Megaselia nudihalterata, Disney, R. Henry L., 2006

Disney, R. Henry L., 2006, Eight new species of Megaselia Rondani (Diptera: Phoridae) from the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen, Zootaxa 1371, pp. 1-21: 13-15

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.174923

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8157A8F4-DAD5-4156-9ACB-A071E29D9E03

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0E0D87C0-0D3E-B23E-FEE3-3AC6FB21E24B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Megaselia nudihalterata
status

sp. nov.

Megaselia nudihalterata  sp. nov.

( Figs 21 – 22View FIGURES 21 – 22)

In Beyer’s (1965) keys this species runs to couplet 5 on page 56 or couplet 10 on page 57, depending on the length of the costal index. This whole section from couplet 5 onwards is far from satisfactory as he not only omitted species described by Collin (1912) but more than a dozen species have been described since. However, the majority of the species running to this section only have two bristles on the notopleuron. Several of those with three bristles, like this species, are discussed with the further addition of M. gallagheri  (see above), where it is pointed out that M. nudihalterata  along with M. agarici  and M. nectama  and are immediately distinguished by their very pale vein 7. The latter two species are immediately distinguished by their pale yellow haltere knobs as opposed to the brown knobs of the new species. At low magnifications the dusky abdominal venter in both sexes will exclude several species of this complex as do the robust feathered bristles on the epandrium of the male.

Etymology

Named after its resemblance to the widely distributed mushroom pest M. halterata (Wood)  but lacking the conspicuously hairy abdominal venter of the latter.

Male

Frons brown, broader than long, with 32 – 49 hairs, dense but very fine microsetae and bristles positions very similar to M. necmera  ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 14 – 17). Upper SAs robust but lower pair less than half as long and much finer. Cheek with 2 – 3 bristles and jowl with two longer ones. Postpedicels subglobose, brown, with larger than usual bulbous peg sensilla (about 0.005 mm in diameter) but evident as pale spots on surface at low (e.g. x 50) magnifications; and with some SPS vesicles that are variable in size but the largest are subequal to the diameters of sockets of the upper SAs. Palps straw yellow, with six bristles (3 – 4 being long and 2 – 3 being short) and 2 – 5 hairs. Labrum coloured as palps and about 0.5 – 0.6 x as wide as postpedicel. Labella also pale and with only about a dozen short spinules below each. Thorax brown, being paler on sides. Mesopleuron bare. Three notopleural bristles and no cleft in front of these. Scutellum with an anterior pair of hairs (subequal to those at rear of scutum) and a posterior pair of bristles. Abdominal tergites brown with the hairs at rear of T 6 a little longer than rest ( Fig. 22View FIGURES 21 – 22). Venter yellowish grey and with hairs below segments 5 and 6, but those below 3 and 4 are mostly, or entirely, reduced to minute hairs (like those to the rear of the spiracle on segment 6 — Fig. 22View FIGURES 21 – 22). Hypopygium brown, including the paler anal tube, and as Fig. 22View FIGURES 21 – 22. Right lobe of hypandrium vestigial. With four rectal papillae. Legs straw yellow, apart from brown patch on mid coxa, but the hind femur gradually darkens to a light brown in outer half. Fore tarsus with posterodorsal hair palisade on segments 1 – 4, and segment 5 is a little longer than 4. Dorsal hair palisade of mid tibia extends about half of length. Hairs below basal half of hind femur longer than those of anteroventral row of outer half. Hind tibia with 11 – 16 differentiated, but fine, posterodorsal hairs, except at least one in the third quarter is/are stronger than the rest. Spinules of apical combs simple. Wings 1.2 – 1.4 mm long. Costal index 0.29 – 0.35. Costal ratios 4.7 – 6.2: 1.0 – 1.6: 1. Costal cilia (of section 3) 0.08 – 0.11 mm long. A small hair at base of vein 3 (except in one specimen it is absent on one wing). With two axillary bristles, the outer being subequal to costal cilia. Sc pale and fading away well before R 1. Veins pale yellowish grey, except 7 is very pale and difficult see at low magnifications. Membrane only very lightly tinged grey. Haltere brown.

Female

Head similar to male except labrum about 0.8 x wider than diameter of postpedicel and light brown. Thorax as male. Abdominal tergites brown, but T 8 paler than the rest. T 5 – T 7 as Fig. 21View FIGURES 21 – 22. Venter as male. Sternite 7 absent. Posterolateral lobes at rear of sternum 8 only indicated by each having a patch of about eight hairs. Apical hairs of hypoproct scarcely differentiated from those along its sides. Cerci pale brown and about twice as long as broad. Furca not evident. The pale Dufour’s crop mechanism is almost 4 x as long as its greatest breadth and is rounded behind. Legs similar to male but mid and hind femora and tibiae in part darker, being tinged brown, especially the hind femora. Wing as male except length is 1.4 – 1.5 mm. Costal index 0.31 – 0.33. Costal ratios 6.4 – 7.2: 1.3 – 2.0: 1. Costal cilia 0.09 – 0.10 mm long. Otherwise it and haltere as male.

Material

Holotype male, Yem en, 12 km N.W. Manakhah, Malaise trap, 3.vii – 2.viii. 2001, A. van Harten ( CUMZ, 2 – 156). Paratypes, 4 males, as holotype ( CUMZ, 2 – 156, 157, 160); 1 male, Ar Rujum, Malaise trap, 15.i – 9.iv. 2001, A. v H. ( CUMZ, 32 – 115). 6 males, Oman, Wattayeh, 1.iii – 7.iv. 1988, M. J. Ebejer & M. D. Gallagher (National Museum of Wales, CUMZ, 5-145 - 147). 1 female, United Arab Emirates, NARC, near Sweiham, light trap, 2 – 30.iv. 2005, A. van Harten ( CUMZ, 32 – 142); 3 males, Sharjah Desert Park, light trap, 29.III. – 6.IV. 2005, A v H. ( CUMZ, 32 – 132, 133); 1 female, 6 – 30.iv. 2005 ( CUMZ, 32 – 144); 2 males, Wadi Warayah, 12 – 14.iii. 2005, T. Pape ( CUMZ, 32 – 138, 139).

CUMZ

Chulalongkorn University Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Megaselia