Cardiacephala arthritica ( Wiedemann, 1830 )

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 413-416

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:004C0DCB-9B63-4A44-A1BB-2D98ADFB1CEE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A6A87F2-FFCF-802B-FF10-FD42FBD6FBB6

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cardiacephala arthritica ( Wiedemann, 1830 )
status

new combination

Cardiacephala arthritica ( Wiedemann, 1830)  new combination

( Figs. 12–15 View Figure )

Calobata arthritica Wiedemann, 1830: 546  .

Plocoscelus arthriticus (Wiedemann)  , Enderlein 1922: 227.

Cardiacephala myrmex Schiner 1868  , Hennig 1935: 45.

Plocoscelus fuscimanus Czerny 1931: 25  , Hennig 1935: 45.

Plocoscelus plurimaculatus Czerny, 1932: 286  . New synonym

Description: Body length 9 mm, wing 5 mm. Abdominal colour all or mostly yellow, last three tergites sometimes all or mostly dark. Palpus mostly brown, white on outer face. Clypeus brown. First flagellomere brown. Frontoorbital plates brown, opaque. Row of katepisternal setae whitish, some of them shiny gold. Femora yellow and shiny. Fore tibia dark brown. Fore tarsus dark brown with gold/whitish pubescence ventrally at base of tarsomere one. Oviscape brown and shiny. Epandrium yellow.

Head: Palpus broadened basally and gradually tapering to apex. Clypeus short, length less than half of width in anterior view. First flagellomere covered by golden microsetulae. Two frontal setae. Vertex rounded and shiny. Paracephalon smooth, without swelling (not extending beyond the vertex). Inner vertical seta insertion flat, without tubercle. Black supracervical setae sparse, weak.

Thorax: Mesonotum golden pruinose with some sparse golden setulae. Scutellum upturned, triangular. Femora with sparse black microsetulae. Mid and hind tibia flattened, but sulcus on outer face weak. Wing with stigmatal and discal bands, apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation. Crossvein r-m with small dark spot. R4+5 and M1+2 meeting at the wing margin. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2. Female cervical sclerite smooth, without swelling.

Abdomen: Tergites with sparse brownish setulae. Female abdomen: Single spermathecal duct apically broad, ending in a cylindrical spermatheca. Paired spermathecal duct smooth and delimited by a narrow basal half and a broader distal half. Paired spermathecal duct stems thin and smooth in basal third, followed by a rounded swelling and a small appendix before the spermathecae ( Fig. 13 View Figure ). Paired spermathecae sac-like (distally swollen and tapered basally) and deeply invaginated. Male abdomen: Ejaculatory apodeme about same length as epandrium and with a broad blade (wider than sperm pump), sperm pump helmet-shaped ( Fig. 15 View Figure ). Phallapodeme extending to anterior limit of hypandrium. Distiphallus long, longer than epandrium, ending in phallic bulb, phallic bulb subequal in length and width.

Type material: Holotype of Calobata arthritica Wiedemann  (1 ♀, ZMHB): Locality, collector and date not cited; Cardiacephala myrmex Schiner  (sex unknown, NMWAbout NMW): “South America”; Plocoscelus fuscimanus Czerny  (1 ♀, 1 ♂, ZMHB, not examined); COSTA RICA, von Surrubres coll.; Plocoscelus plurimaculatus Czerny  (1 ♀, ZMUHAbout ZMUH, destroyed, not examined): ECUADOR, Guayaquil. R. Paessler coll, 19.VI.

Material examined: BELIZE. Cayo, San Ignacio, Maya Mt. Lodge, 17º9’0” N 89º4’0” W, 18.I.1991, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151681, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151696); San Ignacio, Maya Mtn. Lodge, malaise, 17.I.1991, S. A.

