ATHETINA

Leschen, Richard A. B. & Newton, Alfred F., 2015, Checklist and type designations of New Zealand Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), Zootaxa 4028 (3), pp. 301-353: 305-312

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http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4028.3.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:10D1874C-8E75-4330-8FCC-C744B58563DC

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/174B87D8-FFED-356E-FF7C-F93356C0FE95

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scientific name

ATHETINA
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ATHETINA  Casey 1910

Acrotona Thomson 1859 

Acrotona Thomson 1859: 38  . Type species: Aleochara aterrima Gravenhorst, 1802  , by original designation; ICZN (1961), Opinion 600.

Notes: There are 347 valid species of Acrotona  distributed worldwide, with two species apparently adventive in New Zealand.

Acrotona aterrima ( Gravenhorst 1802) 

Aleochara aterrima Gravenhorst 1802: 83  . Type locality: [Brunswick, Germany]. Type depository: ZMHB? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Hammond ms in NZACAbout NZAC (identification with "?"). Distribution: Europe, Algeria, Russia (European, Siberia), Georgia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Korea; New Zealand (intro).

Acrotona lugensides Newton 2015 

Acrotona lugensides Newton 2015: 9  (replacement name for Homalota lugens Motschulsky 1858: 257  ). Note: as valid species (as lugens  ), not synonym of fungi, Smetana (2004)  ; as adventive in New Zealand (as lugens  ), Maddison (2010). Distribution: Indies orientales; intro New Zealand ( NZ (intro)).

= Homalota lugens  Motschulsky 1858: 257 (preoccupied, not Homalota lugens Kiesenwetter 1844  (JPH; JSH in Acrotona  )). Type locality: Indes orientales. Type depository: ZMUMAbout ZMUM? #? ST.

Amischa Thomson 1858 

Amischa Thomson 1858: 33  . Type species: Aleochara analis Gravenhorst, 1802  , by monotypy. Notes: There are 60 valid species of Amischa  worldwide, with three adventive in New Zealand.

Amischa analis ( Gravenhorst 1802) 

Aleochara analis Gravenhorst 1802: 76  . Type locality: Brunsuiga [Brunswick, Germany]. Type depository: ZMHB? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Kuschel (1990), Emberson (1998); redescription, Klimaszewski et al. (2011). Distribution: Europe, Russia (European to Far East), Georgia, Turkey, Iran, Algeria, Tunisia, Azores, Madeira, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan; intro Canada, USA, Australia, New Zealand, Chatham Is. (AK; MC,NO,SO, CH (intro)).

Amischa decipiens ( Sharp 1869) 

Homalota decipiens Sharp 1869: 179  . Type locality: England: Chatham; Weymouth; Southend; Hammersmith; Charlton. Type depository: BMNH? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Kuschel 1990, Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997). Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Tunisia, Canary Is., Madeira; intro. New Zealand (AK,WN; MC (intro)).

Amischa nigrofusca ( Stephens 1832) 

Aleochara nigrofusca Stephens 1832: 129  (attributed to Kirby MSS). Type locality: Holme-juxta-mare, in Norfolk [ England]. Type depository: BMNH? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997). Distribution: Europe, Russia (n European), Turkey, Algeria, Tunisia, Madeira, Kazakhstan; intro. New Zealand (MC (intro)).

Atheta Thomson 1858 

Atheta Thomson 1858: 36  (without species). Type species: Aleochara graminicola Gravenhorst, 1806  , designated by Thomson (1859: 39); ICZN (1961), Opinion 600.

subgenus Alaobia Thomson 1858: 36  . Type species: Homalota ochracea Erichson, 1837  (= Atheta scapularis (Sahlberg, C.R., 1831 ))  , by monotypy.

subgenus Microdota Mulsant & Rey 1873 a: 160  (without description). Type species: Microdota sericea Mulsant & Rey, 1873  (= Atheta amicula (Stephens, 1832 ))  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 244).

subgenus Ceritaxa Mulsant & Rey 1873 a: 164  (without description). Type species: Ceritaxa spissata Mulsant & Rey, 1873  (= Atheta dilaticornis (Kraatz, 1856 ))  , by monotypy.

subgenus Datomicra Mulsant & Rey 1873 b: 355  . Type species: Homalota celata Erichson, 1837  , designated by Fenyes (1918: 22).

subgenus Oreostiba Ganglbauer 1895: 219  . Type species: Homalota tibialis Heer, 1839  , designated by Fenyes (1918: 24).

subgenus Dimetrotina Casey 1911: 143  . Type species: Dimetrota vaniuscula Casey, 1911  , by monotypy.

