Cardiacephala brevipennis ( Walker, 1852 )

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A., 2018, A revision of the Neotropical ant-like genus Cardiacephala Macquart, including Plocoscelus Enderlein syn. nov. (Diptera: Micropezidae, Taeniapterinae), Zootaxa 4429 (3), pp. 401-458: 418-420

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4429.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:004C0DCB-9B63-4A44-A1BB-2D98ADFB1CEE

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A6A87F2-FFD2-8037-FF10-FF0FFB8EFD74

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cardiacephala brevipennis ( Walker, 1852 )
status

new combination

Cardiacephala brevipennis ( Walker, 1852)  new combination

( Figs. 20–23 View Figure )

Calobata brevipennis Walker, 1852: 389  .

Plocoscelus brevipennis (Walker)  , Enderlein 1922: 227.

Description: Body length 8 mm, wing 5 mm. Palpus dark brown. Clypeus dark brown, shiny and with pale microsetulae. First flagellomere black. Fronto-orbital plates and frontal vitta dark brown. Epicephalon black. Row of katepisternal setae brownish, some of them shiny gold. Fore leg dark brown. Mid and hind femora white at basal third and yellowish at the apical third. Fore tarsus dark brown with gold/whitish pubescence ventrally at base of tarsomere one. Oviscape black, apex yellowish. Epandrium dark yellow.

Head: Palpus broadened basally and gradually tapering to apex. Clypeus short, length less than half of width. Frontal vitta with a narrowed depression centrally, reaching ocellar triangle. Two frontal setae. Vertex flattened. Paracephalon smooth, without swelling (not extending beyond the vertex). Inner vertical seta insertion flat, without tubercle. Line of black supracervical setae absent.

Thorax: Mesonotum with golden pruinosity. Scutellum upturned, triangular. Femora with sparse black setulae. Mid and hind tibia flattened, but sulcus on outer face weak. Wing with stigmatal and discal bands, apex clear with a dark and narrow preapical pigmentation. Crossvein r-m with small dark spot. R4+5 and M1+2 meeting at the wing margin. A1+CuA2 as long as CuA2. Female cervical sclerite smooth, without swelling.

Abdomen: T1–T4 with sparse brownish setulae. T5 and T6 with pale setulae. Female abdomen: Oviscape with pale and dispersed microsetulae. Single spermathecal duct (slightly damaged in Fig. 21 View Figure ) apically broad, ending in a cylindrical but slightly irregular peanut-like spermatheca. Paired spermathecal duct smooth, slightly tapered on basal half. Paired spermathecal duct stems convoluted, with only small lobes. Paired spermathecae cylindrical, striate and goblet-like, deeply invaginated from apex to base. Male abdomen: Ejaculatory apodeme bigger than epandrium and with a broad blade, wider than sperm pump. Phallapodeme short, not extending to anterior limit of hypandrium. Distiphallus long, longer than epandrium, ending in a cylindrical phallic bulb about three times as long as wide ( Fig. 23 View Figure ).

Type material: Holotype (1 ♂, BMNH, only images examined): BRAZIL. No information about collector and date.

