Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus ( Keyserling, 1891 )

Huber, Bernhard A., 2018, The South American spider genera Mesabolivar and Carapoia (Araneae, Pholcidae): new species and a framework for redrawing generic limits, Zootaxa 4395 (1), pp. 1-178: 59-60

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Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus ( Keyserling, 1891 )


Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus ( Keyserling, 1891) 

Figs 148–149View FIGURES 138–149, 227–232View FIGURES 227–240, 250View FIGURES241–252

Pholcus  cyaneo-maculatus Keyserling, 1891: 173, pl. 5, figs 119 a –d (♂♀, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro).

Blechroscelis  cyaneo-maculatus/-a: Moenkhaus 1898: 100 –101. Mello-Leitão 1918: 107–108, figs 22–23. (Both authors just translated Keyserling’s original description, Mello-Leitão also copied Keyserling’s figures; both without adding new data).

Psilochorus cyaneomaculatus: Mello-Leitão 1947c: 2  (Brazil: Minas Gerais).

Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus: Huber 2000: 210  , figs 811–819 (Brazil: Rio de Janeiro). Machado 2007: 81 (Brazil: Minas Gerais, São Paulo). Huber & Rheims 2011: 281 (Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo).

Probable and certain misidentifications (see Notes below)

Psilochorus cyaneomaculatus: Mello-Leitão 1943: 155  (Brazil: Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul). Blechroscelis  cyaneo-maculatus: Mello-Leitão 1947b: 233 (Brazil: Paraná). Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus: Huber 2015: 57  (Brazil: Espírito Santo).

Notes. I have not seen Mello-Leitão’s (1943, 1947b) specimens from Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, and Pernambuco, but consider these records dubious. Extensive recent collections along the entire Brazilian Atlantic Forest from Rio Grande do Sul to Rio Grande do Norte do not include M. cyaneomaculatus  outside Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states. In particular, Rio Grande do Sul and Pernambuco are far from the confirmed range of this species. The Paraná records might be valid but need confirmation. The Minas Gerais record in Mello-Leitão (1947c) receives some support from Machado’s (2007) record from this state. Finally, my own previous record from Espírito Santo (Huber 2015) is based on two females (ZFMK, Ar 19073, Br10-83) that are very similar to M. cyaneomaculatus  but have lower epigynal processes in a more anterior position; they probably represent a different, undescribed species.

Diagnosis. Distinguished from most known congeners by armature of male chelicerae (Huber 2000: fig. 812; one pair of frontal apophyses near median line), shape of procursus (Huber 2000: figs 813–816, Figs 227–229View FIGURES 227–240; widely curved, distinctive distal structures), and shape of epigynum (Huber 2000: figs 817–818, Figs 230–232View FIGURES 227–240; trapezoidal anterior plate with pair of apophyses and median pocket); from the very similar M. claricae  by longer and more slender procursus with different distal elements (compare Figs 227–229 and 233–235View FIGURES 227–240), and by larger epigynum (width>0.9, vs. <0.8 in M. claricae  ) with anterior pair of low humps (compare Figs 230–232 and 236– 237View FIGURES 227–240).

Type material. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: 1♂ 1♀ syntypes, BMNH (1890.7.1.8325–7), Rio de Janeiro City(?), no further locality data, leg. E.A. Göldi, examined (Huber 2000).

New records. BRAZIL: Rio de Janeiro: 6♂ 3♀ 1 juv., ZFMK (Ar 19074–77), ~ 4 km NW Penedo (22°24.5’S, 44°33.0’–33.4’W), forest along river, 700–770 m a.s.l., 14–16.viii.2007 (B.A. Huber)  ; 1♂ 1♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 07/100-6, Br 07/100-43), same data  . 4♂ 1♀, ZFMK (Ar 19078), Cachoeira da Pedra Branca near Paraty (23°11.8’S, 44°46.0’W), forest near river, ~ 230 m a.s.l., 22.viii.2007 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  . 1♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 09-107), Reserva Ecológica Rio das Pedras (22°59.5’S, 44°06.0’–06.8’W), 50–200 m a.s.l., 25–26.ix.2009 (B.A. Huber)  . 1♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (G007), Itatiaia [22.45°S, 44.59°W], 8– (H. Japyassú).GoogleMaps 

São Paulo: 3♂ 4♀ 3 juvs, ZFMK (Ar 19079), Paranapiacaba, Estação Biológica do Alto da Serra (23°46.7’S, 46°18.6’W) 14–15.xii.2003 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  ; 2♂ 2♀ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 03/100-21), same dataGoogleMaps  . 3♀, ZFMK ( Ar 19080), Ubatuba, Fazenda Angelim (22°36.9’S, 52°17.9’W), 16–18.xii.2003 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  . 1♂, ZFMK (Ar 19081), São Paulo, Parque Estadual de Cantareira (23.417°S, 46.617°W), 20.xii.2003 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  ; 1♂ in pure ethanol, ZFMK (Br 03/100-14a), same dataGoogleMaps  .

Description (amendments; see Huber 2000). Tibia 1 in nine newly examined males: 13.1–17.7 (mean 15.6); in 11 newly examined females: 10.4–13.7 (mean 12.2). Male tibia 2/tibia 4 length (N=2): 1.05, 1.08. Femora 2 and 3 in some males much wider than other femora, in others barely wider. Prolateral trichobothrium present on tibia 1. Epigynal processes slightly variable (in lateral view; Figs 231–232View FIGURES 227–240).

Natural history. The spiders were found in large sheltered spaces among rocks and logs, also under bridges. They built rather flat webs that seemed to have no or a very limited tangle of lines above the sheet. During the day, the spiders sat on the rock or log; when disturbed, they ran into the web and started swinging with large amplitude and high frequency.

Distribution. Widely distributed in the Brazilian states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, and Minas Gerais, possibly ranging into Paraná state ( Fig. 729View FIGURES726–729).


Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig














Mesabolivar cyaneomaculatus ( Keyserling, 1891 )

Huber, Bernhard A. 2018


Keyserling, 1891 : 173


Moenkhaus 1898 : 100

Psilochorus cyaneomaculatus: Mello-Leitão 1947c : 2

Mello-Leitão 1947c : 2

Psilochorus cyaneomaculatus: Mello-Leitão 1943 : 155

Mello-Leitão 1943 : 155
Mello-Leitão 1947b : 233