Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus Newport, 1844

Zapparoli, Marzio & Iorio, Etienne, 2012, The centipedes (Chilopoda) of Corsica: catalogue of species with faunistic, zoogeographical and ecological remarks, International Journal of Myriapodology 7, pp. 15-68: 22

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/ijm.7.3110

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scientific name

Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus Newport, 1844
status

 

6. Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus Newport, 1844 

Lithobius castaneus  Newport: Léger and Duboscq 1903: 309. (1)

Lithobius castaneus  Newp.: Verhoeff 1925a: 656. (2)

Lithobius castaneus  : Brölemann 1926: 231. (3)

Lithobius castaneus  Newp.: Verhoeff 1926: 271. (4)

Lithobius castaneus  Newport, 1844: Brölemann 1930: 311, figs 439-441. (5)

Lithobius castaneus remyi  Verhoeff 1943: 15, fig. 19. (6)

Lithobius castaneus  Newp.: Attems 1949: 114. (7)

Lithobius castaneus remyi  Verh.: Manfredi 1956: 292. (8)

Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus  Newport, 1844: Minelli 1978: 154. (9)

Lithobius castaneus  Newport, 1844: Demange 1981: 256. (10)

Lithobius castaneus  Newport, 1844: Foddai et al. 1996: 360, Tab. I. (11)

Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus  Newport, 1844: Geoffroy and Iorio 2009: 675. (12)

Lithobius (Lithobius) castaneus  Newport, 1844: Iorio 2010b: 42, 75, 95, fig. 61. (13)

Literature records.

General. Sardinia-Corsica (9). Corsica (2, 3, 5, 7, 10, 11, 12, 13). Epigeic. Corse-du-Sud, 2A - Bastelica, Val d’Ese, 1671 m, Fagus sylvatica  (13) [III]. Between Bastelica and Mount Renoso, 1200 m, Quercetum  (13) [II]. Piana, Aitone forest (4) [II]. Haute-Corse, 2B - Corte (1) [I]. Valdoniella [= Valdu Niellu], 1000-1100 m (6, loc. typ. of Lithobius castaneus remyi  Verhoeff, 1943) [III]. Vivario, 600 m (13) [I]. Vizzavona (1) [III]. Cave. Haute-Corse, 2B - [Castiglione], cave of [A] Leccia Torta, [670 m] (8) [I].

Material examined.

Epigeic. Corse-du-Sud, 2A - Evisa, falls of Aitone, Pinus laricio  wood, 900 m: 17.IV.2004, MZ, 2 ♂♂, 1 imm. MZ det. (CMZ) [II]. Evisa, falls of Aitone, 1000 m: 3.VIII.1997, MZ, 1 ex MZ det. (CMZ) [II]. Haute-Corse, 2B - Asco River valley, 1000 m: 6.VIII.1997, MZ, 1 ♀ imm. MZ det. (CMZ) [II]. Col de Vergiu, eastern slope, 1150 m: 15.IV.2004, MZ, 4 ♂♂, 2 ♀♀ MZ det. (CMZ) [III]. Corte, Restonica Valley, Pinus laricio  wood,950-1000 m: 15.IV.2004, MZ, 6 ♂♂, 5 ♂♂ imm., 2 ♀♀, 3 ♀♀ imm. MZ det. (CMZ) [II]. Mount Rotondo, NW slope, Vallone loc. Rinoso, 1800-2200 m: 26.VII.1982, AVT, 2 exx MZ det. (CMZ) [IV]. Olmi-Cappella, near the cemetery: 20.XI.2010, JR-JML, 1 ♂ EI det. (CEI) [II]. Vizzavona, Fagus sylvatica  wood, 1600 m: 2.IV.1991, RA, 1 ex MZ det. (CMZ) [III]. Vizzavona: VII.1915, EB, 9 exx MZ det. (CMZ) [III]. Cave. Haute-Corse, 2B - Castiglione, cave of A Leccia Torta, [670 m]: 2010, JR-JML, 1 ♂ EI det. (CEI) [I].

General distribution.

Europe: Austria (south), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, France (Pyrenees, Alpes Maritimes, Corsica), Italy (mainland, Sicily, Sardinia), Malta, Portugal (mainland), Serbia, Slovenia, Spain (mainland); records from Bulgaria require confirmation; North Africa: Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia; Central America: Guatemala (introduced, established?).

Chorotype.

S-European.

Ecological notes.

600-2200 m, inferior altitudinal limit probably lower; woodland species recorded from localities in all vegetation belts except the Alpine, in Pinus laricio  woods (2 sites), Fagus sylvatica  woods (2 sites) and in Quercus  woods (1 site); also in caves (1 record). See Rémy (1950), Manfredi (1956), Iorio (2010b).

Remarks.

To this species refers the generic quotation of “Chilopodes” published in Rémy (1950: 26) from the cave of A Leccia Torta (collection date 1948) later published as Lithobius castaneus remyi  by Manfredi (1956).