Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775),

Andréfouët, Serge, Chen, Wei-Jen, Kinch, Jeff, Mana, Ralph, Russell, Barry C., Tully, Dean & White, William T., 2019, Checklist of the marine and estuarine fishes of New Ireland Province, Papua New Guinea, western Pacific Ocean, with 810 new records, Zootaxa 4588 (1), pp. 1-360: 84

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Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)


Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)  —Bloodspot squirrelfish ( Fig. 27View FIGURE 27)

Status at New Ireland. First recorded from St. Mathias as Holocentrum sammara  by Duncker & Mohr (1929: 71), based on ZMH 11999View Materials, record confimed by Kotlyar (1998: 205). A specimen photographed at Lissenung Island, Kavieng District, 5 m depth, by Dean Tully on 6 July 2011; a video of a specimen taken in Alexander Passage, southeast of New Hanover, at 5–14 m depth, St. KR96, in 2014 (identified by Barry C. Russell).

Distribution and habitat. New Ireland: 1, 2, 4.—General distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to Western Australia at 20°33'S, Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa. Found in seagrass beds and hard bottom habitats on lagoon and seaward coral and rocky reefs, often associated with branching Acropora  coral, 0–46 m depth. Marine.