Hyboptera angulicollis Chaudoir, 1872

Erwin, Terry L. & Henry, Shasta C., 2017, Hyboptera Chaudoir, 1872 of the Cryptobatida group of subtribe Agrina: A taxonomic revision with notes on their ways of life (Insecta, Coleoptera, Carabidae, Lebiini), ZooKeys 714, pp. 61-127: 68-79

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.714.15113

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:BC4DF927-F547-446C-ACD3-F2B065E0842E

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/14D1B01E-8E07-B1B7-5D36-80AE32CE7E7B

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scientific name

Hyboptera angulicollis Chaudoir, 1872
status

 

Hyboptera angulicollis Chaudoir, 1872  Angled-neck humps-backed beetle Figs 1A, 5A, 11

Hyboptera angulicollis  Chaudoir, 1872: 164.

Holotype.

Sex unknown. Brazil, Amazonas, Ega ( Tefé), (HW Bates)(MNHP). Not seen by us; however, we have seen a “homotype” labelled by George E. Ball who studied the holotype in Paris.

Derivation of specific epithet.

The epithet, angulicollis  , is a Latinized singular feminine adjective meaning "angled neck" referring to the angulate lateral sides of the pronotum.

Proposed english vernacular name.

Angled-neck humps-backed beetle.

Diagnosis.

With the attributes of the genus and angulicollis  species group as described above and adults with patches of bright metallic green para-medially on pronotum, elytra entirely with metallic green reflection, and venter entirely rufotestaceous.

Description.

(Figs 1A, 5A). Size: See Appendix 1. Length (SBL) long for genus, ABL = 3.943-4.800 mm, SBL = 3.34-4.15 mm, TW = 1.92-2.53 mm.

Color: See diagnosis, above.

Luster: Metallic highlights, partially iridescent.

Microsculpture: Mostly isodiametric or slightly stretched, well-impressed, cells somewhat more stretched around elytral tubercles.

Head: Rugae moderately coarse, mostly transverse. Eye very large, sub-hemispheric, and evenly rounded anteriorly, subtly more prolonged posteriorly. Antenna short, barely reaching humerus. Labrum rectangulate, shallowly bilobed, anterior margin slightly emarginate. Neck finely transversely rugose.

Prothorax: Pronotum moderately broad, disc centrally planar with dense transverse rugae. Lateral margins broadly explanate and obtusely angled medially then subtly arcuate to broadly obtuse hind angle, base medially produced and rounded posteriorly.

Pterothorax: Normal for Agrina  , fully winged. Elytron intervals 3 with 6, and 5 with 5 (4) discal unisetiferous tubercles, other intervals moderately convex, side margin moderately explanate laterally only at middle third. Elytron broad and moderately short, moderately narrower than the pronotum at the broadest part, apex truncate, slightly rounded with distal corner broadly and obtusely rounded, disc not significantly convex, basal third slightly depressed. All interneurs well-impressed.

Legs: Femur dorso-ventrally moderately depressed, tibia coequal in length, more depressed; tarsus less than half the length of the tibia, fourth tarsomere markedly bilobed and with tarsal pad of setae.

Abdomen: Sparsely setiferous; normal ambulatory setae on sterna 3-5; female with two pairs of ambulatory setae on sternum 6, medial pair of setae less than the length of lateral pair; males with only the lateral pair of longer setae on sternum 6.

Male genitalia: Phallus (Fig. 5A) with ostium of 1/5 its length, catopic, apex long, narrowly rounded; endophallus with flagellum (not obvious in illustration), flagellum not barbed. Parameres asymmetric, right very small, left larger.

Female genitalia: Not investigated, likely similar to that of H. lucida  (Fig. 8).

Variation: In the large series of specimens of this species available to us for this study from many localities, we noted that the pronotal explanate margins vary considerably in width, the more narrow they are the more prominent the midpoint angle, the broader the explanation the more obtuse the midpoint angle.

Dispersal potential.

These beetles are macropterous and capable of flight. They are moderately swift and agile runners. Specimens have been acquired using most modern collecting methods, including insecticidal foggings, UV light sheets and traps, Malaise traps, SLAM Malaise traps, and flight intercept traps (FITs).

Way of life.

