Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis

Schwabe, Enrico, Sirenko, Boris I. & Seeto, Johnson, 2008, A checklist of Polyplacophora (Mollusca) from the Fiji islands, Zootaxa 1777, pp. 1-52: 15-18

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.274284

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/1E286D37-4030-FFF2-C2BB-F9A6FC90E07E

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis
status

 

Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis  (E. A. Smith in Gardiner, 1903)

( Figures 2 E, FView FIGURE 2. A – F)

Chresonymy in Kaas et al. (2006: 240).

Ischnochiton hululensis E.A. Smith  in Gardiner 1903: 619, pl. 36, figs 3–6; Nierstrasz 1906: 151, 168; Iredale & Hull 1927: 106; Kaas et al. 2006: 239.

Ischnochiton ravanae Sykes 1903: 178  , pl. 1, fig. 4 (holotype probably lost [see Kaas 1979: 867], type locality: India: Sri Lanka [ Ceylon]: Gulf of Manaar [08° 36 ’N 78 ° 35 ’E]: “Donnan’s Muttuvaratu Paar“, 14.6 m [8 fathoms]); Nierstrasz 1905 a: 30; 1906: 153; Iredale & Hull 1927: 106; Kaas 1979: 866; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 109; 1998: 156; Dell’Angelo & Smriglio 1999: 184; 2001: 184; Slieker 2000: 151; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Schwabe 2004: 3170; Kaas et al. 2006: 240.

Chiton imbricatus Nierstrasz 1905 a: 79  , pl. 2, fig. 37, pl. 7, figs 188–194 (one lectotype ZMA Moll. 3.05.0 50 [designated in Kaas 1979: 867], two paralectotypes in ZMA, type locality: Siboga  Station Nr. 250: Indonesia: Moluccas: off Kilsuin, West coast of Pulau Kur [5 ° 21 ’S 132 °00’E], 20–45 m, coral and Lithothamnion  bottom); 1906: 146; Iredale & Hull 1927: 106; Leloup 1952: 23; Kaas 1979: 866; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 62; 1998: 92; Dell’Angelo & Smriglo 1999: 184; 2001: 184; Slieker 2000: 145; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Schwabe 2004: 3170; Kaas et al. 2006: 240.

Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) hululensis  ; Nierstrasz 1905 a: 30.

Lucilina sueziensis  ; Lamy 1938: 88 (partly) (after Strack 1993: 12).

Chiton hululensis  ; Leloup 1952: 23, 56, text fig. 10, pl. 3, fig. 5; Rajagopal & Subba Rao 1974: 400, 406; Wells et al. 1990: 18, pl. 1; Barash & Danin 1992: 14; fig. 5; Bedulli, Dell’Angelo & von Salvini-Plawen 1995: 1; Dekker & Orlin 2000: 7; Slieker 2000: 48, pl. 12, fig. 17; Öztürk, Ergen & Önen 2000: 73; Wells & Slack-Smith 2000: 105; Schmidt, Glaubrecht & Golani 2001: 497; Subba Rao 2003: 51, fig. 19.2; Kaas et al. 2006: 240.

Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis  ; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 61; 1998: 91; Strack 1992: 70; 1993: 12, pl. 3, fig. 9, pl. 7, figs 8–9; Dell’Angelo & Smriglio 1999: 184, pls 62–63, fig. 112; 2001: 184, pls 62–63, fig. 112; Schwabe 2004: 3170; 2005 a: 54, pl. 2, fig. 4; 2006 a: 101, figs 1 B, 2 G –L, 5; 2006 b: 20; Koukouras & Karachle 2005: 31; Schwabe & Wanninger 2006: 218, fig. 18.1B; Kaas et al. 2006: 240, fig. 97; Burghardt et al. 2006: 30.

Tegulaplax hululensis  ; Bullock 1990: 139; Saito 1998: 153, figs 2 H, 5; 2001: 19, pl. 9, fig. 3; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Coleman 2003: 32, un-numbered text figure; Kaas et al. 2006: 240; Saito 2006 c: 121, fig. 5 E.

Chiton (Chiton) hululensis  ; Van Belle & Wranik 1991: 370, fig. 15.

Chiton huluensis  [sic]; Subba Rao & Dey 2000: 4.

Chiton lululensis  [sic]; Strack 2003: 13.

Chiton (Clathropleura) platei Thiele 1909 b: 92  , pl. 9, figs 46–48 (holotype ZMB Moll. 102061, not seen, type locality: Red Sea); Iredale & Hull 1927: 106; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 101; 1998: 146; Kilias 1995: 167; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Kaas et al. 2006: 240.