Marshall (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); COLOMBIA. Chocó, PNN Utriá, Centro de Visitantes, 6º01’09” N 77º20’55” W, 2 m, 16.VIII–7.IX.2000, M. 820, J. Pérez (1 ♂, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk., Admin. Cañaveral, 30 m, malaise trap, 26.IV–12.V.2000, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138440, IAVHAbout IAVH); Magdalena, Tayrona Natl. Pk., Pueblito, 225 m, malaise trap, 26.IV–13.V.2000, R. Henriquez (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138445, IAVHAbout IAVH); COSTA RICA. Alajuela, San Ramón, Bio. Stn. 700 m, creek bed, YPT, C-10, 24–26.III.1996, L. Masner (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00338273); Alajuela, San Ramón, Bio. Res. 900 m, IV–V.2000, P. Hanson (3 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00206308, DEBUAbout DEBU 00206303, DEBUAbout DEBU 00206312); Alajuela, San Gerardo, Bio. Stn. 15.VIII.2010, M. D. Jackson (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00332191, DEBUAbout DEBU 00332193); Alajuela, San Gerardo, 1200 m, sweep in banana grove, 15.XII.1994, D. C. Caloren (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Alajuela, San Ramón, Biol. Res. 900 m, IV–V.2000, P. Hanson. (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00206304); Alajuela, Volcan Tenorio, N slope nr. Bijagua Biol. Sta., 700 m, rain forest, pans, 19–20.VI.2000, M. Buck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00132496,); Alajuela, Volcan Tenorio, Bijagua Biol. Sta., 700 m, 20.VI.2000, M. Buck (4 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118410, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118411, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118412, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118413, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118414, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118415, DEBUAbout DEBU 00118416); Braulio Carillo NP, Quebrada Gonzalez, 15.VIII.2013, S. A. Marshall (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Estrella Valley, Pandora, 16. III.1 984, FIT, GV Manley & HF Howden (8 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Cartago, Tapanti Natl. Pk. Ranger Sta., 1200 m, pans, 7–11.X.1999, M. Buck (4 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00105426, DEBUAbout DEBU 00105428, DEBUAbout DEBU 00105431, DEBUAbout DEBU 00105433, DEBUAbout DEBU 00105438, DEBUAbout DEBU 00132496); Estrella Valley, Pandora, 28.III.1984, Malaise trap, GV Manley (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.VII.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap. M/07/141 (3 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 2.III.1993, ALAS (8 ♀, 1 ♂, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.VI.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/12/118 (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.II.1994, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/11/357 (1 ♀, 1 ♂, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.XI.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/248 (2 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.VI.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/108 (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.IX.1993, ALAS (1 ♂, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 3.VIII.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/164 (2 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 16.IV.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/12/075 (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.IV.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/64 (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 1.III.1994, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/360 (3 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.I.1994, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/01/320 (1 ♀, 1 ♂, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 2.IV.1993, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/11/58 (1 ♀, MNCRAbout MNCR); Heredia, Estac. Biol. La Selva, 15.III.1994, ALAS, Mal. trap, M/11/381 (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Heredia, La Selva, Estac. Biol. Nr Puerto Viejo, mainly trail, 9–10.II.2003, M. Pollet (3 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241586, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241587, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241588, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241589, IRSNBAbout IRSNB); Heredia, La Selva, Estac. Biol. Nr Puerto Viejo, mainly trail, 9–10.II.2003, M. Pollet (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241590, IRSNBAbout IRSNB, sequence MYCRO 287–17); Heredia, Rara Avis Nat. Res. 12 km S Las Horquetas, 10º17’00” N 84º02’50” W, 700 m, 22–27.II.2005, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241677); Limon, Siqueres, Pacuarito, Los