Parazoanthidae Delage & Herouard , 1901

Low, Martyn E. Y., Sinniger, Frederic & Reimer, James Davis, 2016, The order Zoantharia Rafinesque, 1815 (Cnidaria, Anthozoa: Hexacorallia): supraspecific classification and nomenclature, ZooKeys 641, pp. 1-80: 12-13

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.641.10346

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:903D6413-C802-4864-A662-D71C50740E2D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/06C87407-98E2-59D2-D31F-52FE505CE26E

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scientific name

Parazoanthidae Delage & Herouard , 1901
status

 

Parazoanthidae Delage & Herouard, 1901 

Savaliidae  (as “Savalini”) Nardo, 1844: 433.

Bergiidae  Verrill, 1865a: 147 [nomen oblitum].

Gerardiidae  Verrill, 1865a: 148.

Savagliidae  Brook, 1889: 51, 74, 79.

Parazoanthidae  Delage & Hérouard, 1901: 665 [nomen protectum].

Savaliidae  Poche, 1914: 104.

Heterozoanthidae  Pax & Müller, 1956: 3.

Type genus.

Parazoanthus  Haddon & Shackleton, 1891.

Diagnosis.

As discussed in Sinniger and Häussermann (2009: 28), this family “[…] traditionally groups macrocnemic zoanthids possessing an endodermal sphincter. Mem ber species are frequently associated with other organisms, which are used as substrata". Excludes species that form monophyly with Brachycnemina  ( Sinniger et al. 2010a).

Remarks.

Precedence of Bergiidae  Verrill, 1865, and Bergia  Duchassaing de Fonbressin & Michelotti, 1860, and respectively Parazoanthidae  Delage & Hérouard, 1901, and Parazoathus  Haddon & Shackleton, 1891a, was reversed in Low and Reimer (2011a). In accordance with Article 23.9.2 ( ICZN 1999: 28, 29), an application is being prepared to request that the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature suppress the senior subjective synonyms Savaliidae  Nardo, 1844, Gerardiidae  Verrill, 1865, and Savagliidae  Brook, 1889, in favour of Parazoanthidae  Delage & Hérouard, 1901, to maintain current and widespread usage. See additional discussion in Appendix 3.

In addition to the type genus, Parazoanthus  Haddon & Shackelton, 1891, twelve other valid genera are currently assigned to the family Parazoanthidae  : Antipathozoanthus  Sinniger, Reimer & Pawlowski, 2010, Bergia  Duchassaing de Fonbressin & Michelotti, 1860, Bullagummizoanthus  Sinniger, Ocaña & Baco, 2013, Corallizoanthus  Reimer, in Reimer, Nonaka, Sinniger & Iwase, 2008, Hurlizoanthus  Sinniger, Ocaña & Baco, 2013, Isozoanthus  Carlgren, in Chun, 1903, Kauluzoanthus  Sinniger, Ocaña & Baco, 2013, Kulamanamana  Sinniger, Ocaña & Baco, 2013, Mesozoanthus  Sinniger & Häussermann, 2009, Savalia  Nardo, 1844, Umimayanthus  Montenegro, Sinniger & Reimer, 2015, and Zibrowius  Sinniger, Ocaña & Baco, 2013.