Notes: There are about 1700 valid species of Atheta  worldwide, placed in nearly 90 subgenera, but some of these subgenera are considered separate genera by some authors while other athetine genera (e.g., Acrotona  and Philhygra  ) are sometimes treated as subgenera of Atheta  , so these numbers and the generic/subgeneric concepts are variable. Currently 10 species have been reported from New Zealand, five of them adventive.

Atheta (Microdota) amicula ( Stephens 1832) 

Aleochara amicula Stephens 1832: 132  (attributed to Kirby MSS). Type locality: Suffolk [ England]. Type depository: BMNH? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Kuschel (1990), Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997); redescription, Klimaszewski et al. (2011). Distribution: Europe, northern Africa, Canary Is., Madeira, Azores, Russia (European, Siberia), Turkey, Israel, Korea, China; intro Canada, USA, Mexico, Chile, New Zealand, Campbell I. (AK,TO; MC,CA (intro)).

Remarks. Type material of Atheta (Atheta) cottieri  , A. (Acrotona) muggeridgei  and A. (Acrotona) zealandica 

(synonym of A. pasadenae  ) are externally similar and share the same locality labels. Specimens from this series

contained in the NZACAbout NZAC were placed under the name A. amicula  by Willy Kuschel.

Atheta (Atheta) brouni Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926 

Atheta (Atheta) Brouni Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926: 639  (new name for Gyrophaena atriceps Broun 1880: 89  ). Note: AK (as atriceps  ), Kuschel (1990); MC (as atriceps  ), Bowie et al. (2003). Distribution: New Zealand (AK,ND; MC).

= Gyrophaena atriceps  Broun 1880: 89 (preoccupied, not Stephens 1832 (JSH in Atheta  ); not now congeneric but replaced before 1961 and replacement name in use). Type locality: vicinity of Whangarei Harbour. Type depository: BMNH LT ♂ (des. Klimaszewski et al. 2003: 125)

Atheta (Atheta) cottieri Cameron 1945 

Atheta (Atheta) cottieri Cameron 1945: 166  . Type locality: New Zealand: Palmerston. Type depository: BMNH HT. Note: Kuschel (1990), as intro (origin unknown). Distribution: New Zealand (WI).

Remarks. Cameron based his description on a single specimen that we have confirmed as the Holotype. See

comment under A. amicula  .

Type material examined. Holotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // from dry rot

lesions on swede Palmerston North New Zealand. W. Cottier. Feb 1930 [in Cameron’s hand] // Brit. Mus. 1946 - 60

[in Cameron’s hand] // Atheta  (s. str) cotteri TYPE Cam. [in Cameron’s hand, “ type ” written in red ink] // cotteri

Cam. i.l. B.M. N. Zeal.”.

Atheta kingorum Klimaszewski & Marris 2003 

Atheta kingorum Klimaszewski & Marris 2003: 124  . Type locality: Three Kings Is. N[ew] Z[ealand]: Great I., Castaway Valley. Type depository: NZACAbout NZAC HT ♂, 17 PT. Distribution: New Zealand (TH (Great I.)).

Atheta (Oreostiba) maruiana Cameron 1950 

Atheta (Oreostiba) maruiana Cameron 1950: 24  . Type locality: Westland: Maruia Springs, South Island. Type depository: BMNH LT; NZACAbout NZAC 6 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (BR).

Remarks. Cameron did not indicate the number of specimens he examined to name this species. One specimen

was located in the BMNH and several in the NZACAbout NZAC, two of which were placed under the combination “ Amriathaea 

antipoda ( Bernhauer 1943)” by Kuschel. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype and six paralectotypes are here

designated for the specimens of Atheta (Oreostiba) maruiana  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “SYN-TYPE [round label with powder blue border]

// Westland N. Zealand Maruia Springs IX. 1948 [in Cameron’s hand] // A (Oreostiba) maruiana Cam.  TYPE [in

Cameron’s hand, “ type ” written in red ink] // Atheta  maruana Cam [in Bacchus’ hand] M. E. Bacchus det 1971

SYNTYPE // M. Cameron. Bequest. B.M. 1955 - 147.”. Paralectotypes ( NZACAbout NZAC): 4 card-mounted (2 on one card,

another card that has one specimen but with 2 specimens missing), “Maruia Springs Westland South Is. N. Z.[in

Brookes’ hand] // coll. Brookes Sept. 1948. [in Brookes’ hand] // taken from leaf-mould [in Brookes’ hand] //

Atheta  . (Oreostiba) maruiana Cameron.  [in Brookes’ hand] // Paratype [in Cameron’s? hand, pink underline] // A.