Adults are common in the lowlands (8 to 700 m a.s.l.) and appear to be generalists in a variety of rainforest biotopes including terra firme, várzea, igapó, second growth, subtropical moist and white sand forests. In these forests, they are commonly found in big trees with vines and epiphytes, in suspended dry leaves, under lianas close to the trunk, in dry Scheelea  sp. and Astrocaryum chambira  Burret palm fronds, in very large suspended dry Cecropia  leaves, and in dry bamboo leaves of the genera Guadua  [ G. weberbaueri  Pilg.] and Elytrostachys  [sp.] Individuals can be found in all months of the year, in both the rainy and dry seasons. Member of this species have been recorded from the canopy of the following tree species using insecticidal fogging techniques: Allophyllus  sp.; Pourouma bicolor ssp. bicolor  cf., Pourouma cecropiifolia  aff., Pourouma mollis ssp. triloba  cf.; Virola obovata  , Virola decorticans  cf.; Brosimum utile ssp. ovatifolium  cf., Aspidosperma darienense  cf.; Crepidospermum rhoifolium  ; Castilla ulei  cf.; Pseudolmedia laevis  , Pseudolmedia macrophylla  cf.; Hymenaea oblongifolia  ; Matisia malacocalyx  cf.; Oenocarpus bataua  ; Siparuna decipiens  ; Trattinnickia rhoifolia var. lancifolia  cf.; Cecropia herthae  , Cecropia ficifolia  ; Pentagonia spathicalyx  cf.; Pouteria reticulata ssp. reticulata  cf., Pouteria cuspidata ssp. robusta  cf., Pouteria baehniana  cf., Pouteria rostrata  aff. añangu; Gustavia longifolia  ; Leonia glycicarpa  ; Protium sagotianum  cf., Protium nodulosum  cf.; Sloanea cordia  ; Iriartea deltoidea  ; Browneopsis ucayalina  ; Eschweilera coriacea  cf., Eschweilera juruensis  cf.; Batocarpus orinocensis  cf.; Pachira aquatica  cf.; Sarcaulus brasiliensis  aff. burnt; Blakea  sp. 1; Parkia multijuga  cf.; Swartzia león; Rhodostemonodaphne kunthiana  cf.; Nectandra  sp. 1, Nectandra crassiloba  cf.; Inga olivaceae  , Inga capitata  , Inga bourgonii  cf., Inga cuadra  ; Rinorea viridifolia  ; Talisia  bitter; Coussapoa orthoneura  cf., Coussapoa herthae  ; Aspidosperma darienense  cf.; Vismia  weedy; Astrocaryum chambira  ; Tabebuia moby  ; Wittmackanthus stanleyanus  cf.; Alchornea triplinervia  cf.; Maquira calophylla  ; Trichilia elsae  cf., Trichilia solitudinis  ; Trichilia solitudinis  ; Simira cordifolia  /rubescens cf.; Catatola costaricana  aff.; Brownea grandiceps  cf.; Pausandra trianae  ; Micropholis venulosa  cf.; Sagotia racemosa  ; Diospyros sericea  ; Guarea silvatica  ; Sorocea pubivena ssp. oligotricha  cf.; Grias neuberthii  ; Simaba guianensis  cf.; Tapura peruviana  cf.; Neea  dive-tuberculate; Semaphyllanthe megistocaula  cf., Semaphyllanthe garcinia macrophylla  cf.; Guatteria  sp. 3, sect.; Meiocarpus  , long petiole.

