Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901

Hamilton, Chris A., Hendrixson, Brent E. & Bond, Jason E., 2016, Taxonomic revision of the tarantula genus Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 (Araneae, Mygalomorphae, Theraphosidae) within the United States, ZooKeys 560, pp. 1-340: 22-24

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.560.6264

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:F4C1691C-1358-4FA9-A031-E305DEE2B6A2

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/136082AD-4667-297D-E711-DC9B753AE7A3

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901
status

 

Taxon classification Animalia Araneae Theraphosidae

Genus Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901 

Rhechostica  Simon, 1892: 162 (type species by original designation Homoeomma texense  Simon, 1891). Suppressed as a senior synonym of Aphonopelma  by ICZN Opinion 1637.

Dugesiella  Pocock, 1901: 551 (type species by original designation Dugesiella crinita  Pocock, 1901). First synonymized with Rhechostica  by Raven (1985: 152).

Aphonopelma  Pocock, 1901: 553 (type species by original designation Eurypelma seemanni  Pickard-Cambridge, 1897). First synonymized with Rhechostica  by Raven (1985: 149).

Delopelma  Petrunkevitch, 1939: 567 (type species by original designation Eurypelma marxi  Simon, 1891). First synonymized with Rhechostica  by Raven (1985: 151).

Gosipelma  Chamberlin, 1940: 4 (type species by original designation Gosipelma angusi  Chamberlin, 1940). Originally described as a subgenus of Aphonopelma  , but never elevated to full generic status. First synonymized with Rhechostica  by Raven (1985: 153).

Chaunopelma  Chamberlin, 1940: 30 (type species by original designation Delopelma radinum  Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939). First synonymized with Rhechostica  by Raven (1985: 151).

Apachepelma  Smith, 1994: 45 (type species by original designation Aphonopelma paloma  Prentice, 1992). First synonymized with Aphonopelma  by Prentice (1997: 147).

Type species.

Eurypelma seemanni  F.O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897; female holotype from Puerto Culebra, Pacific coast, W of Liberia, Guanacaste province, Costa Rica, coll. Dr. Seeman; deposited in BMNH. [examined]

Eurypelma seemanni  F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897: 26.

Aphonopelma seemanni  Pocock, 1901: 553.

Aphonopelma seemanni  Valerio, 1980: 274.

Rhechostica seemanni  Raven, 1985: 149.

Aphonopelma seemanni  Smith, 1995: 141.

Diagnosis.

From Prentice (1997, p. 147)

"The genus Aphonopelma  is distinguished from all other theraphosid genera by the following combination of characters: (1) no known external stridulation organs; (2) hair-like or spiniform plumose setae on the prolateral surface of the trochanter and femur of leg I and on the retrolateral surface of the coxa and trochanter of the pedipalp; (3) type I urticating setae only; (4) corresponding segments of all legs approximately the same width in females (femur III in males sometimes laterally swollen); (5) scopula of tarsus IV usually entire, if divided then only partially and narrowly by line of setae; (6) setae on the prolateral surface of coxa I hair-like and not basally swollen, spiniform and basally swollen, or distinctly stout and thorn-like; (7) metatarsus I flexing against the lower process of the tibial spur, with either the apex of the spur contacting the ventral surface of the metatarsus or the outer edge of the spur in the apical half contacting the prolateral surface of the metatarsus; (8) and the lower process of the tibial spur curving prolaterodistally and widening apically, usually equipped with at least one apical or preapical megaspine, and the upper shorter process less stout basally, relatively uniform in diameter throughout its length, and equipped on its inner surface with at least one stout, basally articulated megaspine."

Future nomenclatural status of Aphonopelma 

Due to our inability to conduct fieldwork in Mexico and Central America, a comprehensive taxonomic revision of Aphonopelma  (and other closely related genera) is not feasible at this time. However, we do anticipate future genus-level nomenclatural changes for those species found in the United States. As presently defined, we have reason to believe that Aphonopelma  is not monophyletic. Our choice of outgroups places the Aphonopelma  species from the United States closer to the genus Sericopelma  than to the Central American species of Aphonopelma  (Fig. 8). This has nomenclatural implications because the type species ( Aphonopelma seemanni  ) from Costa Rica is undoubtedly grouped with the other Central American Aphonopelma  material (pers. obs.). Unfortunately, it is not possible to resurrect a synonymized generic name (e.g., Dugesiella  or Delopelma  ) for the Aphonopelma  species in the United States until researchers can more thoroughly sample material from Mexico and Central America (see Prentice 1997, Smith 2010).

Aphonopelma 

within the United States

Aphonopelma anax  (Chamberlin, 1940)

Aphonopelma armada  (Chamberlin, 1940)

Aphonopelma atomicum  Hamilton, sp. n.

Aphonopelma catalina  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma chalcodes  Chamberlin, 1940

Aphonopelma chiricahua  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma eutylenum  Chamberlin, 1940

Aphonopelma gabeli  Smith, 1995

Aphonopelma hentzi  (Girard, 1852)

Aphonopelma icenoglei  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma iodius  (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)

Aphonopelma johnnycashi  Hamilton, sp. n.

Aphonopelma joshua  Prentice, 1997

Aphonopelma madera  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma mareki  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma marxi  (Simon, 1891)

Aphonopelma moderatum  (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)

Aphonopelma moellendorfi  Hamilton, sp. n.

Aphonopelma mojave  Prentice, 1997

Aphonopelma paloma  Prentice, 1993

Aphonopelma parvum  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma peloncillo  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma phasmus  Chamberlin, 1940

Aphonopelma prenticei  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma saguaro  Hamilton, sp. n.

Aphonopelma steindachneri  (Ausserer, 1875)

Aphonopelma superstitionense  Hamilton, Hendrixson & Bond, sp. n.

Aphonopelma vorhiesi  (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1939)

Aphonopelma xwalxwal  Hamilton, sp. n.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Theraphosidae

Loc

Aphonopelma Pocock, 1901

Hamilton, Chris A., Hendrixson, Brent E. & Bond, Jason E. 2016

2016
Loc

Apachepelma

Smith 1994

1994
Loc

Gosipelma

Chamberlin 1940

1940
Loc

Gosipelma angusi

Chamberlin 1940

1940
Loc

Chaunopelma

Chamberlin 1940

1940
Loc

Delopelma

Petrunkevitch 1939

1939
Loc

Delopelma radinum

Petrunkevitch 1939

1939
Loc

Aphonopelma

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Dugesiella

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Dugesiella crinita

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Aphonopelma

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Aphonopelma

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Aphonopelma paloma

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Aphonopelma

Pocock 1901

1901
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Rhechostica

Simon 1892

1892
Loc

Homoeomma texense

Ausserer 1871

1871
Loc

Eurypelma seemanni

Koch 1850

1850
Loc

Eurypelma marxi

Koch 1850

1850