E. Brookes Collection // Paratype [dark blue label]; 2 (card-mounted on same card), “Maruia Springs Westland

South Is. N. Z.[in Brookes’ hand] // coll. Brookes Sept. 1948. [in Brookes’ hand] // taken from leaf-mould [in

Brookes’ hand] // A (Oreostiba) maruiana Cameron.  Type [in Cameron’s hand. “ type ” in red ink] // A. E. Brookes Collection // NZACAbout NZAC specimen database record 1007110 // NZ Arthropod Collection Private Bag 92170 Auckland New Zealand NZACAbout NZAC 04065749 [barcode label]”.

Atheta (Datomicra) muggeridgei Bernhauer 1943 

Atheta (Datomicra) Muggeridgei Bernhauer 1943: 176  . Type locality: Palmerston. Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH LT, 1 PLT; BMNH 2 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (WI).

Remarks. Bernhauer did not indicate the number of specimens he examined. Four specimens labelled as types

were located in the BMNH and the FMNHAbout FMNH, and a fifth specimen in the BMNH only had an identification label

handwritten by Bernhauer that was not considered a syntype. In order to stabilize this name, a lectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH)

and three paralectotypes ( BMNH, FMNHAbout FMNH) are here designated from this material of Atheta (Datomicra) 

muggeridgei  . See comment under A. amicula  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted, “dry rot lesions on swede. Palmerston Nth. W.

Cottier 25 / 3 / 30 [in Cameron’s hand] // New Zealand Palmerston Nth 25 March 1930 [in Bernhauer’s hand] //

Muggeridgei  Bernh. Typ. Microdota  [in Bernhauer’s hand] // Muggeridgei  Brnh Typus Datomicra  [in Bernhauer’s

hand; red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging

Project [violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819065 FIELD

MUSEUM [barcode label]”. Paralectotypes: 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted, “dry rot lesions on swede. Palmerston Nth.

W. Cottier 25 / 3 / 30 [in Cameron’s hand] // Atheta Muggeridgei Brnh.  n. sp. [in Bernhauer’s hand] // Muggeridgei 

Brnh. Cotypus Datomicra  [in Bernhauer’s hand; red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection //

SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”; 1 ( BMNH): pointed, “ Type [round label

with red border] // dry rot lesion on swede. Palmerston Nth W. Cottier 25 / 1 / 30 [in Cameron’s hand] // Atheta 

Muggeridgei Brnh. n. sp. [in Bernhauer’s hand]”; 1 ( BMNH): pointed, “Co-type [round label with yellow border] /

/ dry rot lesion on swede. Palmerston Nrth W. Cottier 25 / 1 / 30 [in Cameron’s hand] // Pres. By Imp. Inst. Ent. Brit.

Mus. 1931 - 288.”.

Atheta (Datomicra) nigra ( Kraatz 1856) 

Homalota nigra Kraatz 1856: 287  . Type locality: Wohl über ganz Deutschland. Type depository: SDEI? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997). Distribution: Europe, Russia (European), Turkey, Azores, Canary Is., Korea, China (Yunnan); intro. New Zealand (MC (intro)); intro. Canada (Klimaszewski et al. 2015).

Atheta (Dimetrotina) pasadenae Bernhauer 1906 

Atheta (Acrotona) pasadenae Bernhauer 1906: 338  . Type locality: [ U.S.A.]: California: Pasadena. Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH LT ♂, 2 PLT (des. Gusarov (2015 )). Note: Species previously reported from New Zealand as Atheta zealandica  or other synonyms below: Kuschel (1990) as intro.; MC, Bowie et al. (2003); Palaearctic distribution, Assing & Schulke (2006: 112). Distribution: Inaccessible, Tristan da Cunha & Nightingale Is.,? South Africa; intro? USA (CA,NV), Chile, Juan Fernandez Is., Hawaii (Kauai), France, n Africa, Azores, Madeira, Canary Is., New Zealand (AK,MC; WI (intro)).

