Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) simulans , Kohout, R. J., 2007

Kohout, R. J., 2007, Revision of the subgenus Aulacomyrma Emery of the genus Polyrhachis F. Smith, with descriptions of new species., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 186-253: 209-210

publication ID

21282

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/18F54674-AEA3-AAB5-B093-3661BE0D128C

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) simulans
status

new species

Polyrhachis (Aulacomyrma) simulans  HNS  , new species

Figures 30, 33, 36

TYPE MATERIAL

HOLOTYPE: PAPUA NEW GUINEA, Morobe Prov., Huon Penins ., lower Busu Riv. , 5. v. 1955, lowland rf. (E. O. Wilson # 950) (worker). Type distribution: unique holotype in MCZC  .

WORKER

Dimensions of holotype: TL c. 5.74; HL 1.43; HW 1.31; CI 92; SL 1.47; SI 112; PW 1.15; MTL 1.37.

Anterior clypeal margin arcuate, entire; in profile clypeus weakly convex with rather flat basal margin. Frontal triangle indicated by change in cephalic sculpture. Frontal carinae sinuate, with raised laminate lobes. Sides of head gently convex in front of eyes. Eyes only moderately convex, not reaching lateral cephalic outline in full face view. Mesosoma laterally marginate along entire length. Pronotal humeri armed with acute teeth, their margins raised and continuous with pronotal margins. Promesonotal suture distinct; metanotal groove indicated by shallow incisions in lateral margins. Propodeal dorsum with lateral margins terminating posteriorly in narowly rounded angles with weakly raised margins, appearing as small teeth in lateral view; medially propodeal dorsum rounding into declivity in an uninterrupted curve. Dorsal petiolar margin acute, with medial emargination flanked by pair of intercalary teeth; lateral margin somewhat jagged and terminates in outwards and weakly backwards directed, slender spines. Anterior face of first gastral segment concave, dorso-medial margin of concavity rather blunt.

Mandibles, clypeus and frontal triangle rather smooth, very finely, superficially shagreened with scattered minute punctures, strongly contrasting with rest of head, that is longitudinally striate with striae weakly curved on sides; striae less regular on vertex and somewhat curved along midline. Striation on pronotal dorsum distinctly converging anteriorly and medially; striae on mesonotal- propodeal dorsum converging towards propodeal declivity and oblique on sides. Petiole with both faces finely shagreened. First gastral segment longitudinally striate, striae on dorsum distinctly finer and converging medially towards anterior margin.

Head, body and appendages with numerous erect to semi-erect, whitish or silvery hairs; no hairs on mandibles and clypeus, except a few along anterior margin, and sides of head between eyes and mandibular bases. Gaster with numerous, short, backward-curved hairs, those closer to apex distinctly longer. Mostly appressed, greyish or silvery pubescence on all body surfaces, most diluted on head and pronotum, with denser patches on meso- and metapleura, lateral borders of propodeal declivity and propodeal dorsum, where it curves towards midline. Pubescence relatively abundant on gastral dorsum, but not hiding underlying sculpture.

Black or very dark brown, with funiculi and tibiae of hind legs a shade lighter. Mandibular masticatory borders, tibiae, except their basal margin and apical tarsal segments light, almost yellow with reddish tint.

Sexuals and immature stages unknown.

ETYMOLOGY

Name derived from the Latin word simulo, meaning imitate or copy, in referrence to its similarity to P. roberti  HNS  .

REMARKS

P. simulans  HNS  closely resembles P. roberti  HNS  and they share similar sculpture of the head and mesosoma, including the absence of striae on their mandibles and clypeus. However, they differ in a number of characters, of which the most distinct is the anterior clypeal margin which is entire in simulans  HNS  , while in roberti  HNS  the median portion of the margin projects as a narrow, medially emarginate lobe. In full face view the eyes do not reach the cephalic outline in simulans  HNS  , while they clearly exceed it in roberti  HNS  . In simulans  HNS  the lateral margins of the propodeal dorsum terminate in blunt rounded angles, that do not project posteriorly. In contrast, the margins in roberti  HNS  terminate in a pair of strong, broad-based, triangular, dorsally curved teeth, that project well beyond the posterior border of the propodeum. The petiole in simulans  HNS  is about as wide as high, while in roberti  HNS  it is clearly transverse, distinctly wider than high. Most of the body surfaces in simulans  HNS  have abundant, erect hairs, while only a few hairs break the outline of the head and mesosoma in roberti  HNS  .

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology

MCZC

USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology