Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) kokoda , Kohout, R. J., 2007

Kohout, R. J., 2007, Revision of the subgenus Aulacomyrma Emery of the genus Polyrhachis F. Smith, with descriptions of new species., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 186-253: 226-227

publication ID

21282

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/14E18B9A-55A3-7CF2-DD9C-0D388C02DC37

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) kokoda
status

new species

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) kokoda  HNS  , new species

Figures 74, 77, 80

TYPE MATERIAL

HOLOTYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Northern Prov., Kokoda , 9. iii. 1972, P. M. Room # 250 (worker). PARATYPES: data as for holotype (1 worker)  ; Oivi Ridge , Kokoda Rd, 1200 ft, rf., 18. i. 1971, B. B. Lowery (1 worker). Type distribution: holotype in ANIC; 1 paratype each in MCZC and QMBA  .

WORKER

Dimensions: TL c. 4.64 - 5.09 (4.79); HL 1.22 - 1.31 (1.31); HW 1.00 - 1.06 (1.03); CI 79 - 82 (79); SL 1.36 - 1.43 (1.43); SI 135 - 139 (139); PW 0.97 - 1.03 (1.00); MTL 1.31 - 1.40 (1.37) (3 measured).

Clypeus with anterior margin medially truncate or very shallowly emarginate; median longitudinal carina weakly elevated posteriorly before descending towards shallowly impressed basal margin. Frontal carinae sinuate, with rather short, laminate, anteriorly truncate lobes. Sides of head in front of eyes convex; narrowed behind into convex preoccipital margin. Eyes strongly convex, clearly breaking cephalic outline in full face view. Mesosoma immarginate, dorsum sloping onto sides and propodeal declivity in unbroken curve. Pronotal dorsum very strongly raised anteriorly, convex in profile. Pronotal humeri armed with acute, rather long, downward curved spines; bases broad, margins raised. Promesonotal suture distinct; metanotal groove lacking. Petiole with both faces convex and dorsal margin somewhat angular; lateral spines short, curved backwards. Anterior face of first gastral segment convex.

Mandibles distinctly, longitudinally striate. Sculpture of head, mesosoma and petiole consisting of regularly spaced, rather smooth and glossy striae. Head with longitudinal, mostly anteriorly converging striae; clypeal striae terminating just short of anterior margin. Striae on mesosomal dorsum forming an imperfect elliptical pattern, divided in half by promesonotal suture; outermost striae continued obliquely onto sides and posteriorly extending onto propodeal declivity. Petiole with tranverse, dorsally arched striae on anterior face; inversely V-shaped on posterior face and converging upwards towards dorsal margin. Gaster finely, microscopically, shagreened.

Abundant, long, mostly erect or curved, golden hairs on most of body and appendages, hairs reaching greatest diameter of eyes in length, distinctly shorter on antennal scapes and along dorsal margin of petiole. Propodeal declivity with patch of very short, somewhat dorsally curved, off-white hairs. Appressed, golden pubescence very sparse on dorsum of head and mesosoma; more distinct on pronotal dorsum, forming V-shaped patch running from pronotal spines across the segment, and posteriorly towards propodeal declivity. Thin covering of mostly white or silvery pubescence on sides of mesosoma, coxae, appendages and posterior margins of gastral segments; pubescence most abundant and distinctly reddish on gastral dorsum, somewhat obscuring underlying sculpture.

Black, masticatory margins of mandibles, antennal scapes and most of legs medium to dark reddish-brown. Trochanters and basal femora distinctly yellow.

Sexuals and immature stages unknown.

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL EXAMINED

PAPUA NEW GUINEA: Catalina Estate, 48 km N of Port Moresby , 09 º 27 ’ S, 147 º 09 ’ E, 500 m, 3. ix. 1959 (T. C. Maa) (w)GoogleMaps  .

ETYMOLOGY

Named after the type locality, Kokoda village, situated on the northern rim of the Owen Stanley Ranges in the Northern Province of Papua New Guinea.

REMARKS

P. kokoda  HNS  is superficially similar to P. mamba  HNS  described below, with both species evidently sympatric. The paratype of kokoda was collected together with a mamba queen at the same locality at Oivi Ridge and they were subsequently mounted on the same pin. Both species share the somewhat elliptical striation of the mesosomal dorsum but there the similarity ends. They differ in numerous characters, including the shape of the eyes, which in kokoda are strongly convex and clearly project beyond the lateral outline of the head. In contrast the eyes in mamba are virtually flat and sunk into a shallow concavity in the cephalic sculpture and they do not break the cephalic outline in full face view. In lateral view the outline of the mesosoma in kokoda features a strongly convex pronotal dorsum and the propodeal dorsum descends into the declivity in an uninterrupted curve. In mamba the pronotum is flatter and the propodeal dorsum descends abruptly into a rather short, vertical declivity. The dorsum of the petiole has an acute margin in kokoda, while it is bluntly rounded in mamba. The first gastral segment of kokoda is finely shagreened in contrast to mamba, where its sides are distinctly, longitudinally striate. The pubescence on the head and body is golden in kokoda, with a distinct reddish tint on the gastral dorsum, while in mamba the pubescence is uniformly greyish or white.

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

ANIC

Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Canberra City, CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum

QMBA

Australia, Queensland, South Brisbane, Queensland Museum