Zenoria carbo González & Santos, 2016

Santos, Paula B. & González, Guillermo, 2016, New species of Zenoria Mulsant (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) from Brazil and Peru, Zootaxa 4205 (4), pp. 386-394 : 390-392

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4205.4.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D5A6DD6B-46C8-4D70-BC64-6E12BFFFC5D0

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6082093

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/0A799443-FFE5-5940-FF53-F8A5B937FBA5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Zenoria carbo González & Santos
status

sp. nov.

Zenoria carbo González & Santos , sp. nov.

Figs. 32–45 View FIGURES 32 – 45

Diagnosis. Z. carbo sp. nov. resembles a group of species with a long subtriangular penis guide, about 3 times longer than wide, and parameres with setae only at the apex. Other species that have these features are Z.

circumcincta Gordon, 1971 ; Z. emarginata Gordon, 1971 ; Z. linteolata Mulsant, 1850 and Z. purpurea Gordon, 1972 . The new species differs from Z. circumcincta in the more elongated phallobase (3 times longer than wide) and the parameres parallel sided with a straight outer margin in ventral view. It is distinguished from the other species by having a penis guide with a sinuous inner margin in lateral view. Apart from this, all other species are predominantly lighter in color (with or without dark spots on the elytral disc), except Z. linteolata and Z. purpurea , which have a dark metallic-green and dark metallic-purple elytra respectively.

Description of holotype, male. Length 3.2 mm; width 2.6 mm. Body oval, convex ( Figs. 32–33 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Head and prothorax pale yellow; antennae and mouthparts brown; pubescence yellowish white ( Fig. 34 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Pronotum with basal black spot occupying central ¾ of base and extending to middle; pubescence yellowish white, about half scutellar shield length ( Figs. 32–34 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Elytra black, shiny with yellowish-white pubescence, except central medial area with inconspicuous dark-brown pubescence ( Figs. 32–35 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Scutellar shield black ( Fig. 32 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Epipleuron black, inner carina extending half distance to outer margin. Meso- and metaventrite black. Legs pale yellow. Abdominal postcoxal line curved posterolaterally, closely paralleling posterior margin of ventrite for short distance, then abruptly redirected anteriorly toward base of ventrite in lateral third ( Fig. 36 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Posterior margin of ventrite V with smooth emargination. Posterior margin of ventrite VI with wide emargination, accentuated medially, deep ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Phallobase long, ½ length of tegminal strut, three times longer than wide ( Fig. 37 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Penis guide triangular in dorsal view, nearly three times longer than wide, sides almost parallel, slightly narrower in apical fourth; apex rounded ( Figs. 39–40 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ); in lateral view triangular, inner margin slightly sinuous ( Figs. 42–43 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Parameres projecting slightly beyond penis guide ( Fig. 39 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ), in ventral view subtriangular with straight lateral margins, directed slightly inward in distal 1/5 ( Fig. 41 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ), regularly curved in lateral view and parallel sided. Sparse short setae at end of paramere ( Figs. 42–43 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ). Penis normal, wide, no more than 40 times longer than wide, semicircular in basal 3/5, straight in apical 2/5, except apex recurved upward relative to penis capsule, with membranous areas on outer side, fewer on inner side ( Figs. 44–45 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ); penis capsule with inner branch slightly longer than outer branch, curved inward, narrow at base and widening to 2/3 of length with membranous areas, outer branch with almost parallel sides, truncated, with outer membranous area ( Fig. 44 View FIGURES 32 – 45 ).

Female. Unknown.

Variation. Length 3.1–3.2 mm; width 2.5–2.6 mm. The pale yellow coloration of the pronotal anterior margins may be reduced to ½ or ¼ of the size.

Etymology. From Latin " carbo " meaning coal, referring to the intense black color of the elytra; proposed as a noun in apposition.

Type material. Holotype. “ Perú, Madre de Dios / Tahuamanu , Iberia / 292 mnsm, 10-I-2010 / Leg. J. Miró, Cítricos ” “ Male 1617” [ MEUT].

Paratypes (2): (1) “ Perú, Madre de Dios / Tahuamanu , Iberia / 292 mnsm, 10-I-2010 / Leg. J. Miró, Cítricos ” “ Male 612” [ MEUT] . (1) “ Perú Madre de Dios dept. / CICRA FldStn , trail 6 research / plot, 12.55207°S 70.10962°W / 295m, 11-13.VI.2011, Chaboo / team, canopy Malaise, bottom / sample, PER-11-CMB-002” “[bar code] / SEM C0986969 / KUNHM-ENT” “ Male 1571” [ UNMSM] GoogleMaps .

Distribution. Peru, Madre de Dios.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Coccinellidae

Genus

Zenoria

Loc

Zenoria carbo González & Santos

Santos, Paula B. & González, Guillermo 2016
2016
Loc

Z. purpurea

Gordon 1972
1972
Loc

circumcincta

Gordon 1971
1971
Loc

Z. emarginata

Gordon 1971
1971
Loc

linteolata

Mulsant 1850
1850