Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007

Nascimento, Francisco E. De L. & Santos-Silva, Antonio, 2019, The “ Podus ” complex: New species and notes on some Acanthocinini (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae, Lamiinae), Zootaxa 4629 (2), pp. 195-210: 200-203

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Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007


Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007 

( Figs 11; 13–16View FIGURES 8–16. 8–10)

Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007: 1060  ; 2016: 49 View Cited Treatment (holotype); 2017: 258 (key); Monné, 2018: 154 (cat.).

Description. Male. Integument mostly dark brown, almost black; antennomeres III–IV slightly dark reddish brown except blackish basal and distal areas; antennomeres V–VII reddish brown except blackish basal and distal areas; antennomeres VIII–X yellowish-brown except dark basal and distal areas (dark area gradually lighter toward X); antennomere XI yellowish-brown except brownish, narrow basal area; hypomeron with large, circular black spot posteriorly; posterocentral area of metaventrite slightly dark reddish brown; central area of abdominal process with dark reddish-brown macula; distal half of elytra mostly yellowish brown interspersed with irregularly dark brown areas; distal half of elytra with black semicircular macula dorsally; sides of elytra with narrow, nearly cuneiformshaped black macula about midlength; distal area of abdominal ventrites I–IV slightly dark reddish brown.

Head. Frons finely, sparsely punctate; with tawny pubescence obscuring integument; with a few long, erect brownish setae close to eyes. Vertex minutely, abundantly punctate; with tawny pubescence partially obscuring integument, interspersed with yellowish-white pubescence; central depression between upper eye lobes moderately deep, widely V-shaped. Area behind upper eye lobes with sculpturing and pubescence as in vertex. Area behind lower eye lobes with sculpturing and pubescence as in vertex on wide area close to eye, smooth, glabrous toward prothoracic margin; with a few long, erect brownish setae close to eye. Genae with a few fine punctures, from each emerges long, erect dark setae; with very short, sparse tawny pubescence. Antennal tubercles with sculpturing and pubescence as on frons. Median groove moderately distinctly from clypeus to depression at vertex. Postclypeus finely, moderately sparsely punctate on wide central area, smooth laterally; with bristly tawny pubescence on wide central area, glabrous laterally; with long, erect, sparse dark setae. Labrum coplanar with anteclypeus posteriorly, gradually inclined toward anterior margin; finely, moderately abundantly punctate posteriorly, less so anteriorly; with tawny and yellowish-white pubescence posteriorly, interspersed with long, erect dark setae, distinctly sparser anteriorly. Gulamentum smooth, glabrous on wide posterior area, slightly depressed, finely, abundantly punctate, with sparse, short yellowish-white setae anteriorly; with sparse, long, erect dark setae on anterior margin. Distance between upper eye lobes 0.54 times length of scape; in frontal view, distance between lower eye lobes 0.86 times length of scape. Antennae 1.6 times elytral length, reaching elytral apex at midlength of antennomere IX. Scape gradually widened toward apex, slightly sinuous; with dense tawny pubescence except small, irregular glabrous areas. Pedicel with pubescence as on scape, except distal area with brownish, less conspicuous pubescence; anten- nomeres with pubescence as on scape. Antennal formula (ratio) based on length of antennomere III: scape = 0.84; pedicel = 0.14; IV = 0.78; V = 0.63; VI = 0.52; VII = 0.45; VIII = 0.38; IX = 0.37; X = 0.35; XI = 0.37.

