GYROPHAENINA

Leschen, Richard A. B. & Newton, Alfred F., 2015, Checklist and type designations of New Zealand Aleocharinae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), Zootaxa 4028 (3), pp. 301-353: 319-323

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4028.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:10D1874C-8E75-4330-8FCC-C744B58563DC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/174B87D8-FFFB-3573-FF7C-FB2E505AFDB5

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

GYROPHAENINA
status

 

GYROPHAENINA  Kraatz, 1856

Adelarthra Cameron 1920 

Adelarthra Cameron 1920: 222  . Type species: Adelarthra barbara Cameron, 1920  , by monotypy. Notes: Adelarthra  includes six valid species from the Oriental region and Australia, and one unidentified species in New Zealand.

Adelarthra  ? undet. sp. (Klimaszewski et al. 1996). Distribution: New Zealand.

Brachida Mulsant & Rey 1871 

Brachida Mulsant & Rey 1871: 4  . Type species: Homalota notha Erichson, 1839  (= Brachida exigua (Heer, 1839 ))  , by monotypy.

Notes: Brachida  is a nearly worldwide genus including 132 valid species, one of which is endemic to New Zealand.

Brachida minuta Bernhauer 1941 

Brachida minuta Bernhauer 1941: 36  . Type locality: Auckland. Type depository: BMNH LT; FMNHAbout FMNH 1 PLT

(designated below). Note: Bernhauer ST ex colln. Sharp. Distribution: New Zealand (AK). Remarks. Bernhauer did not indicate the number of specimens he examined for naming this species. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype and one paralectotype are here designated from material of Brachida minuta  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // Brachida  [in Bernhauer’s hand] // 39. [in unknown hand] // Auckland [in Sharp’s hand] // Sharp Coll 1905 - 313 // Auckland [red underline] New Zealand. // Brachida minuta Bernh. Typ.  [in Bernhauer’s hand] Bernhauer det.”. Paralectotype ( FMNHAbout FMNH): card-mounted, “Auckland. [in Sharp’s hand] // Auckland [red underline] New Zealand. // Sharp Coll 1905 - 313 // Brachida minuta Bernh. Typ.  [in Bernhauer’s hand] Bernhauer det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // minuta Brnh.  Typus Brachida  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819114 FIELD MUSEUM [barcode label]”.

Encephalus Stephens 1832 

Encephalus Stephens 1832: 163  (attributed to "Kirby MSS"). Type species: Encephalus complicans Stephens, 1832  (attributed to "Kirby MSS"), by monotypy.

Notes: The genus Encephalus  includes 21 species in the Holarctic region plus two species endemic to New Zealand.

Encephalus latulus Broun 1894 

Encephalus latulus Broun 1894: 386  . Type locality: Wairoa North. Type depository: BMNH HT. Distribution: New Zealand (AK).

Remarks. Broun based his description on a single specimen which we confirmed as the holotype.

Type material examined. Holotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // 2696. //

Wairoa // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Encephalus latulus  . [in Broun’s hand]”.

Encephalus zealandicus Cameron 1945 

Encephalus zealandicus Cameron 1945: 160  (attributed to Broun in litt.). Type locality: New Zealand: Hunua. Type depository: BMNH LT, 2 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (AK).

Remarks. Cameron did not indicate the number of specimens he saw. One specimen in the Main BMNH collection

from “Hunua” was hand-labelled as the type by Cameron, while 2 others labelled as “Hunua Maketu” are

considered as paralectotypes. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype and 2 paralectotypes (one in Main the other

in the Broun collections) are here designated for Encephalus zealandicus  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit.

Mus. 1922 - 482. // Hunua [in Broun’s hand] // Encephalus zealandicus  [in Broun’s hand] // E. zealandicus  TYPE

[red ink, underlined] Cam. [in Cameron’s hand]”. Paralectotypes: 1 ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ New Zealand. [red

underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Hunua Maketu. [in Broun’s hand] // Encephalus zealandicus  [in

Broun’s hand] // SYN-TYPE [round label with powder blue border]”; 1: same, but lacking syntype label.

Gyrophaena Mannerheim 1830 

Gyrophaena Mannerheim 1830: 74  (also 1831: 488). Type species: Staphylinus nanus Paykull, 1800  , designated by Westwood 1838 a: 20.

