Philomedes assimilis Brady, 1907

Chavtur, Vladimir G. & Keyser, Dietmar, 2016, Benthic myodocopid Ostracoda (Philomedidae) from the Southern Ocean, Zootaxa 4141 (1), pp. 1-70: 28-37

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http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4141.1.1

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scientific name

Philomedes assimilis Brady, 1907
status

 

Philomedes assimilis Brady, 1907 

( Figs. 17–22View FIGURE 17View FIGURE 18View FIGURE 19View FIGURE 20View FIGURE 21View FIGURE 22)

1907 Philomedes assimilis Brady  ,: 5, pl. 1, Figs. 16–21View FIGURE 16View FIGURE 17View FIGURE 18View FIGURE 19View FIGURE 20View FIGURE 21, pl. 2, Figs, 1–6. 1908 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Müller: 87, pl. 6: Figs. 9–17View FIGURE 9View FIGURE 10View FIGURE 11View FIGURE 12View FIGURE 13View FIGURE 14View FIGURE 15View FIGURE 16View FIGURE 17; pl. 7: Figs. 14–16View FIGURE 14View FIGURE 15View FIGURE 16. 1912 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Müller: 26 [key], 31.

1912 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Scott: 586.

1920 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Skogsberg: 352, 413.

1921 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Barney: 178.

1967 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Lofthouse: 143

1971 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Kornicker: 186, Fig. 14View FIGURE 14. 1975 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Kornicker: 229–236, Figs. 128–130, 131, 132 (map). 1991 Philomedes assimilis Brady 1907  —Hartmann: 212.

1986 Philomedes  cf. P. assimilis Brady 1907  —Hartmann: 235.

1907 Philomedes antarctica Brady  : 5, pl. 5, Figs. 1–10View FIGURE 1View FIGURE 2View FIGURE 3View FIGURE 4View FIGURE 5View FIGURE 6View FIGURE 7View FIGURE 8View FIGURE 9View FIGURE 10.

1971 Philomedes antarctica Brady, 1907  —Kornicker: 189, Fig. 15View FIGURE 15.?1990 P. heptathrix Kornicker, 1975  —Hartmann: 199, Abb. 1.

Studied material (coordinates, depth and sediment see Appendix). 16 th Soviet (=Russian) Antarctic Expedition, sample 161: MIMB 18286—adult female (2.05 mm).

Sample 162: MIMB 18 287 and 18288—2 adult females (2.15 mm, other is deformed).

Sample 164: MIMB 18 291—adult male (2.16 mm).

Sample—unknown (depth 45 m), 18 February1972; MIMB 18293—adult male (2.30 mm).

Sample 166: MIMB 18 295—immature male (1.90 mm).

Sample 169: MIMB 18 292—adult male (2.05 mm); MIMB 18289—adult female (1.92 mm).

34 th Soviet (=Russian) Antarctic Expedition, station 10, sample 1: MIMB 18294—adult male (2.10 mm).

RV “Polarstern”, ANT XIII/3, station 39/02: ZMH-K-42264—adult female (1.97 mm) and ZMH-K-42265— adult male (2.24 mm).

52th Russian Antarctic Expedition, station 8, sample 37: MIMB 18290—adult female (2.02 mm).

Additional material. See Appendix.

Diagnosis of female ( Kornicker 1975, with additional remarks). Carapace: with truncate posterior and angular caudal process, length 1.67–2.15 mm.

First antenna: 2nd joint with 5–7 setae, 3–4 ventral, 1 lateral and 1–2 dorsal.

Second antenna: 1st joint of endopodite with 5–6 setae, 4–5 proximal and 1 distal; 2nd joint with 1 long and 3 short ventral setae and 1 long recurved terminal seta.

Mandible: dorsal margin of basale with 4–6 setae, 2–4 near middle and 2 subterminal.

Sixth limb: epipodite with 3–5 setae.

Seventh limb: each limb with 8–10 (usually 9) setae, 4–5 distal and 3–5 proximal; 1–2 pegs present on opposite terminal comb.