Thorax. Sides with very large tubercle, from about basal third to about posterior quarter; anterior half of tu- bercle oblique, then abruptly inclined inwardly, forming rounded angle, followed by tab-shaped projection, with truncate apex, obliquely directed backward. Pronotum with large, elevated, irregular tubercle each side of middle, and with narrow, oblique, slightly elevated, carina-shaped projection toward inferior side of lateral tubercle of prothorax; anterior area between tubercles deeply, semicircularly depressed; with carina-shaped, slightly elevated gib- bosity centrally from posterior quarter to anterior depression; coarsely, moderately sparsely punctate anteriorly and posteriorly; glabrous on central gibbosity, nearly glabrous on small spot each side close to posterior margin; with nearly cuneiform, brownish pubescent macula each side of central area, from anterior third to posterior quarter (widened toward posterior area); with dense yellowish-brown pubescence on each side of central area, between brown- ish pubescence and glabrous central gibbosity, from posterior quarter to anterior depression; with elongate, central, yellowish-brown pubescent band from inside of anterior depression to anterior quarter, and arched pubescent band of same color on each side of depression; anterior and posterior quarters with yellowish-white pubescence partially obscuring integument; remaining surface with dense pale-yellow pubescence except brownish, cuneiform macula each side of anterior third. Sides of prothorax with dense tawny pubescence (more yellowish white on some areas), except dark area with black pubescence. Prosternum transversely striate; with yellow pubescence close to procoxal cavities laterally, and on posterior half centrally; remaining surface with moderately sparse yellowish-white pubes- cence. Prosternal process with yellow pubescence partially obscuring integument. Mesoventrite with yellowish pubescence, not obscuring integument on wide central area (denser centrally, including mesoventral process), yellow, denser laterally; mesanepisternum with dense yellow pubescence close to metaventrite, darker, less conspicuous on remaining surface; mesepimeron with dark, slightly conspicuous pubescence, except more distinct narrow yellow pubescent band close to metanepisternum. Metanepisternum and sides of metaventrite with pale-yellow pubescence partially obscuring integument; remaining surface of metaventrite with sparse pale-yellow pubescence; metaven- trite with very small, moderately abundant tubercles on entire wide central area. Scutellum glabrous along central area, with tawny pubescence nearly obscuring integument laterally. Elytra. Moderately finely, abundantly punctate on basal half, gradually sparser on distal half; humeri projected forward; surface entirely irregular, with small, shin- ing tubercles throughout (some of them with short brownish seta), slightly larger, distinctly more abundant on edge between dorsal and lateral areas (especially in basal half); black semicircular macula in dorsal surface of posterior half concave, with margins slightly elevated, more so in anterior margin; apex with outer angle distinctly projected, inner margin slightly concave, and sutural angle slightly projected. Pubescence as follows: tawny, dense across basal area; brownish, interspersed with irregular tawny maculae in remaining anterior third; wide semicircular grayish-white pubescent band, from anterior third to posterior quarter, not reaching suture, starting and finishing at epipleural margin, centrally interrupted by black macula; black areas with dark, slightly conspicuous pubescence; remaining surface of posterior 2/3 irregularly variegated with grayish-white, yellowish-white, and yellowish-brown pubescence; with isolated tufts of pale-yellow pubescence at posterior 2/3 along epipleural margin (more abundant in posterior third). Legs. Pro- and mesofemora with yellowish-white pubescence not obscuring integument on peduncle and most of inferior side of club, with distinctly sparser and shorter yellowish-white pubescence on entire ventral surface, with intermixed dense pale-yellow and tawny pubescence on remaining surface; peduncles slightly arched. Metafemora with pale-yellow pubescence and tawny pubescence intermixed, with scattered small, irregular, glabrous areas, except inferior surface of club with distinctly shorter grayish-white pubescence not obscuring integument; peduncle distinctly arched. Ventral surface of protibiae sinuous, with distal area distinctly projected; metatibiae strongly arched; pubescence mostly pale-yellow interspersed with scattered small, irregular glabrous areas, except distal area with pubescence more brownish.

Abdomen. Ventrites with abundant grayish-white pubescence, not obscuring integument, except anterocentral area of ventrite I with yellow pubescence. Apex of ventrite V deeply concave, with lateral apices spined.

Dimensions (mm). Total length, 15.05; prothoracic length, 2.55; anterior prothoracic width, 2.60; posterior prothoracic width, 3.25; maximum prothoracic width (between apex of lateral tubercles), 4.80; humeral width, 5.60; elytral length, 10.40.

Material examined. PERU (New country record), Junín: Satipo province (11.4596S / 74.7915W; 1650 m), 1 male, 19.01.2017, A. Kozlov & Y. Kovaleva col. ( MZSP)GoogleMaps  .

Remarks. Paranisopodus granulosus  was originally described from Panama (Chiriquí), based on a single female specimen ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 8–16. 8–10). It was deposited at MNRJ and unfortunately destroyed during the recent fire (2 September 2018).

Comparing the photograph of the holotype with the male examined, it is possible to find only a minor difference (excluding those considered sexual dimorphism, as for example, the antennal length): the apex of the lateral prothoracic tubercle is distinctly truncate in the examined male ( Fig. 14View FIGURES 8–16. 8–10), while it is acute in the holotype female ( Fig. 11View FIGURES 8–16. 8–10). However, with only a single specimen of each sex, it is impossible to know whether this difference represents another sexual dimorphism, or is simply a variable character in the species.

As occurs in some males of P. heterotarsus Monné & Martins, 1976  , it is possible that some males of P. granulosus  have the metatibiae strongly arched too. However, probably, the most common metatibial shape in males of P. granulosus  should be straight, as occurs in P. heterotarsus  .

According to Monné & Monné (2007) on P. hovorei Monné & Monné, 2007  (translated): “Metatarsomere I as long as II+III.” However, examination of the photograph of the holotype female shows that the metatarsomere I is longer than II–III together, apparently, about 1.3 times longer. Furthermore, males of P. heterotarsus  have the metatarsomere I about twice longer than II–III together. This observation makes part of the alternative of couplet “4” from Monné & Monné (2007) problematic. However, the other differences pointed out in the same alternative of couplet allow separating the species.


Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo














Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007

Nascimento, Francisco E. De L. & Santos-Silva, Antonio 2019

Paranisopodus granulosus Monné & Monné, 2007: 1060

Monne, M. A. 2018: 154
Monne, M. A. & Monne, M. L. 2016: 49
Monne, M. A. & Monne, M. L. 2007: 1060