Notes: Gyrophaena  is a very large worldwide genus with about 720 valid species, six of which are endemic to New Zealand. Most species with known habits feed as adults and larvae on the spores of mushrooms and other soft fungi  , and have mouthparts specialized for spore-gathering (e.g., Ashe 1984).

Gyrophaena brookesi Cameron 1947 

Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) brookesi Cameron 1947: 709  . Type locality: N. Auckland: Lake Ohia, Mangonni [sic,

Mangonui]. Type depository: NZACAbout NZAC LT; BMNH 1 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (ND). Remarks. Cameron did not indicate the number of specimens he examined to name this species. One labelled as a type was in the NZACAbout NZAC and another hand-labelled as cotype was in the BMNH. In order to stabilize this name a lectotype and paralectotype are here designated for these specimens of Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) brookesi  . Type material examined. Lectotype ( NZACAbout NZAC): card-mounted (159. in pink handwritten at base of card), “Collector 24 - 3-1918. A. E. Brookes [date in Brookes’ hand] // Lake Ohia. Mangonui. N. Auckland. [in Brookes’ hand] // Gyrophaena brookesi  TYPE Cam [in Cameron’s hand, “ type ” in red ink] // A. E. Brookes Collection // NZACAbout NZAC specimen database record 1007118 // NZ Arthropod Collection Private Bag 92170 Auckland New Zealand NZACAbout NZAC 04065720 [barcode label]”. Paralectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “SYN-TYPE [round label with powder blue border] // N. Auckland Mangonui Lake Ohia 189. Brookes [in Cameron’s hand] // M. Cameron. Bequest. B.M. 1955 - 147. // Gyrophaena brookesi  COTYPE [red ink, underlined] Cam [in Cameron’s hand]”.

Gyrophaena densicornis Broun 1880 

Gyrophaena densicorne Broun 1880: 89  . Type locality: Whangarei Heads. Type depository: BMNH HT. Distribution: New Zealand (ND).

Remarks. Broun indicated that he based his description on a single specimen, but there were two in the BMNH

that were potential holotypes, one with a locality (Parua), the other with no locality data but with the Broun number

and a type designation by Bernhauer. We chose to confirm the second specimen as the holotype.

Type material examined. Holotype ( BMNH): card-mounted (missing the right antenna), “ Type [round label with

red border] // 162 [green label] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Oligota  x [in

Broun’s hand, with red underline] // Gyrophaena densicorne  . Type Broun [in Bernhauer’s hand]”.

Gyrophaena glabricollis Bernhauer 1941 

Gyrophaena glabricollis Bernhauer 1941: 37  (attributed to Fauvel in litt.). Type locality: Pudds [sic, Pudding] [ LT]. Type depository: BMNH LT, 2 PLT; FMNHAbout FMNH 5 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (BR,MC).

Remarks. Bernhauer did not indicate the number of specimens he examined. One in the BMNH is labelled as

“ type ” and two mounted on the same card stock with the correct label data are considered syntypes; five additional

specimens in FMNHAbout FMNH are labeled Typus or Cotypus and also considered syntypes. In order to stabilize this name a

lectotype and 7 paralectotypes (2 BMNH, 5 FMNHAbout FMNH) are here designated from the type series of Gyrophaena 

glabricollis  . Note that the locality is probably an abbreviated “Pudding Hill” and the last letter is actually a “g” as

indicated on the PT label.

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // New

Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Gyrophaena glabricollis Brh Bernhauer  det. Type. [in

Bernhauer’s hand, partly printed]”. Paralectotypes: 2 ( BMNH), mounted on same card, “ New Zealand. [red

underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Puddg. 4.5. 12 [in Broun’s hand]”. 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH), card-mounted,

“Puddg. 4.5. 12 [in Broun’s hand] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // simplicicollis

Fans.i.l. [in Bernhauer’s hand, partly illegible] // glabricollis Brnh Cotypus  Gyrophaena  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red

label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project

[violet label] // Photographed Kelsey Keaton 2014 Emu Catalog [blue label] // FMNHINS 2819105 FIELD

MUSEUM [barcode label]”; 3 ( FMNHAbout FMNH), mounted on 1 card: “Greymouth, [red underline] New Zealand. (Helms) /

/ Sharp Coll 1905 - 313 // Gyr. Glabricollis  Bh. [in Bernhauer’s hand] Bernhauer det. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW

// glabricollis Brnh.  Typus Gyrophaena  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer

Collection // SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”; 1 ( FMNHAbout FMNH), card-mounted:

“ New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // BRITAbout BRIT. MUS. DON. ARROW // glabricollis 

Brnh. Cotypus Gyrophaena  [in Bernhauer’s hand, red label] // Chicago NHMus M.Bernhauer Collection //

SYNTYPE teste D. J. Clarke 2014 GDI Imaging Project [violet label]”.

