Dissomphalus krombeini Azevedo, 1999

Colombo, Wesley D. & Azevedo, Celso O., 2016, Review of Dissomphalus Ashmead, 1893 (Hymenoptera, Bethylidae) from Espíri- to Santo, Brazil, with description of twenty-one new species, Zootaxa 4143 (1), pp. 1-84: 17-18

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Dissomphalus krombeini Azevedo, 1999


Dissomphalus krombeini Azevedo, 1999 

( Figs 68, 69View FIGURES 68 – 76)

Dissomphalus krombeini Azevedo, 1999c: 52  –54 (Ƌ, holotype from U.S.A., PMAE, fig. 6); 2003: 20–21; Redighieri & Azevedo, 2006: 309.

Diagnosis. Male. Dark castaneous; wings hyaline. Mandible with four apical teeth. Clypeus broadly projected forward, median tooth minute, median carina slightly high, angled in profile, lateral lobes undefined. Frons weakly coriaceous. Vertex slightly convex. Notaulus short, very weak. Parapsidal furrow incomplete anteriorly. T2 with pair of shallow subcircular lateral depressions, small tubercle present, giving rise to linear tuft of setae, lateral one distinctly longer than others. Hypopygium short and wide, posterior margin slightly broadly concave. Genitalia: paramere with wide apex, truncate, arched inward, corners somewhat sharp, base dorsal margin much projected in- and downward; cuspis long and much arched; aedeagal ventral ramus nearly as long as dorsal body, basal three fourths wide with inner margin parallel and straight and outer margin slightly convex, apical fourth narrow with apex truncate and inclined, outer corner sharp; dorsal body with pair of apical lobe, outer margin bulging, inner margin weakly setose, apex narrow, basal process with median spine. Female unknown.

Variations. T2 with depressions circular.

Remarks. Seven specimens of D. krombeini  were registered from Espírito Santo (Azevedo 2003; Redighieri & Azevedo 2006), and we add more 50 new ones.

Material examined. Types : Holotype Ƌ, U.S.A., Florida, Monroe Co., Sugarloaf Key , Kitching , hammock forest, 6.VI –29.VIII.1986, Malaise /FIT, S. & J. Peck col. ( PMAEAbout PMAE)  . Material revised: BRAZIL, Espírito Santo: 1Ƌ, Santa Teresa, Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia , 19º58’S 40º32’W, 06–09.IV.2001, armadilha Malaise, C.O. Azevedo e eq[uipe] col. ( MZSPAbout MZSP)GoogleMaps  . 6Ƌ, Cariacica, Reserva Biológica de Duas Bocas , 24.IX –10.XII.1996, C.O. Azevedo & E.H. Freitas col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  . New material examined: 1Ƌ, Conceição da Barra, Parque Estadual de Itaúnas , 18º20’S 39º40W, 23–25.XI.2006, Moericke, M.T. Tavares & equipe col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 6♂, Pinheiros, Res [erva] Biol [ógica] do Córrego do Veado , 18º21’S 40º09’W, 09–06.XII.2011, arm[adilha] Malaise, M.T. Tavares & equipe col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Sooretama, Reserva Biológica de Sooretama , 11–19.XI.2011, [armadilha] Malaise, C.O. Azevedo col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 1♂, Linhares, Cultura de Café , 01.IX.1999, V.L.R.M. Benassi col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 4♂, Linhares , cultura de coco, [19º25’S 40º04’W], 13.VI –3.X.2008, arm[adilha] Möricke, E. F. Comério col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Linhares, Faz [enda] Benesfort , Povoação , Restinga arbórea, 8–10.X.2000, varredura, [C.O.] Azevedo & Schiffler col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 1♂, João Neiva, Alto Bérgamo , mata, 19º44’S 40º26’W, 27.X –3.XI.2008, arm[adilha] Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & equipe col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, São Roque do Canaã, Alto Misterioso , 19º48’ 0,3S 40º46’ 29,8W, 02– 11.XI.2007, [armadilha] Malaise, Waichert & eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, S[an]ta Teresa, R [eserva] B[iológica] S[an]ta Lúcia {= Estação Biológica [de] Santa Lúcia}, [19°56’S 40°36’W], 27.VII.2004, sweep, M.T. Tavares & eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Santa Teresa , Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia, [19º58’ 40º32’W], 15–19.X.2010, [armadilha] Malaise, M.T. Tavares & equipe col. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 20♂, Santa Teresa , Estação Biológica de Santa Lúcia, [19º58’ 40º32’W], 13–17.X.2008. ( UFESAbout UFES)  ; 5♂, Santa Maria de Jetibá, Faz [enda] Clarindo Krüger , 20º04’S 40º44’O, 29.XI –13.XII.2002, armadilha Malaise, M. Tavares, C. Azevedo e eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 2♂, Domingos Martins, Pico do Eldorado , 20º22’S 40º39’W, 3–10.XII.2004, [armadilha] Malaise, [M.T.] Tavares & eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Guarapari , Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha, restinga, 20º36’S 40º25’W, 15–23.V.2006, [armadilha] Malaise, Kawada, R & eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 3♂, Alfredo Chaves, Picadão , mata, 20º27’S 40º42’W, 8–15.X.2007, arm[adilha] Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & eq[uipe] col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂, Divino de São Lourenço, Parque Nacional Caparaó  , 20º24’S 41º47’W, 15–22.III.2013, [armadilha] Malaise, C.O. Azevedo & F.B. Fraga col. ( UFESAbout UFES)GoogleMaps  .

Distribution. Dominican Republic, Saint Vincent, U.S.A. Dominica, Costa Rica, Ecuador and Brazil (Distrito Federal, Espírito Santo, São Paulo, Paraná and Santa Catarina).


Royal Alberta Museum


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo


Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo














Dissomphalus krombeini Azevedo, 1999

Colombo, Wesley D. & Azevedo, Celso O. 2016


Dissomphalus krombeini

Redighieri 2006: 309Azevedo 1999: 52