Chiton howensis Hedley & Hull 1912: 278  , pl. 13, figs 7, 7 a –g (five syntypes in AMS [one C. 33114, four C. 170802], type locality: Australia: New South Wales: Lord Howe Islands [31 ° 33 ’S 159 °05’E], fringing reef on the eastern side, on the under side or at the edge of insertion in the sand of small smooth stones, in sheltered pools, at low tide; not seen); Iredale 1914 a: 41; Iredale & Hull 1927: 106; A. G. Smith 1960: 166; Kaas 1979: 866; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 61; 1998: 91; Slieker 2000: 145; Dell’Angelo & Smriglio 1999: 184; 2001: 184; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Kaas et al. 2006: 239.

Chiton platei  ; Iredale 1914 a: 41; Leloup 1952: 23; 1960: 37, fig. 3; 1980 a: 7; 1981 a: 17; Barash & Danin 1977: 87, fig. 1; 1982: 107; 1986: 132; Mastaller 1979: 26, 238, 242, 259; Kaas 1979: 866; Barash & Danin 1992: 14; Slieker 2000: 150; Schwabe 2004: 3170.

Rhyssoplax howensis  ; Ashby 1918: 86.

Chiton (Tegulaplax) howensis  ; Thiele 1929: 20.

Tegulaplax howensis  ; Iredale & Hull 1932: 139, pl. 8, figs 17–24.

Tegulaplax matthewsi Iredale & Hull 1926 a: 172  , pl. 18, figs 26, 27 (holotype QM Mo 1214, type locality: Australia: Queensland: Torres Strait, Darnley Island [09° 35 ’S 143 ° 46 ’E], under stones in pools on coral reef, not seen); Kaas 1979: 866; Kaas & Van Belle 1980: 82; 1998: 120; Dell’Angelo & Smriglio 1999: 184; 2001: 184; Slieker 2000: 148; Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40; Kaas et al. 2006: 240.

Locus typicus: Maldives, Kaafu Atholhu, Hulhule (04° 10 ’ 59 ’’N 73 ° 31 ’ 58 ’’E) [Stn. IX], 1.8– 11 m [1–6 fathoms].

Primary type: Holotype (NHM 1903.9.17.27).

Material examined: ZSM Mol 20061632: 2 adult spms, Viti Levu, Laucala Bay, north side of Makuluva Island 18 ° 11.250 'S 178 ° 30.992 'E, under pieces of dead corals, partly embedded in fine coral sand, 0.5– 2 m, leg. Enrico Schwabe, Andreas Altnöder & Michael Schrödl, 26 August 2006, wet; ZSM Mol 20061917: 1 adult spm, Viti Levu, Laucala Bay, reef flat opposite the Suva Harbour at the fringing reef, 18 ° 10.434 'S 178 ° 24.987 'E, low tide, high amount of living corals, some sandy channels and patches, 1 m, under coral plates, leg. Andreas Altnöder, 29 August 2006, wet; ZSM Mol 20061635: 2 adult spms, Viti Levu, Laucala Bay, North of Makuluva Island, 18 ° 10.890 'S 178 ° 30.587 'E, sandy bottom with sea grass patches, under dead coral pieces, 0.5– 1 m, leg. Enrico Schwabe, 30 August 2006, wet; UF 299985View Materials: 1 subadult spm, Southwest of Yanuca Island 18 ° 21 ’ 52 ’’S 177 ° 58 ’ 43 ’’E, 10–20 m, intermittent sand patches and coral rubble, under rocks, leg. Lisa Kirkendale & Victor Bonito, 0 7 October 2001, wet; UF 292946View Materials: 2 adult spms, Viti Levu, in front of Waratah Lodge 18 ° 10 ’ 47 ’’S 177 ° 33 ’03’’E, 0.5– 1 m, reef flat, under rubble, leg. Lisa Kirkendale & Victor Bonito, 23 October 2001 (LAK-029G), wet; UF 296063View Materials: 1 subadult spm, Viti Levu, Laucala Bay, behind USP Maritime Studies buildings 18 °09’03’’S 178 ° 27 ’ 14 ’’E, 0–1 m, sand and mud reef flat, under dead coral rubble and Halimeda  sp., leg. Lisa Kirkendale & Victor Bonito, 0 6 October 2001 (LAK-005), wet; UF 297653View Materials: 1 adult spm, Viti Levu, Man Friday Resort, 80 km west of Suva [18 ° 10 ’S 177 ° 40 ’E], 0–2 m, fringing reef, freely moving on undersides of rocks, leg. Holthuis, B. & Gustav Paulay, 0 2 February 1989 (BFIJI- 428), wet. Habitat: This shallow water species seemingly has a preference for dead corals laying on fine sand.