Caudal furca: each lamella with 10 (very rarely 9) claws.

Bellonci organ: 1-jointed, with rounded tip.

Lateral eye: small with 2 divided ommatidia.

Anterior process (above upper lip): relatively developed and with rounded tip.

Diagnosis of male. Carapace: length 2.12–2.25 mm.

First antenna: 2nd joint with 4–5 setae, 2–3 ventral, 1 lateral and 1–2 dorsal.

Second antenna: 1st joint of endopodite with 6 seta, 5 proximal and 1 distal; proximal seta of 3rd joint somewhat longer than half of its length.

Mandible: dorsal margin of basale with 4 setae, 2 near middle and 2 subterminal; coxale endite present.

Sixth limb: epipodite with 3 (rarely with 2) setae.

Seventh limb: each limb with 8–10 (usually with 9) setae, 4–5 distal and 4–5 proximal; 2 pegs present on opposite terminal comb.

Caudal furca: each lamella with 9 (rarely with 10) claws.

Bellonci organ: 1-jointed, with rounded tip.

Anterior process (above upper lip): relatively developed with rounded tip.

Supplementary description of adult female. Carapace ( Figs. 17View FIGURE 17 A –L, R –T; 18 A –C). Length 1.67–2.15 mm (in literature: 1.67–2.0 mm). Shape of carapace very various ( Fig. 17View FIGURE 17). Infold on rostrum with about 13–28 setae forming a vertical row and on incisure with 3–4 setae near margin. Anterior-ventral inside with about 10–34 short setae and with 13–15 striations. Infold on caudal process with 3–11 short setae.

First antenna ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 D, H). First joint with 4–5 setae in proximal group and 1 distal seta. Second joint with 5–7 setae, 1–2 dorsal, 1 lateral and 3 or 4 ventral.

Second antenna ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 I –L). Length of setae (1 long and 3 short ventral and 1 subterminal setae) on second endopodite joint varying.

Mandible ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 F). Basale: dorsal margin with 4–6 setae, 2–4 near middle and subterminal setae; medial side with 6 setae, 3 pectinate and 3 normal; lateral surface with 4–5 setae forming a row parallel to ventral margin; ventral margin with 3–4 distal setae. Endopodite: first joint with 3–4 ventral setae; dorsal margin of second joint with 2 setae in proximal group, 6 setae in distal group and 1 seta between these groups, ventral margin with 2–3 setae in subterminal group and 3 setae in terminal group.

Sixth limb. Endite I with 2–3 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite II with 3 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite III with 8–9 terminal and 1 medial setae, endite IV with 7–8 terminal and 1 medial setae, end joint with 24–30 setae, 3–5 setae present in place of epipodial appendage.

Seventh limb. Each limb with 8–10 setae, 4–6 distal (usually 2+3, rarely 2+2 and 3+3) and 4–5 setae (usually 2+2, rarely 3+2 and 1+3); each seta with 2–5 bells. Terminal comb with 10–11 teeth; 1–2 pegs present opposite comb.

Caudal furca. Each lamella usually with 10 claws and rarely 9 claws.

Bellonci organ ( Fig. 18View FIGURE 18 D, E). 1-jointed, with rounded tip.

Upper lip ( Figs. 18View FIGURE 18 D, F, G; 20 H). Lip ventrally hirsute and with several glandular processes at tip.

Anterior process of body ( Figs. 18View FIGURE 18 D, F, G; 20 H). Relatively large and rounded.

Supplementary description of adult male. Carapace ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A –I): Length 2.12–2.25 mm (in literature: 2.12–2.24 mm). Shape of carapace variable ( Fig. 19View FIGURE 19 A –E). Infold on rostrum with about 17–18 setae forming a row. Antero-ventral inside with about 11–15 spine-like setae. Infold on caudal process with 4–6 spine-like setae. First antenna ( Figs. 19View FIGURE 19 L; 20 E –G; 22 A –H). Second joint with 4–5 setae, 1 dorsal, 1 lateral and 2–3 ventral setae; length of setae varying ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 A –H). Sensory seta on fifth joint evenly tapered from base to tip (without knee in middle) and with 5 terminal filaments ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 I).

