Microplitis Förster

Gupta, Ankita & Fernández-Triana, José L., 2014, Diversity, host association, and cocoon variability of reared Indian Microgastrinae (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), Zootaxa 3800 (1), pp. 1-101: 11

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Microplitis Förster


Genus Microplitis Förster  ( Figures 83−86View FIGURES 83 – 86. 83, 157− 164View FIGURE 157View FIGURE 158View FIGURE 159View FIGURE 160View FIGURE 161View FIGURE 162View FIGURE 163View FIGURE 164)

Microgaster carinicollis Cameron  is transferred to Microplitis  , based on examination of first and second mediotergites, length of metatibia spurs, and size of metaxocoxa: Microplitis carinicollis ( Cameron)  stat. rev.

Rearing Data:  Indian species of Microplitis  were reʗent 1 y re˅Ised by Gupta (2013)' including diagnostic details, illustrations and key to all Indian species. Seventy nine specimens were reared.

Life History Comments: The species Microplitis carinicollis Cameron  ( Figs 157View FIGURE 157, 158View FIGURE 158) was reared from Psalis pennatula (Fab.)  ( Erebidae  : Lymantriinae  ). The cocoon was solitary and brown ( Fig. 83View FIGURES 83 – 86. 83).

Microplitis demolitor Wilkinson  ( Fig. 159View FIGURE 159) is reported as a larval parasitoid of several noctuid moths, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner)  , Helicoverpa  spp., and Spodoptera  spp.

Spodoptera litura (Fabricius)  is recorded as host for M. demolitor Wilkinson  , M. manilae Ashmead  ( Fig. 162View FIGURE 162) and Microplitis prodeniae Rao & Kurian  ( Fig. 163View FIGURE 163).

Microplitis maculipennis (Szepligeti)  ( Fig. 161View FIGURE 161) is a natural biological control agent of the castor semilooper Acanthodelta janata  (L.) ( Fig. 84View FIGURES 83 – 86. 83). This parasitoid wasp has a life cycle of nearly 15 days in India. The brown coloured cocoon remains clasped by the last pair of legs at the anal end of the host caterpillar and remains attached firmly to the leaf surface. The parasitoid is most active from August to October and 80–90 % of parasitism has been observed in the field.

Microplitis spodopterae Rao & Kurian  ( Fig. 164View FIGURE 164) was reared from Spodoptera  sp. feeding on Trigonella foenum-graecum L. The  cocoon is solitary and brown ( Fig. 86View FIGURES 83 – 86. 83).