Other specimens examined. Brazil, Pará, Belém, Mocambo, 1.555°S, 48.429°W, 25m, 10 January 1978 ( NMNH: ADP007291, female), 20 May 1978 ( NMNH: ADP007290, female), 23 June 1978 ( NMNH: ADP007289, female). Colombia, Amazonas, PNN Amacayacu, February 1989 (M Kelsey)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2434, ADP145214, IAvH-E-2435, ADP145200, males), IAvH-E-2436, ADP145206, IAvH-E-2437, ADP145202, IAvH-E-2438, ADP145204, IAvH-E-73774, ADP145210, females), 100m, July 1988 (M Kelsey)(IAvH: IAvH-E-40649, ADP145215, female), 100m, 19 January 1998 (A Alvarado)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2439, ADP145217, female), 150-200m, 31 August 1997 (D Campos)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73773, ADP145149, male), 1 September 1997 (D Campos, F Fernandez)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73773, ADP145147, male, IAvH-E-2442, ADP145191, female), Boca Caño Matamata, 3.3839°S, 70.0999°W, 150m, 30 August 1997 (Brown, G Kung)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2441, ADP145209m, female), Caño Matamata, 3°23'S, 070°06'W, 150m, 11-17 December 2000 (A Parente)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3534, ADP145195, male), San Martin, 3.776°S, 070.301°W, 80m, 22-30 April 2000 (B Amado)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73757, ADP145189, female), 2-7 July 2000 (B Amado)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73763, ADP145211, female), 13-21 December 2000 (B Amado)(IAvH: IAvH-E-3533, ADP145197, female), Caquetá, Florencia, Santa Rosita, 01°20'N, 076°6'W, 600m, 7-22 July 2000 (E González)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2284, ADP145160, IAvH-E-40757, ADP145162, males), 22 July - 4 August 2000 (F Ruales  )(IAvH: IAvH-E-73770, ADP145164, female), PNN Chiribiquete, Puerto Abeja, 00°4'N, 072°26'W, 310m, 29 October - 12 November 2000, M Ospina, E González)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2699, ADP145167, IAvH-E-73765, ADP145156, IAvH-E-73766, ADP145158, females), PNN Chiribiquete, Puerto Solano, 00°12'N, 072°25'W, 300m, 19-22 February 2001 (M Ospina, E González)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73771, ADP145198, male), 26 February - 3 March 2001 (M Ospina, E González)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73772, ADP145192, female), 12-19 November 2000 (J Forero)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73767, ADP145172, female), PNN Chiribiquete, Rio Cuñare, 00°30'N, 072°37'W, 300m, 1-4 November 2000 (E González, M Ospina)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73760, ADP145144, female), 1-5 November 2000 (E González, M Ospina)(IAvH: IAvH-E-73768, ADP145150, male), Meta, 8 km SW San Jaun de Arama, 4.2242°S, 69.9449°W, 70m, 27 July 2015 ( Jäch)( NMNH, ADP140534, female), Nariño, Territoio Kofan, Orito, 0.499°N, 77.216°W, 700m, 28 September 1998 (E González)(IAvH: IAvH-E-2440, ADP145146, male). Ecuador, Napo, Tena, 0.989°S, 77.812°W, 500m, 22 -27 May 1987 (BV Brown)( LACM: ADP006159, male), Orellana, Reserva Ethnica Huaorani, 39 km S Pompeya, Estación Científica Yasuní - Onkone Gare Camp, Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 2, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 15 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP138234, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 8, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 16 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135890, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 7, station 9, 0.6556°S, 76.4475°W, 220-250m, 20 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135903, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 7, station 6, 0.6556°S, 76.4475°W, 220-250m, 20 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135905, males), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 1, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 24 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP138676, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 6, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 24 January 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135960, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 9, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 25 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135968, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 10, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 25 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135978, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 2, 0.6556°S, 76.4475°W, 220-250m, 20 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135899, ADP135984, males), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 6, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 29 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135958, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 5, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 21 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135956, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 21 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135909, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 10, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 29 June 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135904, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 10, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 3 July 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135791, male, ADP135856, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 8, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 4 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135895, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2 station 7, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 4 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135893, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 10, 0.6540°S, 76.4433°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137733, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 10, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 7 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP006160, females), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 7, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 9 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135907, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 10, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 10 October 1994 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137736, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 4, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 8 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135972, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 10, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220 -250m, 8 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135944, male, ADP135936, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 3, 0.6540°S, 76.4473°W, 220-250m, 8 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135942, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 8, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 9 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137846, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 10, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 9 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137357, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 7, station 8, 0.6556°S, 76.4475°W, 220-250m, 10 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137740, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 2, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 11 February 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137379, male, ADP137339, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 7, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 3 July 1995 (TL Erwin, et al. ( NMNH: ADP006172, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 3, station 9, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135952, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 7, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137325, ADP137373, males, ADP137365, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 1, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137327, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 6, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137391, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 10, 0.6561°S, 