Vermeulen, Jaap J., Liew, Thor-Seng & Schilthuizen, Menno, 2015, Additions to the knowledge of the land snails of Sabah (Malaysia, Borneo), including 48 new species, ZooKeys 531, pp. 1-139: 46

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Taxon classification Animalia Stylommatophora Camaenidae

Family CAMAENIDAE Pilsbry 

Short description.

Snails. Shell often colourful, medium-sized to very large, dextral, sinistral or chirally dimorphic, (narrowly-)conical, ellipsoid, ovoid, lenticular discoidal or globose. Sculpture absent, or inconspicuous; often with minute, geometrically arranged scars, each with a periostracal hair on top. Aperture usually without teeth or lamellae, peristome usually thickened and/or reflected. Umbilicus closed or open, narrow (Family description adapted from Abbott 1989; Solem 1992).

Habitat and distribution.

Tree and rock dwellers. Widespread and species-rich throughout Southeast Asia, Australia, and Oceania.


Although the family is well-studied, and some groups have been confidently excluded because of polyphyly, such as the American taxa (Scott 1996; Wade et al. 2007), Solem (1992) refrains from a family diagnosis, as its relation with Bradybaenidae  and other members of the helicoid clade remains unclear.