Gyrophaena nugax Broun 1880 

Gyrophaena nugax Broun 1880: 88  . Type locality: near Whangarei Harbour. Type depository: BMNH LT, 1 PLT (designated below). Note: as Atheta  in Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz (1926: 647), but belongs in Gyrophaena  , teste Cameron (1945: 161). Distribution: New Zealand (ND).

Remarks. Broun indicated that he based his description on two specimens. In order to stabilize this name a

lectotype and paralectotype are here designated for Gyrophaena nugax  .

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): right specimen that is card-mounted with paralectotype, “ Type

[round label with red border] // 161 [green label] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482.

// Manaia Whangarei [in Broun’s hand] // Gyrophaena nugax  . [in Broun’s hand]”. Paralectotype ( BMNH): same as

above, left specimen mounted dorsal-side down.

Gyrophaena oligotina Cameron 1945 

Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) oligotina Cameron 1945: 161  (attributed to Fauvel in litt.). Type locality: New Zealand: Erua. Type depository: BMNH LT, 1 PLT (designated below). Distribution: New Zealand (AK,TO).

Remarks. Cameron did not indicate the number of specimens he examined from Erua, but one specimen was hand-

labelled as the type in red ink by Cameron (another label in Fauvel’s hand indicating the ms name); another

specimen, lacking an identification label but with the correct locality data was also regarded as a syntype. In order

to stabilize this name a lectotype and paralectotype are here designated for Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) oligotina 

Cameron.

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ Type [round label with red border] // Erua [in

Broun’s hand] // Encephalus  [in Broun’s hand] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. //

Gyrophaena oligotina Fav.  [in Fauvel’s hand] // G. oligotina  TYPE [red ink, underlined] Cam. [in Cameron’s

hand]”. Paralectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted, “ New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. //

Gyrophaena oligotina  [in Broun’s hand] // ♂ [in Broun’s hand]”.

Gyrophaena punctiger (Scheerpeltz 1933) 

Oxytelus punctiger Scheerpeltz 1933: 1102  (new name for Gyrophaena punctatus Broun 1880  ). Note: as possible Oxytelus, Fauvel (1885: 312)  ; as Oxytelus, Scheerpeltz (1933: 1102)  , Herman (2001: 1453); redescribed as Gyrophaena, Cameron (1945: 160)  ; AK (as Gyrophaena punctata  ), Kuschel (1990). Distribution: New Zealand (AK,CL).

= Gyrophaena punctata  Broun 1880: 87 (not Oxytelus punctatus J. L. LeConte 1877  (JSH in Oxytelus  ); not now congeneric but replaced before 1961 and replacement name in use). Type locality: Tairua. Type depository: BMNH LT, 1 PLT (designated below).

Remarks. Broun indicated that he based his description on one specimen from Tairua, but the only specimens in

the BMNH were two carded together from Woodhill, and subsequently labelled with a type label by Cameron.

Because Broun had his identification label on these specimens, we assume that he was incorrect regarding the

locality and number of specimens he examined.

Type material examined. Lectotype ( BMNH): card-mounted (specimen mounted upright), “ 159. [green label] //

Woodhill // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Gyrophâena punctata  . [in Broun’s

hand] // TYPE ♂ [in Cameron’s hand]”. Paralectotype ( BMNH): same as above.

Notiomerinx Ashe 2003 

Notiomerinx Ashe 2003: 623  . Type species: Notiomerinx zealandica Ashe, 2003  , by original designation. Notes: The genus Notiomerinx  and its single included species are endemic to New Zealand.

Notiomerinx zealandica Ashe 2003 

Notiomerinx zealandica Ashe 2003: 625  . Type locality: St. Arnaud Track, 645m, Lake Rotoiti, Wilson [sic, =Nelson] Lks. N.P., BR, New Zealand. Type depository: NZACAbout NZAC HT ♂; FMNHAbout FMNH 26 PT. Distribution: New Zealand (AK,ND; BR,MB,MC,NN,OL,SD,WD).