76.44838°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137375, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 7, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 7 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135988, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 8, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135982, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135946, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 2, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135938, male, ADP135948, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 4, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135966, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, station 5, 0.6540°S, 76.4453°W, 220-250m, 8 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135964, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 3, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 9 October 1995 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135915, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 7, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 4 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137696, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 8, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 4 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135980, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 6, 0.6576°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 5 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP136473, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 8, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 7 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137329, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 10, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 13 February 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP147731, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 7, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 21 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137363, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 4, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 21 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137343, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 3, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 22 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137345, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 9, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 22 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137347, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 9, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 22 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137688, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 7, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 23 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137744, male, ADP137742, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6595°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 23 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137734, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 3, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 25 June 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137748, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 10, 0.6586°S, 76.4521°W, 220-250m, 30 September 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137331, ADP137359, males), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 2, station 7, 0.6581°S, 76.4513°W, 220-250m, 30 September 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137361, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 7, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 2 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135928, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 7, station 3, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 3 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135913, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 5, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 3 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135920, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 10, 0.6551°S, 76.4403°W, 220-250m, 3 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137385, male, ADP137367, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 5, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 4 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137351, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 2, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 6 October 1996 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135862, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 4, station 7, 0.6570°S, 76.4498°W, 220-250m, 20 January 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133848, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 5, station 1, 0.6566°S, 76.4490°W, 220-250m, 20 January 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133854, female), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 8, station 4, 0.6556°S, 76.4475°W, 220-250m, 28 January 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133866, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 1, 0.6586°S, 76.4421°W, 220-250m, 7 July 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133856, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 1, station 2, 0.6586°S, 76.4421°W, 220-250m, 7 July 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133858, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 6, station 7, 0.6561°S, 76.4483°W, 220-250m, 9 July 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133850, male), Erwin Piraña Plot: transect 9, station 5, 0.6545°S, 76.4460°W, 220-250m, 12 July 2006 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP133862, male), Yasuni National Park (edge), 95.43 km E (heading 101.46°) Coca, Tiputini Biodiversity Station, Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 9, 0.63327°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 20 June 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135860, ADP135906, females), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 8, 0.63167°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 30 June 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135795, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 10, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 1 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135834, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 7, station 10, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 4 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135868, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 8, station 5, 0.6278°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 4 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135910, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 7, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 5 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135841, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 6, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 5 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135854, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 8, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 5 July 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135838, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 6, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 21 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP136756, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 21 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135866, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 3, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 21 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135882, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 6, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 215m, 21 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135846, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 7, station 1, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 22 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135884, male, ADP135888, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 8, station 8, 0.6273°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 22 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP136798, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 8, station 10, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 22 