Orius (Orius) niger Wolff, 1811

Jerinic-Prodanovic, Dusanka & Protic, Ljiljana, 2013, True bugs (Hemiptera, Heteroptera) as psyllid predators (Hemiptera, Psylloidea), ZooKeys 319, pp. 169-189: 175-176

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.319.4316

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/09334C37-0DCD-553A-BA7F-B74D1BB0BDFD

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Orius (Orius) niger Wolff, 1811
status

 

7) Orius (Orius) niger Wolff, 1811  

Trophic status.

Zoophagous.

Distribution.

Palaearctic.

Preys.

Cacopsylla bidens   , from Pyrus communis   , Ilinci, 13.X.2008, collected 1♂. Cacopsylla melanoneura   , from Malus domestica   , Lipovača, 29.IV.2006, collected 1♂. Cacopsylla pyri   , from Pyrus communis   , Radmilovac, 26.VI.2006, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 30.VI.2006; 10.VII.2006, reared 1♀ 'ex larva' 20.VII.2006. Craspedolepta   sp., from Artemisia vulgaris   , Sutjeska, 2.X.2009, reared 1♂ and 4♀♀. Psyllopsis fraxinicola   , from Fraxinus ornus   , Vrujci, 30.VI.2009, collected 1 specimen. Livia junci   (Schrank, 1789), from Juncus bulbosus   , Beograd–Block 45, 10.VIII.2005, reared 1♂ 'ex larva' 16.VIII.2005. Trichochermes walkeri   (Foerster, 1848), from Rhamnus cathartica   , Ilinci, 14.IX.2008, 2♂♂, 2♀♀. Trioza chenopodii   Reuter, 1876, from Atriplex tatarica   , Ilinci, 20.VIII.2006, 1♂ 'ex larva' 23.VIII.2006. Trioza urticae   , from Urtica dioica   , Bački breg, 7.VI.2005, reared 1♂; Ilinci, 14.V.2005, reared 1♂, 1♀ 'ex larva' 27.V.2005; Luka, 25.V.2007, reared 1♂.

Orius niger   is widespread in Western Palaearctic, very rare in the Mediterranean region, also reported from China. It is a very polyphagous species, preying on aphids, psyllids, whiteflies, thrips, larvae of noctuids, mites ( Péricart 1972, Herard 1986, Protić 1993).

In south France, Herard (1986) determined Orius niger   on pears as a predator of Cacopsylla pyri   , but also collected it in a large number from Trioza urticae   from nettle, which was surrounding the pear orchards. In Croatia, Orius niger   was determined along with Orius minutus   on Panonychus ulmi   in an apple orchard ( Arčanin and Balarin 1972).

In Serbia, Grbić et al. (1989), investigating pear psyllid predators, reported Orius   spp., so we are not able to compare our results with theirs. In the same paper, authors mentioned the presence of other Orius   species frequently during summer and autumn which is in accordance with our investigations.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hemiptera

Family

Anthocoridae

Genus

Orius