Philomedes tetrathrix Kornicker, 1975

Chavtur, Vladimir G. & Keyser, Dietmar, 2016, Benthic myodocopid Ostracoda (Philomedidae) from the Southern Ocean, Zootaxa 4141 (1), pp. 1-70: 58-65

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4141.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:6033C3F3-85B8-4665-A7AF-7C0E4B230ABC

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/18659911-FF88-C970-FF08-B685FECBFBD7

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Philomedes tetrathrix Kornicker, 1975
status

 

Philomedes tetrathrix Kornicker, 1975 

( Figs. 36–40View FIGURE 36View FIGURE 37View FIGURE 38View FIGURE 39View FIGURE 40)

1975 Philomedes tetrathrix Kornicker  : 255–262, Figs. 131, 132 (map), 151–156. 1990 Philomedes  cf. P. tetrathrix Kornicker, 1975  —Hartmann: 199.

Studied material (coordinates, depth and sediment see Appendix). RV “Polarstern”PS 61 ANT XIX/3, station 46- 7: ZMH-K-42271—immature female (2.12 mm) and ZMH-K-42272—immature male (2.05 mm); ZMH-K- 42273—immature male (2.22 mm).

ANT XIX/4, station 141-9: ZMH-K-42270—adult male (3.47 mm).

Station 143-1: ZMH-K-42269—adult female (2.46 mm).

Diagnosis of female ( Kornicker 1975, with additional remarks). Carapace: with truncate posterior, length 1.92–2.78 mm.

First antenna: 2nd joint with 2 setae, 1 lateral and 1 dorsal.

Second antenna: 1st joint of endopodite with 6 setae, 5 proximal and 1 distal; 2nd joint with 1 long and 2–3 short ventral setae and 1 long terminal seta.

Mandible: dorsal margin of basale with 5 setae, 3 near middle and 2 subterminal.

Sixth limb: epipodite with 3 setae.

Seventh limb: each limb with 23–33 setae, 5 distal and 21–28 proximal; 2–3 pegs present on opposite terminal comb.

Caudal furca: each lamella with 10 claws.

Bellonci organ: 1-jointed, with rounded tip.

Lateral eye: small, with 2–3 ommatidia or only with pigment.

Anterior process (above upper lip): developed, large, horn-like and curved.

Diagnosis of male. Carapace: length 3.47 mm.

First antenna: 2nd joint with 2 setae, 1 lateral and 1 dorsal.

Second antenna: 1st joint of endopodite with 6 seta, 5 proximal and 1 distal; proximal seta of 3rd joint thin about 1/3 (or shorter) of the joint’s length.

Mandible: dorsal margin of basale with 5 setae, 3 near middle and 2 subterminal; coxale endite absent.

Sixth limb: epipodite with 3 setae.

Seventh limb: each limb with 25–26 seta, 5 distal and 20–21 proximal; 2 or 3 pegs present on opposite terminal comb.

Caudal furca: each lamella with 8 claws.

Bellonci organ: 1-jointed, with rounded tip.

Anterior process (above upper lip): developed, large, with terminal crank-like process.

Supplementary description of adult female. Carapace (36 A). Length 2.40 mm. Carapace with truncate posterior. Infold on rostrum with 12–15 setae. Antero-ventral inside with 5–9 setae (16–18 in Kornicker 1975) and 15 striations. Posterior infold with 5 setae. Carapace with distinct small reticulate structure ( Kornicker 1975: 256— “faint reticulate structure visible in transmitted light”).

First antenna ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D). Second joint with 2 setae, 1 dorsal and 1 lateral.

Second antenna ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 I, J). First joint of exopodite with short disto-medial spine. Second endopodial joint with 5 setae (4 in Kornicker 1975), 1 long spinous and 3 short bare ventral setae and 1 reflexed terminal seta.

Mandible ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 K, L). Basale: dorsal margin with 5 setae; medial side with 6 setae, 3 pectinate and 3 usual type; lateral surface with 5 setae forming a row parallel to ventral margin; ventral margin with 3 distal setae. Endopodite: first joint with 4 ventral setae; dorsal margin of second joint with 2 setae in distal group, 5 setae (6 in Kornicker 1975) in proximal group and 1 seta between these groups, and ventral margin with 2 or 3 setae in distal group and 3 setae in subterminal group.

Sixth limb. Endite I with 2 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite II with 3 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite III with 7 or 8 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite IV with 8 terminal and 1 medial setae, end joint with 28; 3 setae present in place of epipodial appendage.

Seventh limb. Each limb with 23–25 setae, 5 (3+2) distal setae and 18–20 (6+12 or 9+11) proximal setae; each seta with 3–7 bells. Terminal comb with 10–11 alate teeth; 2 pegs present in place of epipodial appendage.

Caudal process. Limb with 10+10 claws.

Bellonci organ ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D). Elongate, 1-jointed, with rounded tip and somewhat shorter than first joint of first antenna.

Medial eye ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D, F). Large, pigmented.

Lateral eye ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D). Eye small, slightly pigmented, without ommatidia.

Upper lip ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D, G, H). Ventrally hirsute, terminally blunt, with several glandular processes.

Anterior process on body ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 D). Process large, horn-like.