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135864, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 2, station 4, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 197m, 23 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135839, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 2, station 8, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 197m, 23 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135880, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 2, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135878, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 3, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135769, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 4, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135892, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 9, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135912, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 5, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 24 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137335, male, ADP135872, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 5, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 26 October 1998 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135837, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 5, station 2, 0.6304°S, 76.1443°W, 209m, 2 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139104, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 6, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 5 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135886, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 7, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 5 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135815, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 7, station 3, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 6 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135876, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 8, station 4, 0.6278°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 6 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135842, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 5, station 7, 0.6304°S, 76.1443°W, 209m, 7 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135817, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 2, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 7 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135914, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 6, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 7 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135894, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 6, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 8 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135852, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 2, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 218m, 9 February 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135858, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 3, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 21 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135918, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 5, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 22 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP135901, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 6, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 22 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137694, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 8, 0.6232°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 23 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139521, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 9, 0.6287°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 24 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137754, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 3, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 25 October 1999 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP137758, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 8, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 28 September 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139152, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 28 September 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139160, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 4, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 28 September 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139154, ADP139142, ADP139144, males), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 5, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139162, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 4, station 6, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 208m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139158, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 5, station 3, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139136, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 1, 0.6304°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139126, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 3, 0.6304°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139092, ADP139164, females), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 5, 0.6295°S, 76.1443°W, 199m, 1 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139130, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 3, 0.6316°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 2 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139122, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 5, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 2 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139146, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 6, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 2 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139094, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 6, station 1, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214 m, 2 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139096, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 10, 0.6330°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 4 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139148, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 4, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 4 October 2000 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139156, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 4, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 16 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139114, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 2, station 2, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 197m, 16 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139110, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 7, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 17 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139116, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 8, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 17 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139102, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 9, 0.6268°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 17 February 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139120, male, ADP139118, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 2, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 19 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139463, female), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 3, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 19 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139469, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 1, station 8, 0.6342°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 19 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139106, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 1, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 20 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139523, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 3, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 20 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139465, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 9, station 7, 0.6269°S, 76.1443°W, 203m, 20 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139467, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 10, station 4, 0.6262°S, 76.1443°W, 214m, 20 