Crucisternum escalera , Giron, Jennifer C. & Short, Andrew Edward Z., 2018

Giron, Jennifer C. & Short, Andrew Edward Z., 2018, Three new genera of acidocerine water scavenger beetles from tropical South America (Coleoptera, Hydrophilidae, Acidocerinae), ZooKeys 768, pp. 113-158: 116-117

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scientific name

Crucisternum escalera

sp. n.

Crucisternum escalera  sp. n. Figs 1 A–D; 6I; 7; 8E, F

Type material examined.

Holotype (male): "VENEZUELA: Bolívar State/ 6°2'10.5"N, 61°23'57.8"W, 630 m/ Along La Escalera; 31.vii.2008/ leg. A. Short, M. García, L. Joly/ AS-08-058; rocky stream" // "Barcode/ SM00828756/ KUNHM-ENT" ( MIZA). Paratypes (2): Same data as holotype ( SEMC, 2).

Differential diagnosis.

Crucisternum escalera  is very similar to C. sinuatus  and C. xingu  in the shallowness of the punctation and the uniform coloration along the body. It shares with C. sinuatus  the shape of the median lobe (constricted at midlength, continuing as a narrow and roundly pointed bar, see Fig. 6 G–I), but can be distinguished from it by the outer margins of the parameres, which are widely curved, to at most slightly sinuate (see Fig. 6I; as opposed to strongly constricted near midlength, Fig. 6G, H).


Body length 2.1-2.2 mm, width 1.1-1.2 mm. General coloration uniformly orange brown (Fig. 1 A–D). Elytra with punctures shallowly marked. Aedeagus (Fig. 6I) with outer margins of parameres widely curved, at most slightly sinuated; median lobe strongly constricted near midlength, continuing as a narrow and roundly pointed bar; gonopore located at midlength of narrow apical half of median lobe.


Noun in apposition. Named after the type locality of "La Escalera", which is the road that ascends from lowlands to the high-elevation plateau known as the "Gran Sabana".


Venezuela ( Bolívar). Collected at 630 m in elevation. See Fig. 7.


The only known series of this species was collected along the margin of a densely forested rocky stream. See Fig. 8E, F.