= Atheta (Acrotona) zealandica  Cameron 1945: 167. Type locality: New Zealand: Palmerston. Type depository: BMNH LT ♂, 1 PLT (des. Leschen in Gusarov (2015 )). Note: synonym of A. pasadenae, Gusarov (2015)  .

= Atheta (Atheta) pseudocoriaria  Bernhauer 1943: 175 (preoccupied, not Atheta pseudocoriaria Cameron 1939  (JPH)). Type locality: Nord-Insel: Palmerston; Auckland. Type depository: BMNH LT ♂, 4 PLT (des. Leschen in Gusarov (2015 )); FMNHAbout FMNH 6 PLT; NZACAbout NZAC 6 PLT. Note: implied synonym of zealandica, Cameron (1945)  , Kuschel (1990: 46).

= Atheta (Atheta) aucklandensis  Pace 1987: 436 (new name for Atheta pseudocoriaria Bernhauer 1943: 175  ).

Remarks. The species concept, synonymy, subgeneric assignment and world distribution of this species has been

revised by Gusarov (2015), who discussed additional synonyms not reported from New Zealand. Below we have

indicated 12 additional paralectotypes in FMNHAbout FMNH and NZACAbout NZAC not examined or listed by Gusarov (2015).

Type material examined. Atheta (Atheta) pseudocoriaria Bernhauer.  Paralectotypes: 6 pinned with minutens

( NZACAbout NZAC, one specimen with an identification label, “ Atheta pseudocoriaria CoType.  Bern” in unknown hand), “Co-

type [round label with yellow border] // X dry-rot swede Mr. Gibbs M. C. area Palm. Nth. N. Z. W. Cottier 25 / 6 / 31

[in unknown hand] // A [handwritten]”; 1 card-mounted ( FMNHAbout FMNH), “X dry-rot swede Mr. Gibbs M. C. area Palm.

Nth. N. Z. W. Cottier 25 / 6 / 31 [in Cameron’s hand?] // pseudocoriaria Bernh.  Typus [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819083 FIELD MUSEUM [barcode label]”; 2 ( FMNHAbout FMNH) card-mounted [1 missing abdomen]: “X dry-rot swede Mr. Gibbs M. C. area Palm. Nth. N. Z. W. Cottier 25 / 6 / 31 [in Cameron’s hand?] // A [handwritten] // pseudocoriaria Bernh. Cotypus  Atheta  s. str. [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”; 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH) card-mounted: “dry-rot lesions on swede // Palmerston Nth. W. Cottier 25 / 3 / 30 [in Cameron’s hand?] // Atheta zealandica Brnh.  n. sp. [in Bernhauer’s hand] // pseudocoriaria Bernh. Cotypus  Atheta  s. st. [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”; 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH) card-mounted: “Aucklnd N.Z [handwritten, oval red label] // Auckland. [red line] New Zealand. // Sharp Coll 1905 - 313 // Atheta pseudocoriaria Brnh.  [in Bernhauer’s hand] Bernhauer det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // pseudocoriaria Bernh. Cotypus  Atheta  s. st. [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”; 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH) card-mounted [in 3 pieces, antennae and legs missing]: “Auckland Lawson [handwritten] // Auckland, New Zealand. // 19. [handwritten] // Sharp Coll 1905 - 313 // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // pseudocoriaria Bernh. Cotypus  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”.

Atheta (Ceritaxa) splendidicollis Bernhauer 1943 

Atheta (Ceritaxa) splendidicollis Bernhauer 1943: 175  . Type locality: Nord-Insel. Type depository: BMNH LT; FMNHAbout FMNH 1 PLT (designated below). Note: as implied synonym of Atheta  (now Leptostiba  ) politula, Kuschel (1990)  . Distribution: New Zealand (NO).

Remarks. Bernhauer did not indicate the number of specimens he examined. Two specimens were hand-labelled

as types in the BMNH and FMNHAbout FMNH. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype ( BMNH) and one paralectotype

( FMNHAbout FMNH) are here designated from material of Atheta (Ceritaxa) splendidicollis  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // North Island,

N. Zealand. R. N. Parker. // G.C. Champion Coll. B.M. 1927 - 409. // Atheta  splendi-collis [sic] Brnh. Typus [in

Bernhauer’s hand] M. Bernhauer det. //”. Paralectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted, “North Island, N. Zealand. R. N.