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139525, male), Erwin Harpia Plot: transect 3, station 1, 0.6332°S, 76.1443°W, 207m, 24 July 2001 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP139461, male); Sucumbíos, Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 12-22 February 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006158, female) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 22 February - 4 March 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006156) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 4-14 March 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006112, ADP006131, ADP006155, females) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 14-24 March 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006114, ADP006154, females) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 3-13 April 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006137, male, ADP006128, ADP006136, females) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 13-23 April 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006151, male, ADP006152, female) Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 23 April - 4 May 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006129, ADP006134, males, ADP006113, ADP006135, female), 13-25 July 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006115, male, ADP006153, female), 3-16 August 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006157, male), 20-30 September 1994 (P Hibbs)(SEMC: ADP006130, ADP006150, females), Río Napo, Sacha Lodge, Pilchicocha, 0.472°S, 76.459°W, 228m, 3-16 August 1994, P Hibbs, SEMC, 006138, female paratype) Limoncocha National Biological Reserve, Limoncocha, 0.4069°S, 76.6134°W, 235m, 11 June 1977 (PJ Spangler, D.R Givens)( NMNH: ADP005800, female). French Guiana, Cayenne, Mont Itoupe, placette, 3.0220°N, 53.0947°W, 600m, 26 November 2014 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP148089, female),16 January 2016 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP148830, ADP148831, females), 800m, 2 December 2014 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP148201, female); Commune de Roura, Montagne des Chevaux, 4.7127°N, 52.3966°W, 90, 3 January 2010 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP128009, female), 3 January 2015 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP148090, female), 1 August 2015 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP148101, male), 15 km west, Regina, Petit Montagne Tortue, 4.3204°N, 52.2404°W, 94m, 10 June 2010 (G Lamarre)( NMNH: ADP130780, male), Region de Saul, Commune de Saul, Belvedere de Saul, 3.6223°N, 53.2159°W, 283-325m, 5 February 2010 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP130778, female), 9 September 2010 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP130777, female), 14 February 2011 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP134141, male), 11 December 2012 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP134138, male), 16 January 2013 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP134136, male, ADP134139, female), 6 February 2013 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP134140, female) Region de Saul, Commune de Saul, Belvedere de Saul (point de vue), 3.6223°N, 53.2159°W, 283-325m, 19 August 2010 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP130779, female), 7 March 2011 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP135284, female), 11 December 2012 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP134137, female), Camp Inselberg, Nouragues, Commune de Regina, 4.0334°N, 52.6786°W, 411m, 5 September 2013 (S Brule, PH Dalens, E Poirier)( NMNH: ADP147737, female). Perú, Junin, Satipo, 11.265°S, 74.634°W, 865m, July 1941 (A. Maller)(AMNH: ADP007287, male paratype); Loreto, Rio Napo, ACEER, Rio Sucusari, 3.2601°S, 72.9161°W, 100m, 3 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP052156, male, ADP052134, female), 15 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP052729, female), 11 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP051235, male, ADP052671, female), 15 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP052704, ADP052730, females), ACEER-Explonapo Camp, Rio Sucusari, 3.2601°S, 72.9161°W, 100m, 3 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP052134, female), 6 June 1992 (TL Erwin, E Pfuno S, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP053140, male), Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve, Río Samiria, Cocha Shinguito, 5.1775°S, 76.6556°W, 112m, 26 May 1990 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP067108, male, ADP067084, female), 27 May 1990 (D. Silva)( NMNH: ADP007573, female), 20 June 1990 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP092866, male, ADP066883, ADP066937, females), 27 August 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue, et al.)( NMNH: ADP050386, female), Río Samiria (South Branch), Camp Terry, 5.6951°S, 75.2243°W, 129m, 14 May 1990 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP093061, male, ADP093060, female), 1 km E Hamburgo, Boca del Ingles Camp, 0.5226°S, 75.1192°W, 125m, 20 August 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP070664, female), 1.5 km N Teniente Lopez, 2.3566°S, 76.0692°W, 210-240m, 22 July 1993 (R Leschen)(SEMC: ADP007288, female), nr. Iquitos, Porvenir, 3.8918°S, 73.5603°W, 24 June 2011 (G. Lamarre)( NMNH: ADP135887, ADP135889, males), nr. Requena, Jenaro Herrera, 4.900°S, 73.6303°W, 1 August 2011 (G. Lamarre)( NMNH: ADP135885, male); Madre de Dios, Reserva Nacional Tambopata, 30 km (air) SW, Pto. Maldonado, Explorer’s Inn, 12.8364°S, 69.2936°W, 209m, 11-15 November 1979 (JB Heppner, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007286, female), 28 February 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007269, male, ADP007270, female), 9 March 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007271, male), 4 May 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007265, female), 10 May 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007248, male), 6 September 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007267, female), 10 September 1984 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007249, female), Manu Reserved Zone, Río Manu, BIOLAT Biological Station, Pakitza, 11.9446°S, 71.2831°W, 356m, 7 September 1988 (TL Erwin ( NMNH: ADP007488, male), 2 September 1989 (TL Erwin, BD Farrell)( NMNH: ADP007487, male), 18 September 1988 (TL Erwin, BD Farrell)( NMNH: ADP007489, male), 19-23 September 1989 (N Adams)( NMNH: ADP007508, female), 22 September 1989 (TL Erwin ( NMNH: ADP007446, female), 11 October 1989 (TL Erwin, GP Servat)( NMNH: ADP007485, female), 20 September 1991 (TL Erwin)( NMNH: ADP007403, male, ADP007418, female), 21 September 1991 (TL Erwin, et al.)( NMNH: ADP007464, female), 22 September 1991 (TL Erwin ( NMNH: ADP007463, ADP007469, males), 26 September 1991 (TL Erwin ( NMNH: ADP007381, ADP007335, males), 28 September 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP007422, male), 30 September 1991 (TL Erwin ( NMNH: ADP007424, ADP007309, ADP007330, ADP007396, ADP007400, ADP007425, males), 2 October 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP007397, female), 4 October 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP007462, male), 16 October 1991 (TL Erwin, MG Pogue)( NMNH: ADP007419, ADP007420, males), 13-18 February 1992 (B Brown, D Feener)( NMNH: ADP007510, female), 4-9 March 1992, (B Brown, D Feener)( NMNH: ADP007509, female), 22 June 1993 (TL Erwin, F Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP007465, ADP007468, males), 23 June 1993 (TL Erwin, F. Pfuno S)( NMNH: ADP007491, male, ADP007490, ADP007506, ADP007467, females). Suriname, Brokopondo, Phedra, 5.232°N, 55.050°W, 8m, 1-7 November 1964 (DC Geijskes)(NBCL: ADP005804, male),

Geographic distribution.

(Fig. 11). This species is currently known from the type locality in the Amazonian lowlands near Tefé, Brazil, and in Brazil - Amazonas, Pará, Goias; Colombia; Ecuador; French Guiana; Perú; Suriname.

Notes.

Reichardt (1971, 1973) reported the following additional specimens that we did not see: Brazil - Amazonas: Manaus (13 exs. MZSP), Maturacá, alto Rio Cauaburi (2 exs. MZSP), São Paulo de Olivença (1 ex. MZSP), Tefé (2 exs. MNHP), Titirico (1 ex. FAUCV); Pará: Belém (1 ex. MNHP, 1 ex. MZSP), Icoraci (l ex. MNHP). Goias: Jatar (1 ex. MNHP), Rio Verde (1 ex. MNHP). Perú - Loreto: Chambiruyaca, near Yurimaguas (1 ex. MNHP), Pebas (2 exs. MNHP).