Heterospilus demeter Marsh

Marsh, Paul M., Wild, Alexander L. & Whitfield, James B., 2013, The Doryctinae (Braconidae) of Costa Rica: genera and species of the tribe Heterospilini, ZooKeys 347, pp. 1-474: 338-339

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Heterospilus demeter Marsh

sp. n.

Heterospilus demeter Marsh  sp. n. Figure 228


Body size: 2.0-2.5 mm. Color: body brown to dark brown, apical metasomal terga slightly lighter brown than terga 1 and 2; scape yellow without lateral brown stripe; flagellum brown; wing veins including stigma brown; legs yellow. Head: vertex smooth; frons smooth; face smooth; temple in dorsal view narrow, sloping behind eye, width less than 1/2 eye width; malar space equal to 1/2 eye height; ocell-ocular distance 2-2.5 times diameter of lateral ocellus; 15-19 flagellomeres. Mesosoma: mesoscutal lobes granulate; notauli scrobiculate, meeting posteriorly in triangular costate area; scutellum smooth; prescutellar furrow with 1 cross carina; mesopleuron smooth; precoxal sulcus weakly scrobiculate, shorter than mesopleuron; venter smooth; propodeum with basal median areas margined, granulate, basal median carina present, areola not margined, areolar area rugose, lateral areas entirely rugose. Wings: fore wing vein r shorter than vein 3RSa, vein 1cu-a slightly beyond vein 1M; hind wing vein SC+R present, vein M+CU shorter than vein 1M. Metasoma: first tergum longitudinally costate, length equal to apical width; second tergum longitudinally costate; anterior transverse groove present, straight; posterior transverse groove present; third tergum costate basally, smooth apically; terga 4-7 smooth; ovipositor equal to length of metasomal terga 1 and 2 combined.

Holotype female.

Top label (white, partially printed and hand written) - COSTA RICA: Limón [;] 7km SW Bribri, 50m [;] I-II (or 1-11?) 1990 [;] Col. Paul Hanson; second label (red, partially printed and hand written) - HOLOTYPE [;] Heterospilus [;] demeter [;] P. Marsh. Deposited in ESUW.


1 ♀, Costa Rica, Alajuela [;] 5km. W. San Ramon [;] 1200m, I-1997 [;] O Castro & P. Hanson (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica: Puntarenas [;] Res. Forestal Golfo Dulce [;] 3km SW Rincon, 10m [;] ii.1993, P. Hanson [;] Malaise, primary forest (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica: Puntarenas [;] Peninsula Osa [;] Puerto Jimenez, 10m [;] i-ii– 1992, Paul Hanson [;] grassy, weedy site (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica: San Jose [;] Zurqui de Moravia [;] 1600m, P. Hanson [;] ix.1995 (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica: Alajuela [;] Res. Biol. San Ramon [;] 800m, iv-v.1999 [;] P. Hanson, Malaise (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, top label - Costa Rica: San José [;] San Pedro de Montes de Oca [;] 1100 m8nm 25-IV-90 [;] Col. Hanson; second label - Ficus [;] costar. (MICR).


The granulate mesoscutum, single cross carina in the prescutellar furrow and the brown flagellum are distinctive for this species.


Named for the Greek goddess of agriculture, Demeter.