Parker. // G.C. Champion Coll. B.M. 1927 - 409. // Atheta splendidicollis Brh. Typ.  [in Bernhauer’s hand] Bernhauer

det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // splendidicollis Brnh.  Typus Ceritaxa  . [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] //

Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label] /

/ Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819077 FIELD MUSEUM [barcode

label]”.

Atheta (Alaobia) trinotata ( Kraatz 1856) 

Homalota trinotata Kraatz 1856: 272  (should be protected over 2 senior names, teste Smetana (2004: 33 )). Type locality: [no locality cited; Deutschland implied]. Type depository: SDEI? #? ST. Note: New Zealand, Hammond ms. Distribution: Europe, Russia (European), Georgia, Ukraine, Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Canary Is., Madeira; intro. New Zealand (DN (intro)).

Brundinia Tottenham 1949 

Brundinia Tottenham 1949: 78  (new name for Metaxya Mulsant & Rey  ). Type species: Metaxya apricans Mulsant & Rey, 1873  (= Brundinia meridionalis (Mulsant & Rey, 1853 ))  , by autotypy.

= Metaxya  Mulsant & Rey 1873 a: 181 (preoccupied, not Walker 1856; without description). Type species: Metaxya apricans Mulsant & Rey, 1873  (= Brundinia meridionalis (Mulsant & Rey, 1853 ))  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 240).

Notes: Brundinia  includes 18 valid species scattered worldwide, with one endemic to New Zealand.

Brundinia semipallidula ( Bernhauer 1943) 

Atheta (Metaxya) semipallidula Bernhauer 1943: 174  . Type locality: Wedderburn. Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH LT; BMNH 2 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (CO).

Remarks. Bernhauer did not specify the exact number of specimens he examined for naming Atheta (Metaxya) 

semipallidula  . There were two specimens mounted on the same card with a label hand-written “ typus ” in the BMNH and a single specimen in the FMNHAbout FMNH. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH) and 2 paralectotypes are here designated from material labelled as types of Atheta (Metaxya) semipallidula  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted, “ New Zealand Sharp Coll. [in Bernhauer’s hand] // Wedderburn Lewis. [in Bernhauer’s hand] // Atheta  semi-pallidula Brnh. Typus. [in Bernhauer’s hand] Berhauer det. // semipallidula Brnh.  Typus Metaxya  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819082 FIELD MUSEUM [barcode label]”. Paralectotypes ( BMNH): 2, mounted on the same card, “ Type [round label with red border] // 653 a [hand, in pencil] // Sharp Coll 1905 - 313. // New Zealand. [red underline] // Wedderburn Lewis. [in Sharp’s hand] // Atheta  semi-pallidula Brnh. Typus. [in Bernhauer’s hand] Berhauer det.”.

Dalotia Casey 1910 

Dalotia Casey 1910: 106  . Type species: Dimetrota pectorina Casey, 1910  (= Dalotia coriaria (Kraatz, 1856 ))  , by original designation (first sp. rule, p. 90).

Notes: Dalotia  includes only the single widespread species below, which is widely adventive in many parts of the world including New Zealand.

Dalotia coriaria ( Kraatz 1856) 

Homalota coriaria Kraatz 1856: 282  (attributed to Miller in litt.). Type locality: Ueber ganz Deutschland. Type depository: SDEI? #? ST. Note: ex Atheta  to Dalotia, Gusarov 2003: 89  ; cultured and used as a biological control agent (e.g., Jandricic et al. 2006) and as a model for larval descriptions of Aleocharinae ( Ashe & Watrous 1984)  ; New Zealand, Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997). Distribution: Europe to northern Africa, Korea, Japan, Azores, Madeira, China, India, Oriental, Afrotropical; intro Canada, USA, Neotropical, Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Galapagos Is., Australia, South Africa, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Hawaii, New Zealand (TO;MC (intro)).

Geostibasoma Pace 1985 

Geostibasoma Pace 1985: 107  . Type species: Sipalia antipodum Bernhauer, 1943  , by original designation. Notes: There are only four valid species of Geostibasoma  , three from China and the Philippines, and one from New Zealand.

Geostibasoma antipodum ( Bernhauer 1943) 

Sipalia antipodum Bernhauer 1943: 173  . Type locality: Pudding Hill. Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH LT, 1 PLT; BMNH 2 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (MC).