Material examined: BOLIVIA. La Paz, 5 km W of Mapiri, Arroyo Tuhiri, 750 m, 15º17.8’S 68º15.6’W, 17.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (7 ♀, 7 ♂, CSCAAbout CSCA); La Paz, 5 km W Mapiri, Arroyo, Tuhiri, 750 m, 15º17.8’S 68º15.6’W, 17.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 01086314, CSCAAbout CSCA, sequence MYCRO 233–16); La Paz, 1 km E of Guanay, 580 m, 15º30.2’S 69º52.3’W, 14.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (4 ♀, 12 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, 1 km E of Guanay, 510 m, 15º30.3’S 67º50.8’W, 13.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (3 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, 2 km S Chulumani, 1750 m, 16º23.5’S 67º31.8’W, 9.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (5 ♀, 3 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, 8 km S Chulumani nr. Apa Apa, 1700–1800 m, 16º22’S 67º30.4’W, 9.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Arroyo, Tuhiri W Mapiri, 15º17’27S 68º15’29W, 10.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (10 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150690, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150635, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196448, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196439, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196446, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150683, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150694, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150705, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150630, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150653; 6 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150634, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150685, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150684, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150682, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150692, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150703); La Paz, Caranavi, 670 m, 15º50.2’S 67º33.4’W, 12.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Chulumani Rd. Nr. La Florida, 4.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150373); La Paz, Chulumani, 1750 m. 2 km S, 16º32.5’S 67º31.8’W, 9–10.III.2001, A. Freidberg (2 ♀, 3 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, ENE of Teoponte, San Juanito, 15º29’69”S 67º47.803’W, 8.IV.2001, A. L. Norrbom (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 01086315, USNMAbout USNM, sequence MYCRO 234–16); La Paz, Guanay, 38km S, roadside stream, Pan traps, 7–12.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00190524); La Paz, Heath River Wildlife Centre, ~ 21km SSW Puerto Heath, 12º40’S 68º42’W, 29.IV– 12.V.2007, J. H. Kitz (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282411); La Paz, Heath River Wildlife Centre, ~ 21km SSW Puerto Heath, 12º40’S 68º42’W, 29.IV–12.V.2007, S. A. Marshall (9 ♀, 4 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282064, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282115, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282132, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282164, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282168, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282169, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282171, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282176, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282177, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282178, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282185, DEBUAbout DEBU 00282187); La Paz, Heath River Wildlife Centre, ~ 21km SSW Puerto Heath, 12º40’S 68º42’W, 29.IV–12.V.2007, S. M. Paiero (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00281785); La Paz, Mapiri, 720 m, 15º18.6’S 68º13’W, 15.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (1 ♀, 1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Mapiri, 720 m, 15º 18.6’S 68º13’W, 15.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (2 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Mapiri 5 km W, 750 m, 15º 17.8’S 68º 15.6’W, 16.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Nor. Yungas, btw. Alcoche & Teoponte, 38 km SW of Guanay, 15º33’33.9”S 67º44’4.5”W, 12.IV.2001, A. L. Norrbom (3 ♀, 2 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Santa Cruz, Refugio Los Volcanes, 4km N Bermejo, 18º6’15”S 63º35’65”W, 1058m, Malaise along river, 3–7.X.2014, Norrbom et al. (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00388307, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, San Antonio, ca. 8km S Mapiri, 15º20’56S 68º13’31W, Secondary Forest, dung pans, 11.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00172882); La Paz, San Juanito nr. Teoponte, 500 m, 15º29’42S 67º47’48W, 8.IV.2001, S. A. Marshall (7 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149634, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149671, DEBUAbout DEBU 00150735, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149669, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149604, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149671, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149655; 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149603, DEBUAbout DEBU 00149631); La Paz, Tajlihui, 590 m, 15º40.8’S 67º41.7’W, 12.III.2001, S. D. Gaimari (3 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); La Paz, Tajlihui, 590 m, 15º40.8’S 67º41.7’W, 12.III.2001, Amnon Freidberg (3 ♀, 2 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); BRAZIL. Amazonas, Mirin, 19– 22.XI.1993, J. E. Brasil (3 ♀, 1 ♂, INPAAbout INPA); Amazonas, Rio Jau, Meriti, Mun. Novo Airão, 4–10.VI.1994, J. A. Rafael (2 ♀, INPAAbout INPA); Amazonas, S. Izabel. R. Negro, Maturaca, Malaise trap, 11–18.X.1990, J.A. Rafael (3 ♂, INPAAbout INPA); Rondonia, Ouro Preto do Oeste, Igarapé Mandi, 6–12.VII.1995, malaise trap, J. A. Rafael & J. Vidal (1 ♀, INPAAbout INPA); COLOMBIA. Amazonas, Amacayacu Natl. Pk., San Martin, 150 m, malaise trap, 24.III–3.IV.2000, B. Amado (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00138385, IAVHAbout IAVH); Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu Lorena, 3º2’86” S 69º59’70” W, 210 m, 27.VIII.2001, M. Sharkley & D. Campos (1 ♀, USNMAbout USNM); Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu San Martin, 3º23’S 70º06’W, 150 m, malaise trap, M. 1313, 3–11.XI.2000, B. Amado (1 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu San Martin, 3º23’S 70º06’W, 150 m, malaise trap, M. 1314, 29.XI–5.XII.2000, B. Amado (1 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); Vichada, PNN Tuparo Cerro Tomas, 5º21’N 67º51’W, 140m, 21–31.Jan, Malaise, W. Villalba, M. 1381 (1 ♀, IAVHAbout IAVH); ECUADOR. Napo, Jatun Sacha Biol. Res. 6 km E Misahualli, 1º4’S 77º37’W, 450m, 30.IV–8.V.2002, S. A. Marshall (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00196246); FRENCH GUIANA, Nahe St. Jean, 29.XII.2002, M. Kotrba (2 #f, 2 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); PERUAbout PERU. Amazonia Lodge, Malaise trap, 12º52’16” S 71º22’11” W, 23–24.X. 2006, 465 m, J. Skevington (4 ♀, 8 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU); Cuzco. Quincemil. 13–31.VIII. 1962. 780 m. L. Pena (1 ♀, 2 ♂, CNCAbout CNC 5 0 3332, CNCAbout CNC 503333, CNCAbout CNC 503335); Junin, Pampa, Heramosa Lodge, 22km N San Ramon, 10º59’18S 75º25’30W, 1220 m, F.I.T., 24–27.XI.2007, D. Brzoska (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00319437); Madre De Dios, Los Amigos Biol. Stn., treefall pans, 6–10.VI.2006, Paiero & Klymko (1 ♀, 1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00279670, DEBUAbout DEBU 00281448); Madre De Dios, Manu Natl. Pk. Cocha Cashu Biol. Stn., 380 m, 11º55’0S 77º18’0W, 31.VIII–1.IX.1986, D.C. Darling (2 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151201, DEBUAbout DEBU 00151203); Madre De Dios, Rio Pini Pini, & Rio Amalia confluence, Manu Natl. Pk., 17.IV.2004, M. Von Tschinhaus (1 ♂, DEBUAbout DEBU 00256958); Madre De Dios, Tambopata Wildlife Res. 30km SW Pto. Maldonado 12º50’S 69º20’W, 290m, 12–31.VIII.1982, Joseph J. Anderson (1 ♀, 2 ♂, USNMAbout USNM); VENEZUELA. Trujillo, Guaramacal Natl. Pk., 14k NE Bocono, 2000 m, 25.VIII–1.IX.1992, L. Masner (1 ♀, DEBUAbout DEBU 00141032).

Distribution: Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Peru, Venezuela.

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

DEBU

Ontario Insect Collection, University of Guelph

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

IAVH

Instituto de Ivestigacion de los Recursos Biologicos Alexander von Humboldt

PERU

Universit� di Perugia

CNC

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids, and Nematodes

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Micropezidae

Genus

Cardiacephala

Loc

Cardiacephala brevipennis ( Walker, 1852 )

Ferro, Gustavo Borges & Marshall, Stephen A. 2018

2018
Loc

Plocoscelus brevipennis

Enderlein, G. 1922: 227

1922
Loc

Calobata brevipennis

Walker, F. 1852: 389