Pseudoligota Cameron 1920 

Pseudoligota Cameron 1920: 213  . Type species: Pseudoligota varians Cameron, 1920  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 327).

Notes: Pseudoligota  includes 17 valid species in the Oriental region, Australia and New Caledonia, and one undescribed new species in New Zealand.

Pseudoligota  sp. nov. (Klimaszewski et al. 1996). Distribution: New Zealand.

Sternotropa Cameron 1920 

Sternotropa Cameron 1920: 220  . Type species: Sternotropa nigra Cameron, 1920  , designated by Blackwelder (1952: 360).

Notes: Sternotropa  includes 69 valid species from the Oriental region through Australia, New Caledonia and Fiji, plus one from La Reunion in the Indian Ocean and one endemic to New Zealand.

Sternotropa versicolor (Broun 1880) 

Gyrophaena versicolor Broun 1880: 89  . Type locality: Parua. Type depository: BMNH HT. Note: AK, fungus host records, Kuschel (1990). Distribution: New Zealand (AK,ND).

Remarks. Broun based his description on one specimen from Parua. One specimen with a type designation by

Bernhauer lacked the locality information, but had a typical label with the Broun number attached to it. We confirm

this specimen as the holotype.

Type material examined. Holotype ( BMNH): “ Type [round label with red border] // 163. [green label] // Eyes

large. [in Broun’s hand] // New Zealand. [red underline] Broun Coll. Brit. Mus. 1922 - 482. // Gyrophaena versicolor 

Type Broun [in Bernhauer’s hand]”.

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

BRIT

Botanical Research Institute of Texas

NZAC

New Zealand Arthropod Collection

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Loc

GYROPHAENINA

Leschen, Richard A. B. & Newton, Alfred F. 2015

2015
Loc

Notiomerinx

Ashe 2003: 623

2003
Loc

Notiomerinx zealandica

Ashe 2003

2003
Loc

Notiomerinx zealandica

Ashe 2003

2003
Loc

Notiomerinx zealandica

Ashe 2003: 625

2003
Loc

Gyrophaena brookesi

Cameron 1947

1947
Loc

Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) brookesi

Cameron 1947: 709

1947
Loc

Encephalus zealandicus

Cameron 1945: 160

1945
Loc

Gyrophaena (Gyrophaena) oligotina

Cameron 1945: 161

1945
Loc

Gyrophaena

Cameron 1945: 160

1945
Loc

Brachida minuta

Bernhauer 1941

1941
Loc

Brachida minuta

Bernhauer 1941: 36

1941
Loc

Gyrophaena glabricollis

Bernhauer 1941: 37

1941
Loc

Oxytelus punctiger

Scheerpeltz 1933: 1102

1933
Loc

Oxytelus

Scheerpeltz 1933: 1102

1933
Loc

Adelarthra

Cameron 1920: 222

1920
Loc

Adelarthra barbara

Cameron 1920

1920
Loc

Pseudoligota

Cameron 1920

1920
Loc

Pseudoligota

Cameron 1920: 213

1920
Loc

Pseudoligota varians

Cameron 1920

1920
Loc

Sternotropa

Cameron 1920

1920
Loc

Sternotropa

Cameron 1920: 220

1920
Loc

Sternotropa nigra

Cameron 1920

1920
Loc

Encephalus latulus

Broun 1894

1894
Loc

Encephalus latulus

Broun 1894: 386

1894
Loc

Oxytelus

Fauvel 1885: 312

1885
Loc

Gyrophaena densicorne

Broun 1880: 89

1880
Loc

Gyrophaena nugax

Broun 1880: 88

1880
Loc

Gyrophaena punctatus

Broun 1880

1880
Loc

Gyrophaena punctata

Broun 1880: 87

1880
Loc

Sternotropa versicolor

Broun 1880

1880
Loc

Gyrophaena versicolor

Broun 1880: 89

1880
Loc

Oxytelus punctatus

J. L. LeConte 1877

1877
Loc

Brachida

Mulsant & Rey 1871

1871
Loc

Brachida

Mulsant & Rey 1871: 4

1871
Loc

Homalota notha

Erichson 1839

1839
Loc

Brachida exigua

Heer 1839

1839
Loc

Encephalus

Stephens 1832: 163

1832
Loc

Encephalus complicans

Stephens 1832

1832
Loc

Gyrophaena

Mannerheim 1830: 74

1830
Loc

Staphylinus nanus

Paykull 1800

1800