Remarks. No specimens originally labeled as Sipalia antipodum  were found in BMNH (filed under Amrithea) or

FMNHAbout FMNH, but each collection includes specimens labeled as types of Sipalia antarctica Bernhauer  with data in

agreement with the published name S. antipodum  . Pace (1985: 107) interpreted these specimens as types of S.

antipodum  , and suggested that Bernhauer may have changed the name at the last minute in publication but not

relabeled his types. We agree with this interpretation, and accordingly designate here a lectotype and two

paralectotypes for S. antipodum  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted [male with aedeagus dissected out and mounted in

Canadian balsam on a separate transparent card below]: “ New Zealand [red line] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482.

// Sipalia antarctica Bhr. Typ.  [in Bernhauer’s hand] Berhauer det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // antarctica 

Brnh. Typus Sipalia  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Geostibasoma antipodum  ( BRNH.) [in Pace’s hand] det. R.

Pace 1984 // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton

2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819121 FIELD MUSEUM [barcode label]”. Paralectotypes: 1

( FMNHAbout FMNH) card-mounted [female with a maxilla, labium and spermathecal dissected out and mounted in Canadian

balsam on a separate transparent card below]: “ New Zealand [red line] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Pudding

Hill. 4-5 - 1912. [in Broun’s hand] // Sipalia  circellaris Grav. [in Bernhauer’s hand] Berhauer det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS.

DON. ARROW // antarctica Brnh. Cotypus Sipalia  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus

M.Bernhauer Collection // Geostibasoma antipodum  ( BRNH.) [in Pace’s hand] det. R. Pace 1984 // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]; 1 ( BMNH): Type [round label with red border] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Sipalia antarctica Brh. Bernhauer  det. Typ. [in Bernhauer’s hand, partly printed].

Liogluta Thomson 1858 

Liogluta Thomson 1858: 35  . Type species: Homalota umbonata Erichson, 1839  (= Liogluta longiuscula (Gravenhorst, 1802 ))  , by monotypy.

Notes: There are 115 valid species of Liogluta  , mainly from Eurasia, but one unidentified species has been reported from New Zealand.

Liogluta  undet. sp. ( Klimaszewski et al. 1996). Distribution: New Zealand.

Mocyta Mulsant & Rey 1873 

Mocyta Mulsant & Rey 1873 b  : pl. 2 (in figure legend only). Type species: Aleochara fungi Gravenhorst, 1806  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 250).

Notes: Mocyta  , often treated as a subgenus or synonym of Acrotona  or Atheta  , includes about 29 valid species worldwide, of which one is adventive in New Zealand.

Mocyta fungi ( Gravenhorst 1806) 

Aleochara Fungi Gravenhorst 1806: 157  . Type locality: [Brunsuigae implied] [Brunswick, Germany]. Type depository: ZMHB LT ♀ (designated by Mahler 1986, according to Klimaszewski et al. (2015), but not published?). Note: New Zealand, Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997), Emberson (1998); review, as Mocyta, Gusarov (2003)  ; as Acrotona, Smetana (2004)  ; redescription, biology, Klimaszewski et al. (2011, 2015). Distribution: Europe, Russia (European to Far East), Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Iran, northern Africa, Azores, Canary Is.,?Madeira, Kazakhstan, Korea, China, Taiwan, China, India; intro Canada, USA, South Africa, western Africa, New Zealand, Chatham Is. (BR,DN,MC, CH (intro)).

Nehemitropia Lohse 1971 

Nehemitropia Lohse 1971: 81  (for Hemitropia  auctorum (misidentification)). Type species: Staphylinus sordidus Marsham, 1802  (= Nehemitropia lividipennis (Mannerheim, 1830 ))  , by monotypy. Notes: Nehemetropia includes 8 valid species in the Palaearctic and Oriental regions and Gabon; one of the most widespread of these is also adventive in New Zealand.

Nehemitropia lividipennis ( Mannerheim 1830) 

Oxypoda lividipennis Mannerheim 1830: 70  (also 1831: 484). Type locality: Finlandiae. Type depository: MZHF? #? ST. Note: New Zealand (as sordida), Kuschel (1990), Sivasubramaniam et al. (1997); redescription, Klimaszewski et al. (2011). Distribution: Europe, Russia (European), northern Africa, Azores, Canary Is., Madeira, Turkey, Iran, Israel, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Korea, Japan, China, India; intro Canada, USA, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, South Africa, Madagascar, New Zealand (AK,TO; MC (intro)). = Staphylinus sordidus Marsham 1802: 514  (preoccupied, not Staphylinus sordidus Gravenhorst 1802: 176  (JPH)). Type locality: [ Great Britain]. Type depository: BMNH?