Birsas, trail betw. Est. El Palenque and Rio Dantas, “aquarium 2 forest”, 500– 275 m, 26.VIII.1996, Bert Viklund (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Limon, Est. Hitoy Cerere, 100 m R, Cerere, Res. Biol. Hitoy Cerere, X.1991, G. Garballo (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Osa Peninsula, Fundacion Neotropical Centro Juvenil tropical near Rincon, - 50 m. 8.7’N 83.52º W, pan trap, 10–11.VIII.2001, J. M. Cumming (1 ♀, 2 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 135522, CNCAbout CNC 135523, CNCAbout CNC 135524); Pérez Zeledon, Rivas, 820 m, 27.XII.1998 – 5.I.1999, B.D. Gill (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151096); Puntarenas, Cabuya, Rio Cabo Blanco, 50 m, 22.III.1997, F. Alvarado (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Puntarenas, Hacienda Barú de Dominical Reserve, 2 km N, 22–25.II.2008, S. A. Marshall (2 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00294609, DEBUAbout DEBU 00294669, DEBUAbout DEBU 00294671); Puntarenas, Monteverde, San Luis, 1000–1350 m, Malaise trap, I.1993, Z. Fuentes (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138158); Puntarenas, Monteverde, San Luis, 1100 m, on dung, III.2002, P. D. Careless (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00200254); Puntarenas, Osa Pen, Rincon, 2.5 km S, - 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N 83º30’50 W, sweep, 10–11.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (3 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187562, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187567, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168076); Puntarenas, Osa Pen. Rincon. 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N, 83º30’50, 10– 11.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168059, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168068); Puntarenas, Osa Pen, Rincon, 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N 83º30’50 W, trail nr. station, human dung, 10–11.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (3 ♀, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168238, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168239, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168244, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168247, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168253); Puntarenas, Osa Pen. Rincon, 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 4 N, 83º30.8’ W., K. N. Barber trailside forest sweeps, 10–11.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (3 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Puntarenas, Osa Pen. Rincon, 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N 83º30’ 50 W. Rain forest, 10– 11.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168271); Puntarenas, Osa Pen, Rincon, 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N 83º30’50 W, sweep, 10.VIII.2001, M. Buck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00188274); Puntarenas, Osa Pen, 2.5 km S Rincon, 8º 42’ 4 N 83º30.8’ W., K. N. Barber trailside forest sweeps, 10.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Puntarenas, Osa Pen, Rincon, 2.5 km S, 50 m, 8º 42’ 1 N 83º30’50 W, slash pile, yellow pans, 10–11.VIII.2001, M. Buck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187558); Puntarenas, Rancho Quemado, 200 m, Peninsula de Osa, VII.1992, L-S 292500 511000, F. Quesada (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Puntarenas, San Miguel Send. Maven, 100 m, 20.III.1997, F. Alvarado (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Puntarenas, San Pedrillo, 8º37.2’N 83º44.1’W, 12–15.VIII.2001, D. Wayne & N. Mathis (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM 00190517); San Jose, Pérez, Zeledón, Rivas, 820 m, 27.XII.1998 – 5.I.1999, B. D. Gill (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151033, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151034); San José, San Antonio de Escazu, 1300 m, Creek bed, yellow pans, 4–5.III.1996, L. Masner (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00312394); San Jose, San Carlos, Riosparaiso Res. Pecari Stn., 16 km NNE Quepos 400 m, 9º33’53” N 84º7’32” W, 15.II.2003, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00205698, DEBUAbout DEBU 00205732); Santa Elena, San Luis Lodge, 15.XII.2002 – 3.I.2003, P. D. Careless (1 ♀, 1♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187584, DEBUAbout DEBU 00206258); Puntarenas, Santa Elena, San Luis Lodge, I.2001, P. D. Careless (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187589); Puntarenas, Santa Elena, San Luis Lodge, II.2002, P. D. Careless (2 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187585, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187585, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187586, DEBUAbout DEBU 00187588); Puntarenas, Corcovado Natl. Pk., San Pedrillo, 5–50 m, 8º37’15” N, 83º44’6” E, 13.