Distribution: Kaas et al. (2006: 242) summarized the wide distribution of the species, ranging from the Tasman Sea through the Torres Strait, NE Papua New Guinea, S Vietnam, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Maldive Islands, Madagascar, Mozambique, Aden, the Red Sea and the Mediterranean coast of Israel. In addition the species was reported from the Goto Island ( Japan) by Saito (1998: 153), from Guam by Paulay (2003: Appendix) and the Christmas Islands (Indian Ocean) ( Wells et al. 1990: 18).

Remarks: This is the first record of this species from Fiji.

ZMA

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Zoologisch Museum

ZMB

Museum für Naturkunde Berlin (Zoological Collections)

ZSM

Bavarian State Collection of Zoology

USP

University of the South Pacific

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Mollusca

Class

Polyplacophora

Order

Chitonida

Family

Chitonidae

Genus

Chiton

Loc

Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis

Schwabe, Enrico, Sirenko, Boris I. & Seeto, Johnson 2008
2008
Loc

Chiton lululensis

Strack 2003: 13
2003
Loc

Chiton huluensis

Subba 2000: 4
2000
Loc

Chiton (Chiton) hululensis

Van 1991: 370
1991
Loc

Tegulaplax hululensis

Kaas 2006: 240
Saito 2006: 121
Coleman 2003: 32
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Saito 1998: 153
Bullock 1990: 139
1990
Loc

Chiton (Tegulaplax) hululensis

Schwabe 2006: 218
Kaas 2006: 240
Burghardt 2006: 30
Koukouras 2005: 31
Schwabe 2004: 3170
Smriglio 1999: 184
Strack 1992: 70
Kaas 1980: 61
1980
Loc

Ischnochiton ravanae

Kaas 2006: 240
Schwabe 2004: 3170
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Slieker 2000: 151
Smriglio 1999: 184
Kaas 1980: 109
Kaas 1979: 867
Kaas 1979: 866
Iredale 1927: 106
Nierstrasz 1905: 30
Sykes 1903: 178
1979
Loc

Chiton imbricatus

Kaas 2006: 240
Schwabe 2004: 3170
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Slieker 2000: 145
Kaas 1980: 62
Kaas 1979: 867
Kaas 1979: 866
Leloup 1952: 23
Iredale 1927: 106
Nierstrasz 1905: 79
1979
Loc

Tegulaplax matthewsi

Kaas 2006: 240
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Slieker 2000: 148
Smriglio 1999: 184
Kaas 1980: 82
Kaas 1979: 866
Iredale 1926: 172
1979
Loc

Chiton hululensis

Kaas 2006: 240
Subba 2003: 51
Schmidt 2001: 497
Dekker 2000: 7
Slieker 2000: 48
Ozturk 2000: 73
Salvini-Plawen 1995: 1
Barash 1992: 14
Wells 1990: 18
Rajagopal 1974: 400
Leloup 1952: 23
1952
Loc

Lucilina sueziensis

Strack 1993: 12
Lamy 1938: 88
1938
Loc

Tegulaplax howensis

Iredale 1932: 139
1932
Loc

Chiton (Tegulaplax) howensis

Thiele 1929: 20
1929
Loc

Chiton (Clathropleura) platei

Kaas 2006: 240
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Kilias 1995: 167
Kaas 1980: 101
Iredale 1927: 106
Thiele 1909: 92
1927
Loc

Rhyssoplax howensis

Ashby 1918: 86
1918
Loc

Chiton howensis

Kaas 2006: 239
Gowlett-Holmes 2001: 40
Slieker 2000: 145
Smriglio 1999: 184
Kaas 1980: 61
Kaas 1979: 866
Smith 1960: 166
Iredale 1927: 106
Iredale 1914: 41
Hedley 1912: 278
1914
Loc

Chiton platei

Schwabe 2004: 3170
Slieker 2000: 150
Barash 1992: 14
Mastaller 1979: 26
Kaas 1979: 866
Barash 1977: 87
Leloup 1952: 23
Iredale 1914: 41
1914
Loc

Ischnochiton hululensis

Kaas 2006: 239
Iredale 1927: 106
Nierstrasz 1906: 151
1906
Loc

Ischnochiton (Ischnochiton) hululensis

Nierstrasz 1905: 30
1905