Philhygra Mulsant & Rey, 1873 

Philhygra Mulsant & Rey 1873 a: 160  (without description). Type species: Microdota perdubia Mulsant & Rey, 1873  (= Atheta palustris (Kiesenwetter, 1844 ))  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 300). Notes: Philhygra  , often treated as a subgenus of Atheta  (e.g., Smetana 2004) but also as a valid genus (e.g., Klimaszewski et al. 2011, 2013), includes about 150 valid species mainly in the Holarctic and Oriental regions, with a single adventive species in New Zealand.

Philhygra luridipennis ( Mannerheim 1830) 

Bolitochara luridipennis Mannerheim 1830: 77  (also 1831: 491). Type locality: Petropoli. Type depository: MZHF? 2 ST?. Note: New Zealand, Hammond ms; redescription, Klimaszewski et al. (2011). Distribution: Europe, Russia (European), Turkey, Azores, Madeira; intro Canada, New Zealand (intro).

NZAC

New Zealand Arthropod Collection

ZMUM

Zoological Museum, University of Amoy

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

BRIT

Botanical Research Institute of Texas

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Loc

ATHETINA

Leschen, Richard A. B. & Newton, Alfred F. 2015

2015
Loc

Atheta (Atheta) aucklandensis

Pace 1987: 436Bernhauer 1943: 175

1987
Loc

Atheta (Acrotona) zealandica

Cameron 1945: 167

1945
Loc

Atheta (Atheta) pseudocoriaria

Kuschel 1990: 46Bernhauer 1943: 175

1943
Loc

Gyrophaena atriceps

Broun 1880: 89

1880
Loc

Metaxya

Blackwelder 1952: 240Mulsant 1873: 181

1873
Loc

Homalota lugens

Motschulsky 1858: 257

1858
Loc

Acrotona

Thomson 1859: 38

Loc

Aleochara aterrima

Gravenhorst 1802: 83

Loc

Acrotona lugensides

Newton 2015: 9Motschulsky 1858: 257

Loc

Amischa

Thomson 1858: 33

Loc

Aleochara analis

Gravenhorst 1802: 76

Loc

Homalota decipiens

Sharp 1869: 179

Loc

Aleochara nigrofusca

Stephens 1832: 129

Loc

Atheta

Thomson 1859: 39Thomson 1858: 36

Loc

Alaobia

Thomson 1858: 36

Loc

Microdota

Blackwelder 1952: 244Mulsant 1873: 160

Loc

Ceritaxa

Mulsant 1873: 164

Loc

Datomicra

Fenyes 1918: 22Mulsant 1873: 355

Loc

Oreostiba

Fenyes 1918: 24Ganglbauer 1895: 219

Loc

Aleochara amicula

Stephens 1832: 132

Loc

Atheta (Atheta) Brouni Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz 1926 : 639

Bernhauer 1926: 639Broun 1880: 89

Loc

Atheta (Atheta) cottieri

Cameron 1945: 166

Loc

Atheta (Oreostiba) maruiana

Cameron 1950: 24

Loc

Atheta (Datomicra) Muggeridgei Bernhauer 1943 : 176

Bernhauer 1943: 176

Loc

Homalota nigra

Kraatz 1856: 287

Loc

Atheta (Ceritaxa) splendidicollis

Bernhauer 1943: 175

Loc

Homalota trinotata

Smetana 2004: 33Kraatz 1856: 272

Loc

Brundinia

Tottenham 1949: 78

Loc

Atheta (Metaxya) semipallidula

Bernhauer 1943: 174

Loc

Dalotia

Casey 1910: 106

Loc

Homalota coriaria

Kraatz 1856: 282

Loc

Geostibasoma

Pace 1985: 107

Loc

Sipalia antipodum

Bernhauer 1943: 173

Loc

Liogluta

Thomson 1858: 35

Loc

Mocyta

Blackwelder 1952: 250

Loc

Aleochara Fungi Gravenhorst 1806 : 157

Gravenhorst 1806: 157

Loc

Nehemitropia

Lohse 1971: 81

Loc

Oxypoda lividipennis

Mannerheim 1830: 70Marsham 1802: 514Gravenhorst 1802: 176

Loc

Philhygra

Blackwelder 1952: 300Mulsant 1873: 160

Loc

Bolitochara luridipennis

Mannerheim 1830: 77