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (3 ♀, 3 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168164, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168166, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168169, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168175, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168176, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168177); Puntarenas, Corcovado Natl. Pk., San Pedrillo, 5–50 m, 8º37’15” N 83º44’6” E, 12– 14.VIII.2001, S. A. Marshall (7 ♀, 3 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00 168104, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168142, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168143, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168144, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168145, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168146, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168148, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168149, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168152, DEBUAbout DEBU 00168157); ECUADOR. Esmeraldas, Mayronga, 100 m, 14.XI.1993, G. Onore & E. Tapia (1 ♀, 1 ♂, CMNHAbout CMNH); Pichincha, 250 m, 47 km S Sto. Domingo, Rio Palenque Station, 17–25.II.1979, S. Peck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Pichincha, 250 m, 47 km S Sto. Domingo, Rio Palenque Station, 17–25.II.1979, S. A. Marshall (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Esmeraldas, Mayronga, 100 m, 14.XI.1993, G. Onore, E. Tapia (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); Pichincha, 250 m, 47 km S Sto. Domingo, Rio Palenque Station, 17– 25.II.1979, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Pichincha, Rio Palenque Stn., 47 km S Santo Domingo, carrion trap, 29–30.V.1975, S. Peck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00242005); Pichincha, Rio Palenque Stn., 47 km S Santo Domingo, carrion trap, 25–26.V.1975, S. Peck (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00242008); Pichincha, Rio Palenque, malaise, II.1983, M. J. Sharkey (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); HONDURAS. Middlesex, 125 m, 8.IV.1965, E. C. Welling (1 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 503337); MEXICO. Chiapas, Yaxoquintelaa, 550 m, 16-58 N 91-47 W, 5–8.X.1978, John E. Rawlins (3 ♀, 2 ♂, CMNHAbout CMNH); Chiapas, Yaxoquintelaa, 560 m, 16-58 N 91-47 W, 11–20.VIII.1978, John E. Rawlins (5 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Chiapas, Yaxoquintelaa, 560 m, 16-58 N 91-47 W, 21–30.VIII.1978, John E. Rawlins (4 ♀, 6 ♂, CMNHAbout CMNH); Chiapas, Yaxoquintelaa, 560 m, 16-58 N 91-47 W, 21–31.VIII.1978, John E. Rawlins (1 ♀, CMNHAbout CMNH); Chiapas, 600 ft, Palenque, 22–23.VI.1969. W. R. M. Mason (1 ♀, CNCAbout CNC 503336); PANAMA. Canal Zone, Barro Colorado, Island, VII.1956, Carl W. & Marian E. Rettenmeyer (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Chiriqui, Chorcha, waterfall at base of falls, 12.X.1982, G. Otis (2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241880, DEBUAbout DEBU 00241881); VENEZUELA. Punta (Merida), Rio Chama, sweep, 25.IV.1988, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU); San Esteban, XI.1939, P. Anduze (1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); Tovar Merida, 7.VIII.1943, P. Anduze (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM).

Distribution: Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela.

Comments: P. plurimaculatus Czerny 1932  apparently differs from C. arthritica  only in having a darker thorax. We examined dark specimens that fit the description of P. plurimaculatus  but found no significant differences from C. arthritica  in external and internal morphology. Reference to Czerny’s type specimens is impossible since the Hamburg Museum burned down when it was bombed in 1943, destroying all Micropezidae  types. Nonetheless, we here treat P. plurimaculatus  as a synonym of C. arthritica  .

NMW

Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien

ZMUH

Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universitat Hamburg

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

MNCR

Museo Nacional de Costa Rica

IRSNB

Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

CMNH

The Cleveland Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Micropezidae

Genus

Cardiacephala

Loc

Cardiacephala arthritica ( Wiedemann, 1830 )

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A. 2018

2018
Loc

Cardiacephala myrmex

Hennig, W. 1935: 45

1935
Loc

Plocoscelus fuscimanus

Hennig, W. 1935: 45Czerny, L. 1931: 25

1935
Loc

Plocoscelus arthriticus

Enderlein, G. 1922: 227

1922
Loc

Calobata arthritica

Wiedemann, C. R. W. 1830: 546

Loc

Plocoscelus plurimaculatus

Czerny, L. 1932: 286