Sycettusa aff. sibogae ( Burton, 1930 )

Van, Rob W. M., Kaiser, Kirstie L. & Syoc, Robert Van, 2011, Sponges from Clipperton Island, East Pacific, Zootaxa 2839, pp. 1-46: 40

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.320220

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0D0987D3-FFC7-FFE4-20A6-17F0ED7BF914

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Sycettusa aff. sibogae ( Burton, 1930 )
status

n.comb.

Sycettusa aff. sibogae ( Burton, 1930)  n.comb.

( Figs 19View FIGURE 19 A –H)

Grantessa sibogae Burton, 1930: 4  .

Material examined. MNHNAbout MNHN DCL 4045 –D, Jean-Louis Etienne Expédition Clipperton 2005, station 13, 32 m, on dead corals, 18 –01– 2005, 2 specimens.

MNHNAbout MNHN DCL 4057, Jean-Louis Etienne Expédition Clipperton 2005, station 5, 17 m, on dead corals, 10 –01– 2005, 1 specimen. ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A).

MNHNAbout MNHN DCL 4064, Jean-Louis Etienne Expédition Clipperton 2005, station 40, 20 m, on dead corals, 29 –01– 2005, 1 specimen.

Examined for comparison: Holotype, ZMAAbout ZMA Por. 0 0 148, Siboga Exped. stat. 0 77, Indonesia, Borneo Bank, Makassar Strait, 3.45°S 117.6°E, depth 59 m, 10 –06– 1899.

Description. A clustered mass of tubes ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A), the largest 5 x 5 x 2 cm, individual tubes up to 1 cm long and 0.5 cm in diameter. Color (alcohol) pale yellow-brown.

Skeleton. Compressed syconoid without articulation ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 B). The thin cortex is made up of the actines of cortical equiangular triactines, the choanosome is made up of the unpaired actines of the subcortical larger sagittal triactines; atrial skeleton likewise made up of the paired actines of smaller equiangular triactines.

Spicules. Triactines only ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 C). These are quite diversified, basically divisible in (1) equiangular triactines, large ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 D), with actines up to 530 x 47 µm, and small ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 E) up to 164 x 19 µm, and (2) unequiangular triactines which often have downcurved or upcurved paired actines, consisting of large triactines ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 F) with paired actines up to 290 x 38 and unpaired actine up to 525 x 45 µm, and small triactines ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 G) with paired actines up to 47 x 7 and unpaired actine 90 x 9 µm. There are also atrial intercrossing trichoxeas ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 H), invariably broken, largest unbroken fragment: 240 x 1.5 µm.

Ecology and distribution. Encrusting dead corals in shallow reefs; if conspecific with the Indonesian material the species is known from Île Clipperton and the Makassar Strait region.

Remarks. The genus Sycettusa  unites former Grantessa  species lacking an articulated skeleton ( Borojevic et al. 2002). The species Grantessa sibogae Burton (1930)  was synonymised with the apparently widespread Indo- Pacific species Sycettusa sycilloides  ( Schuffner, 1877 as Sycortis  ) by Burton (1963) without further comments. For that reason and because Schuffner’s material was from East Africa ( Mauritius) we prefer to retain Sycettusa sibogae  n.comb. as a distinct species. The type of S. sibogae  n.comb. ( ZMAAbout ZMA Por. 00148) from Makassar Strait, Indonesia, is a single tube and the large triactines have their rays somewhat more curved than in our material but spicule sizes and categories match to a large extent. The possibility that the Clipperton specimens belong to a closely related but distinct species cannot be entirely excluded. For that reason we added ‘ aff  .’ to the species identification.

Sycettusa tenuis Borojevic & Klautau (2000)  from New Caledonia differs from the present material in possessing atrial tetractines and lacking the subdivision in larger and smaller triactines.

MNHN

Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle

ZMA

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Zoologisch Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Porifera

Class

Calcarea

Order

Leucosolenida

Family

Heteropiidae

Genus

Sycettusa

Loc

Sycettusa aff. sibogae ( Burton, 1930 )

Van, Rob W. M., Kaiser, Kirstie L. & Syoc, Robert Van 2011
2011
Loc

Grantessa sibogae

Burton 1930: 4