Cardiacephala aspera

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 416-417

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Cardiacephala aspera

new species

Cardiacephala aspera  new species

( Figs. 16–19 View Figure )

Description: Body length 8 mm, wing 5 mm. Palpus mostly black, white on outer face. Clypeus black with pale microsetulae. First flagellomere dark brown. Frontal vitta dark brown anteriorly. Fronto-orbital plates black and shiny. Postpronotal lobe black and shiny. Row of katepisternal setae brownish. Legs black. Hind femur narrowly white basally. Fore tarsus dark brown with gold/whitish pubescence ventrally at base of tarsomere one. Oviscape black and shiny, apex yellowish. Epandrium dark brown.

Head: Palpus broadened basally and gradually tapering to apex. Clypeus short, length less than half of width. First flagellomere covered by pale microsetulae. Two frontal setae. Paracephalon swollen and conical, extending beyond the vertex. Inner vertical setae inserted in strong tubercles. Vertex flattened. Supracervical line of setae black.

Thorax: Mesonotum with white pruinosity. Notopleural setae strong. Posterior notopleural seta insertion slightly protuberant. Scutellum upturned, triangular. Femora with sparse brownish setulae. Mid and hind tibia flattened, sulcus on outer face very pronounced and curved ( Fig. 18 View Figure ). Wing with stigmatal and discal bands, apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation. Crossvein r-m clear. R4+5 and M1+2 ending separately in wing margin. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2. Female cervical sclerite slightly swollen at posterior end.

Abdomen: Tergites with brownish setulae. Female abdomen: Oviscape with sparse pale microsetulae. Single spermathecal duct apically broad, ending in a cylindrical spermatheca (slightly damaged apically in Fig. 17 View Figure ). Paired spermathecal duct striate, delimited by a narrow basal half and a broader distal half with a ring-like swelling. Paired spermathecal duct stems thin and smooth, interrupted by a small rounded swelling and a small appendix. Paired spermathecae disc-shaped, flattened. Male abdomen: Ejaculatory apodeme bigger than epandrium and with a broad blade, wider than sperm pump. Phallapodeme extending to anterior limit of hypandrium. Distiphallus longer than epandrium but relatively short and thick, about three times as long as the phallic bulb ( Fig. 19 View Figure ). Distiphallus ending in a phallic bulb, phallic bulb subequal in length and width.

Type material: Holotype: ECUADOR. Orellano, Yasuni Natl. Pk. Yasuni Research Stn., 0º40’50” S 76º24’2”W, 250 m, 28.IV–8.V.2009, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, QCAZAbout QCAZ, sequence MYCRO 256–16). Paratypes: ECUADOR. Napo, Tiputini, Biodiversity Station, 216 m, 00º37’55” S 076º08’39” W, 7.II.1999, T. L. Erwin et al. (1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM 00054352); Prov. Orellano, Yasuni Natl. Pk. Yasuni Research Stn., 0º40’50” S 76º24’2”W, 250 m, 28.IV–8.V.2009, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 01015594).

Other material examined: BOLIVIA. La Paz, San Antonio, ca. 8km S Mapiri, 15º20’56 S 68º13’31 W, 11.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150384); ECUADOR. Limoncocha, 250 m 0º24’ S 76º40’ W, 9– 16.III.1976, G. E. Shewell (1 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503370); Pompeya, Napo R. Pastaza, 250 m, 14–22.IV.1965, L. Pena (1 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503368); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, roadside sweeping, 29.IV–8.V.2002, J. Lapierre (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’ S 77º37’ W, 450 m, 30.IV–8.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00178803); Napo, Yasuní National Park, Yasuní Research station, 76º36’ W 00º38’ S, 3–20.XI.1998, T. Pape & B. Viklund (1 ♀, 2 ♂, ZMUCAbout ZMUC); GUIANA. Kabocalli, Iwokrama Forest Res., 60m, FIT, 3–5.VI.2001, Brooks & Fallin (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00256896); PERUAbout PERU. Loreto, Teniente Lopez, 1.5 km N, 230–305 m, FIT, 23.VII.1993, R. Leschen (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138311, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138312).

Distribution: Bolivia, Ecuador, Guiana, Peru.

Etymology: The name C. aspera  refers to the sharp paracephalon of this species.

Comments: This Ecuadorian species is closely related to C. lobulosa  , C. nigra  and C. velutinosa  , from which it differs by the swollen paracephalon and the disc-shaped, paired spermathecae.


Museo de Zoologia, Pontificia Universidad Catolica del Ecuador


Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History


Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph


Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes


Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen


Universit� di Perugia