Spermophora maathaiae , Bernhard A. Huber & Charles M. Warui, 2012

Bernhard A. Huber & Charles M. Warui, 2012, East African pholcid spiders: an overview, with descriptions of eight new species (Araneae, Pholcidae), European Journal of Taxonomy 29 (29), pp. 1-44: 29-31

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.29

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:28503B8D-9B2C-484D-A7A2-B44D4DC04F6D

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/133558CC-190F-45DD-8178-A130F484A205

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:133558CC-190F-45DD-8178-A130F484A205

treatment provided by

Jeremy

scientific name

Spermophora maathaiae
status

sp. nov.

Spermophora maathaiae  sp. nov.

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:act:133558CC-190F-45DD-8178-A130F484A205

Figs 46View Figs 28 - 49. — 28 - 31, 66-67View Figs 50 - 69. — 50 - 52, 92-96View Figs 92 - 96

Spermophora  ” sp. 1 indet.: Huber, 2003a: 601, map 4.

Spermophora cf. berlandi Dimitrov, Astrin & Huber 2012  ( DNA sequence data).

Diagnosis

Distinguished from very similar S. mau  sp. nov. by shape of female epigynal scape (shorter; tip wide and rounded rather than pointed; Fig. 95View Figs 92 - 96) and by details of procursus tip (slightly different shapes of sclerites; Figs 92, 93View Figs 92 - 96). From other species by male cheliceral armature (shapes of frontal apophyses; Fig. 94View Figs 92 - 96) and by widened and sclerotized tip of female epigynal scape.

Etymology

The species is named in honor of Prof. Wangari Maathai, founder of the Green Belt Movement and first African woman to win the Nobel peace prize.

Type material

Holotype

♂, in ZFMK ( Ar 8749)GoogleMaps  .

Paratypes

3 ♂♂, 6 ♀♀, in ZFMK (2 ♂♂, 5 ♀♀: Ar 8750)GoogleMaps  and NMKE (1 ♂, 1 ♀)GoogleMaps  .

Type locality

KENYA, Eastern Province, Mt. Kenya N.P., Chogoria Forest, “site 1”   GoogleMaps (0°12.1’S, 37°29.4’E), 2460 m a.s.l., 27 Jan. 2010 (B.A. Huber).

Other material examined

KENYA: Eastern Province: 3 ♀♀, 3 juvs. in pure ethanol, in ZFMK ( Ken 112), Mt. Kenya N.P., Chogoria Forest, “site 1” , same data as types aboveGoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 1 ♀, in MRAC ( 161899), Sirimon Track at 2650 m a.s.l. [0°03.8’S, 37°17.8’E], 24 Jul. 1975 (R. Bosmans)GoogleMaps  . Central Province: 1 ♀ in pure ethanol, in ZFMK ( Ken 123), Mt. Kenya N.P., Naro Moru Forest , overhanging vegetation along road cut (0°10.2’-10.6’S, 37°12.0’-13.3’E), 2800-3200 m a.s.l., 29 Jan. 2010 (B.A. Huber)GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, 3 ♀♀, in MRAC ( 215392), Castle Forest , bamboo forest at 2445 m a.s.l., 21 Apr. 2004 (R. Jocqué, C. Warui, van den Spiegel)  ; 1 ♂, in MRAC ( 215146), same data but ruins of old brick huts, 2370 m a.s.l.. 

Description

Male (holotype)

MEASUREMENTS. Total body length 3.2, carapace width 1.3. Leg 1: 20.8 (5.2 + 0.5 + 5.3 + 7.2 + 2.6), tibia 2: 3.4, tibia 3: 2.6, tibia 4: 3.4; tibia 1 L/d: 40. Distance PME-PME 240 µm, diameter PME 160 µm, distance PME-ALE 25 µm, no AME.

COLOR. Prosoma ochre-yellow with large lateral black marks, ocular area with black lateral marks, clypeus slightly darkened, sternum monochromous black, legs ochre-yellow, with darker rings on femora (subdistally) and tibiae (proximally, subdistally), abdomen grey with distinctive black pattern dorsally and laterally, ventrally mostly black.

BODY. Habitus as in Fig. 46View Figs 28 - 49. — 28 - 31; ocular area elevated, with pair of horns in front of PME (similar S. mau  , cf. Fig. 44View Figs 28 - 49. — 28 - 31, but wider apart); carapace only anteriorly with shallow thoracic furrow; clypeus unmodified. Chelicerae as in Fig. 94View Figs 92 - 96, frontal apophyses without modified hairs. Sternum wider than long (0.90/0.75), unmodified.

PALPS. In general as in S. mau  sp. nov. (cf. Figs 87, 88View Figs 87 - 91); coxa with retrolatero-ventral apophysis, trochanter with retrolateral apophysis, femur barely modified (except dorsal apophysis proximally), procursus with ventral flap and several complex distal elements that appear hinged to proximal part ( Figs 92, 93View Figs 92 - 96), bulb similar S. berlandi Fage, 1936  (cf. figs 262-263 in Huber 2003b), with two coneshaped projections and long embolus.

VARIATION. Tibia 1 in 5 other males: 5.1-5.6 (mean 5.5).

Female

In general similar to male but triads closer together (distance PME-PME 160 µm), without horns. Tibia 1 in 13 females: 4.1-4.8 (mean 4.4). Epigynum a simple plate with long posterior scape ending in wide rounded tip ( Figs 66View Figs 50 - 69. — 50 - 52, 95View Figs 92 - 96); internal genitalia as in Figs 67View Figs 50 - 69. — 50 - 52 and 96View Figs 92 - 96.

Distribution

Known from Mount Kenya only ( Fig. 27View Figs 24 - 27).

ZFMK

Germany, Bonn, Zoologische Forschungsinstitut und Museum "Alexander Koenig"

NMKE

Kenya, Nairobi, National Museum of Kenya

MRAC

Belgium, Tervuren, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale

AME

USA, Florida, Gainesville, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History, Allyn Museum

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Arachnida

Order

Araneae

Family

Pholcidae

Genus

Spermophora