Description of adult male. Carapace ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 B, C; 37 A –E). Length 3.47 mm. Carapace with truncate posterior and oval caudal process. Infold on rostrum with 24 setae forming L-shaped row, and 1 minute seta present on infold posterior to incisure. Anteroventral inside with 6–8 setae. Posterior infold with 5 or 7 minute spines ( Figs. 37View FIGURE 37 C, D). Carapace with faint small reticulate structure visible in transmitted light ( Fig. 36View FIGURE 36 C).

First antenna ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 E; 37 G; 38 B, C). Second joint with 1 dorsal and 1 lateral setae. Sensory setae of fifth joint with knee near middle and 5 terminal filaments ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 B).

Second antenna ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 D –G). Exopodite: first joint with long and short, thin and thick distal spines on lateral surface and sclerotized rounded process on terminal margin ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 C); ninth joint with 5 setae, 3 long and 2 short ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 D). Endopodite: first joint with 5 proximal and 1 distal setae. Second joint with 3 short setae, 2 stout and 1 normal type; 2 muscles bands, both extend from middle of this joint to proximal margin of third joint. Third joint with relatively short proximal seta (about 1/3 or somewhat shorter than length of joint), 2 minute subterminal setae and about 8 terminal ridges; lateral surface of distal part wrinkled ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 E, G).

Mandible ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 A –D). Coxale endite reduced ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 C, D). Basale: dorsal margin with 5 setae; medial side with 6 setae; lateral surface with 4 setae forming a row parallel to ventral margin; ventral margin with 2 or 3 distal setae. Exopodite: about 2/5 length of first endopodial joint. Endopodite: first joint with 5 ventral setae; dorsal margin with 2 setae in distal group, 6 setae in proximal group and 1 seta between these groups, ventral margin with 3 setae in subterminal and 3 in terminal groups.

Fifth limb ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 E). First and second joints on exopodite each with 1 elongate evenly tapering hirsute flat tooth and 3 setae; third joint with 3+2 setae; fourth plus fifth joints in total with 6 setae. Endite I with 4 setae, endite II with 8 setae and endite III with 10 setae.

Sixth limb. Endite I with 2 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite II with 3 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite III with 7 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite IV with 7 terminal and 1 medial setae, end joint with 18 setae; 3 setae present in place of epipodial appendage.

Seventh limb ( Fig. 39View FIGURE 39 F –H). Each limb with 25–26 setae, 5 (2+3) distal setae and 20–21 (10+10 or 10+11) proximal setae; each seta with 4–8 bells. Terminal comb with 10 alate teeth; 2 or 3 pegs present on opposite comb.

Caudal furca ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 A, B). Limb with 8+8 claws. Each lamella elongate and slim.

Copulatory appendage ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 A –C). Limb longer than half length of furcal lamella. Each lobe with some setae.

Bellonci organ ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 E; 38 A). Elongate, 1-jointed, with rounded tip and shorter than first joint of first antenna.

Medial eye ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 E; 38 A). Eye large and pigmented.

Lateral eye ( Fig. 38View FIGURE 38 H). Eye large and pigmented.

Upper lip ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 E; 37 F). Terminally rounded with some glandular processes.

Anterior process on body ( Figs. 36View FIGURE 36 E; 37 F). Process relatively large, rounded and terminally with long curved process.

Supplementary description of A- 2 male. Carapace ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 E, F). Length 2.05–2.22 mm. Infold in rostrum with 14 setae forming L-shaped row. Antero-ventral inside with 5 setae and 15 striations. Posterior infold with 3 minute spines. Carapace smooth, without visible ornamentation. Height of posterior half of carapace slightly more than that of anterior half.

Second antenna ( Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 G, H). Endopodite: first joint with 3 proximal and 1 distal setae (right endopodite aberrated: see Fig. 40View FIGURE 40 G); second joint with 1 long spinous and 1 short bare ventral setae; third joint with 1 midlength dorsal and 1 short terminal setae.

Mandible. Basale: dorsal with 4 setae, 2 near middle and 2 subterminal, medial side with 3 pectinate and 3 regular setae, lateral surface with 4 setae, ventral margin with 2 distal setae. Endopodite: first joint with 4 ventral setae; dorsal margin of second joint with 2 setae in distal group, 6 setae in proximal group and 1 seta between these group.

Seventh limb. Limb with 27 setae, 5 (3+2) distal setae and 22 (11+11) proximal setae. 2 pegs present on opposite terminal comb.

Caudal furca. Limb with 8+8 claws.

Medial eye, upper lip anterior and process on body. Similar to that of adult female.

Remarks. Our specimen of an adult female differs from females described by Kornicker (1975) in the following: carapace with distinct reticulate structure, less setae on antero-ventral inside of carapace and presence of 4 setae on ventral margin of second endopodial joint of second antenna.

Distribution and ecology. Subantarctic-antarctic sublitoral-abyssal species. It has been collected in the Atlantic Sector of the Southern Ocean between 43° and 62°S ( Fig. 31View FIGURE 31) at depths of 146 to 3382 m ( Kornicker 1975; Hartmann 1990; present study) on soft substrates: volcanic sand, medium-to-coarse sand and small pebbles ( Kornicker 1975).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Ostracoda

Order

Myodocopida

Family

Philomedidae

Genus

Philomedes

Loc

Philomedes tetrathrix Kornicker, 1975

Chavtur, Vladimir G. & Keyser, Dietmar 2016
2016
Loc

P. tetrathrix

Kornicker 1975
1975