Ruptitermes franciscoi (Snyder 1946) Snyder, 1946

Acioli, Agno Nonato Serrão & Constantino, Reginaldo, 2015, A taxonomic revision of the neotropical termite genus Ruptitermes (Isoptera, Termitidae, Apicotermitinae), Zootaxa 4032 (5), pp. 451-492 : 465-467

publication ID 10.11646/zootaxa.4032.5.1

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Ruptitermes franciscoi (Snyder 1946)

comb. nov.

Ruptitermes franciscoi (Snyder 1946) , new combination

Anoplotermes franciscoi Snyder 1959: 314 –315 (imago); Krishna et al. 2013: 1334 (catalog).

Type-material examined: VENEZUELA: Bolívar: El Pilar, 21.vii.1954, F. F Yépez & C.J. Rosales col., paratype imagoes, same sample as holotype (AMNH, MIZA). Holotype imago not examined (USNM).

Other material examined: BRAZIL: Roraima: Amajari, Ilha de Maracá , 14.v.1987, A.G. Bandeira col., workers ( INPA). VENEZUELA: Bolívar: San Francisco de Yuruani, 28.viii.2003, José Perozo col., workers (UnB- 1184). Cojedes: Girardot, Chaparral, 22.x.1986, E.M. Cancello & C.R.F. Brandão col., workers (MZSP-9974). San Carlos, 04.viii.1999, C.J. Rosales col., workers (UnB-2208). Guárico: Valle la Pascua, 09.vii.2003, José Perozo col., workers, imagoes (UnB-1619). Venezuela, no label data, imagoes and workers (UnB-2028).

Imago ( Fig. 8 View FIGURE 8 ). Head capsule reddish brown, paler around antennal sockets and darker around ocelli, with many long bristles and densely covered with short hairs, about 1/5 of the length of bristles. Eyes rounded, relatively small. Fontanelle oval, very small and concave, a little paler than head capsule. Ocelli medium-sized, distant from eyes. Frontal marks oval, small and faint. Postclypeus very light brown, much paler than head capsule; with many bristles and dense short hairs. Antenna light brown, paler than postclypeus. Mandibles similar to those of R. xanthochiton . Pronotum about the same width as head; anterior margin concave; lateral margins slightly convex, converging posteriorly; light brown, with a conspicuous elongate, white spot on midline close to anterior lobe and a smaller posterior spot; with many bristles and dense short hairs. Scutum and scutellum light brown, a little darker than pronotum; lateral margins of scutellum white. Pleural sclerites and coxae light brown; femur and tibia brownish yellow. Tergites light brown, a little paler than pronotum; sternites paler than tergites. Measurements in Table 1 View TABLE 1 .

Worker ( Figs. 9 View FIGURE 9 , 22 View FIGURE 22 F, 24J–K). Head capsule large and rounded, reddish brown, paler anteriorly, with sparse bristles and hairs of variable size. Short hairs present between fontanelle and vertex. Postclypeus light brown, with 1–2 bristles on each lobe. Fontanelle rounded and conspicuous, paler than head capsule, with well-defined border. Frontal marks faint, elliptical. Mandibles similar to those of R. xanthochiton , but with a very shallow notch on left mandible. Thoracic nota light brown, paler than head capsule, with bristles only on borders. Procoxae with 5–7 spine-like bristles of variable size on anterior surface, arranged along a curved line ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 C). Meso- and metacoxae without spine-like bristles. Protibia moderately inflated, with spine-like bristles irregularly distributed along inner margin ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 B). Tergites light brown, about the same color of thoracic nota, with two rows of bristles and many short hairs on surface. Dehiscent glands filling about 1/6 of the abdomen (reaching second abdominal segment). Enteric valve unsclerotized; ridges reticulated in a pattern similar to those of R. atyra ( Fig. 24 View FIGURE 24 E–F). Measurements in Table 2 View TABLE 2 .

Comparisons. The worker of R. franciscoi can be recognized by the very shallow notch of left mandible ( Fig. 9 View FIGURE 9 F). Compared to R. reconditus , the worker of R. franciscoi is usually larger, has a larger and more conspicuous fontanelle, and has more hairs on head capsule, especially in the region between fontanelle and vertex and on lateral sides. The enteric valve resembles that of R. atyra .

Distribution. Occurs in Venezuela and in Roraima, Brazil ( Fig. 27 View FIGURE 27 ).


Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia














Ruptitermes franciscoi (Snyder 1946)

Acioli, Agno Nonato Serrão & Constantino, Reginaldo 2015

Anoplotermes franciscoi

Krishna 2013: 1334
Snyder 1959: 314
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