Second antenna ( Figs. 20View FIGURE 20 J; 21 A –D). First endopodial joint with 6 setae, 5 proximal and 1 distal; second joint with 2 muscle bands, one extends from first joint to proximal margin of third joint and other from middle of dorsal margin of second joint to proximal margin of third joint ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 D). Proximal seta of third joint slightly longer than half of its length.

Mandible ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 E, G). Coxale endite bifurcate distally. Basale: dorsal margin with 4 setae, 2 near middle and 2 subterminal setae; medial side with 6 setae; lateral surface with 4 setae forming a row parallel to the ventral margin; ventral margin with 3 distal setae. Endopodite: first joint with 4 or 5 ventral setae; dorsal margin of second joint with 2 setae in proximal group, 6 setae in distal group and 1 seta between these groups, and ventral margin with 2–3 setae in subterminal group and 3 setae in terminal group.

Sixth limb. Endite I with 1–2 terminal and 1–2 medial setae; endite II with 2–3 terminal and 1 medial setae; endite III with 7–8 terminal and 1 medial setae; endite IV with 7–8 terminal and 1 medial setae; end joint with 21 setae (in all studied females); 2–3 setae present in place of epipodial appendage.

Seventh limb ( Fig. 21View FIGURE 21 H). Each limb with 8–10 setae, 4–5 distal (2+3 or 2+2) and 4–5 proximal (2+3 or 2+2); each seta with 3–6 bells. Terminal comb with 10 teeth; 2 pegs present on opposite comb.

Caudal furca ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 K –N). Limb with 9+9 or 9+10 claws.

Copulatory appendage ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 K –N). Elongate, with 2 lobes (long and short). Length of appendage varying, about half to 9/10 length of lamella of furca.

Medial eye ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 A –G). Large, usual smooth (only in female ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 C, G) eye with 3 anterior sclerotic tubercles.).

Bellonci organ ( Figs. 19View FIGURE 19 K, 20 A –G). Elongate, unsegmented, with rounded tip and subequal, slightly longer, or shorter than length of first joint of first antenna.

Upper lip ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 E –G). Tip with several glandular processes.

Anterior process of body ( Fig. 20View FIGURE 20 E –G). Small or midsize and rounded.

Supplementary of A-1 male. Length 1.75 mm.

First antenna. Second joint with 1 dorsal, 1 lateral and 2 ventral setae; third joint with 2 dorsal and 1 ventral setae; fourth joint with 1 dorsal and 3 ventral setae.

Second antenna ( Fig. 22View FIGURE 22 I, J). First joint with 6 setae, 5 proximal and 1 distal; second joint with 1 long spinous and 2 short ventral setae; third joint with 1 long dorsal and 2 short terminal setae.

Mandible. Similar to that of adult female.

Sixth limb. 4 setae present in place of epipodial appendage.

Seventh limb. Each limb with 9 setae (2+3 distal and 2+2 proximal). Terminal comb with 9 teeth; 1 peg present on opposite comb.

Caudal furca. Each lamella with 9 claws.

Distribution and ecology. Circumantarctic sublitoral-bathyal species. It has been collected almost around the whole Antarctic continent between 62° and 78°S (as rule to south of 65–66° S ( Fig. 16View FIGURE 16)) at depths of 7 to 876 m, temperature range of 0.57° to -1.53°C and on hard and soft substrates: rock, stone, gravel, sand, muddy sand ( Brady 1907; Kornicker 1971, 1975; Hartmann 1989).

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Ostracoda

Order

Myodocopida

Family

Philomedidae

Genus

Philomedes

Loc

Philomedes assimilis Brady, 1907

Chavtur, Vladimir G. & Keyser, Dietmar 2016
2016
Loc

heptathrix

Kornicker 1975
1975
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

P. assimilis

Brady 1907
1907
Loc

Philomedes antarctica

Brady 1907
1907