438 , nomen vanum (unnecessary replacement name for M. moderata Smith ).

Chrysosarus (Zonomegachile) mariannae (Dalla Torre) ; Mitchell, 1980: 72.

DIAGNOSIS: The female of this species is most similar to M. durantae and M. paisa . It shares with both species a mesoscutellum that is imbricate among setiferous punctures (fig. 28C), and it can be recognized by the S5 with mostly yellowish setae (with black setae in M. durantae and M. paisa ) and the mesoscutellum and terga with finer and denser punctures. The males, tentatively associated with this species (see Comments, below), can be recognized by the combination of a small, anteriorly directed hypostomal tooth, not distinct in frontal view (fig. 29A, D); inferior margin of mandible basally with dark gray or black branched setae; procoxa with apical spine short, about as long as an OD; and probasitarsus not or barely expanded posteriorly, about 2.7× longer than broad, with a sparser fringe on the posterior margin (fig. 29E).

REDESCRIPTION: Holotype, Female: As described for M. durantae except as follows: total body length 14.8 mm; forewing length 10.5 mm; head width 4.4 mm. Intertorular distance 1.4× torulorbital distance; interocellar distance 2.8× OD.

Body color dark reddish brown except: outer surface of mandible light reddish brown (excluding distal margin); tegula yellowish; mesosoma excluding legs black; and discs of T2–T6 dark brown. S3–S5 with mostly yellowish setae, dark grayish-brown setae on sides only; S6 with dark grayish-brown setae. Wings slightly more yellow than those of M. durantae .

Mesoscutum and terga with punctures slightly finer and denser than in M. durantae .

HOLOTYPE: ♀, Ega [Tefé]/ Ega / Type / B.M. Type Hym. 17a.2430/ Megachile moderata (Type) Sm ( BMNH).

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL EXAMINED (n = 28♂♂, 3♀♀): Bolivia: 2♂♂, Bolivia: Beni, Reyes , 10 December 1956 (L. Peña)/ SEMC 1179006–07 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 3♂♂, Bolivia: Dpto. La Paz, Alta Marani , N of Rurrenbaque, 10 Nov 1956 (L. Peña)/ SEMC 1179004 View Materials , -005, 1204249 ( SEMC) ; 1♂, Bolivia, La Paz, Altamarani, N. Rurrenabaque on Rio Beni, 5/ 11 November 1956 / SEMC 1204199 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 1♂, Bolivia, Beni, Rurrenabaque , 175 mts, 23 October 1956 (L. Peña)/ SEMC 1204248 View Materials ; 1♂, ut supra, 17 October 1956 / SEMC 1179002 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 1♂, Region Chapare, Bolivia, 400 m, VIII-1950 [August 1950], Zischka / SEMC 1178871 View Materials ( SEMC). Brazil: 5♂♂, Brasil , Guapore , Pimienta Bueno [Rondônia], November 1960 (M. Alvarenga)/ SEMC 1178983–85 View Materials , 1178987 View Materials , -88 ( SEMC) ; 3♂♂, Guapore, Abunã, Nov. ‘62. [1962], (W. Bokermann)/ SEMC 1204891 View Materials , -99, 1204906 ( SEMC) ; 1♂, ut supra, Vilhena, Nov. ’60 [1960], (M. Alvarenga)/ SEMC 1204792 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 2♂♂, Porto Velho, Guaporé, Brasil , XII-1954 [July 1954], M. Alvarenga /Coleção Campos Seabra / SEMC 1179021 View Materials , 1204737 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 1♂, ut supra, M. Alvarenga, Dente, F. Pereira e Werner / Coleção Campos Seabra / SEMC 1204736 View Materials ( SEMC). Colombia: 1♂, Colombia : Amazonas , Parque Nacional Natural Amacayacu / 2 km above mouth of Rio Amazonas , 4 October 1988, Fernando Fernández / SEMC 1204260 View Materials ( SEMC). Ecuador: 1♀, Napo Prov. Yasuni National Park , Est. La Catolica ; Nov. 7–15 1998, D. Roubik No. 63 ( BBSL) ; 1♂, Ecuador, Oriente, 00°24′S, 76°36′W, Limoncocha , 31 August 1970, M.G. Naumann, #203/ SEMC 1206099 View Materials ( SEMC). French Guiana: 1♀, French Guiana, Kourou, Km 6.5 SW, 29 Oct 76 [1976], D. Roubik No. 57/ SEMC 1204549 View Materials ( SEMC) GoogleMaps ; 3♂♂, ut supra, 2 March 1977, C.D. Michener / SEMC 1204529 View Materials , -30, 178930 ( SEMC) ; 1♀, ut supra, 13 July 1977 / SEMC 1204539 View Materials ( SEMC) ; 1♂, ut supra, David Roubik #26/ SEMC 1204563 View Materials ( SEMC). Peru: 1♂, Peru: Madre de Dios, Limonal Guard Station , Reserved Zone , Manu National Park , 350 m, 12°14′0″S, 70°56′18″W, 23 Oct 2000 GoogleMaps ; R. Brooks, PERU 1B00 077, ex: on wet sand near river/ SM0258293 ( SEMC) .

DISTRIBUTION: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia (Amazonas), Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru (fig. 21).

COMMENTS: The male specimens listed in the section above are tentatively associated with this species. Thus, a description is not presented at this time until this sex association can be confirmed in the field.

SEMC

University of Kansas - Biodiversity Institute

BBSL

USDA, Agriculture Research Service, Pollinating Insects-- Biology, Management and Systematics Research

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Megachilidae

Genus

Megachile

Loc

Megachile (Zonomegachile) moderata Smith

Gonzalez, Victor H., Griswold, Terry & Engel, Michael S. 2018
2018
Loc

Chrysosarus (Zonomegachile) mariannae (Dalla Torre)

Mitchell, T. B. 1980: 72
1980
Loc

Megachile mariannae

Dalla Torre, C. G. 1896: 438
1896
Loc

Megachile moderata Smith, 1879: 74

Silveira, F. A. & G. A. R. Melo & E. A. B. Almeida 2002: 215
Smith, F. 1879: 74
1879