Bittacus femoralis Klug, 1838

Machado, Renato Jose Pires, Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello & Rafael, José Albertino, 2018, The genus Bittacus Latreille (Insecta: Mecoptera) in Brazil: key to species, distribution maps, new synonym, and three new species, Zootaxa 4526 (3), pp. 303-330: 309

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4526.3.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:68ADEE66-00B7-4370-BF57-07C118ACDEB0

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/200587D4-FFBF-2856-FF4D-FE062F2DA67B

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Bittacus femoralis Klug, 1838
status

 

Bittacus femoralis Klug, 1838 

( Figs. 3bView FIGURE 3, 6cView FIGURE 6, 8hView FIGURE 8, 12bView FIGURE 12)

Bittacus femoralis: Klug, 1838:98  ; Esben-Petersen, 1921:152, 1927:13; Souza-Lopes & Mangabeira, 1942:338; Penny & Byers, 1979b:367; Penny & Arias, 1982:269; Machado et al., 2009:36, 2010:605; Machado, 2018. Thyridates femoralis: Willmann, 1983:51  ; Collucci & Amorim, 2000:7, 2001:4.

Syntypes: 2 females: ZMHB (high resolution images examined). Species also known from: Bahia (new record), Ceará (new record), Espírito Santo (new record), Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais (new record), Pará (new record), Rondônia ( Fig. 12bView FIGURE 12)  .

Bittacus femoralis  is another relatively common species in Brazil, but unlike B. diversinervis  it seems to be restricted to open areas. The species is quite abundant in Maranhão state, particularly during the rainy season ( Machado et al. 2010). Bittacus femoralis  , together with B. omega  and another two species from Argentina, B. fritzi Williner  and B. golbachi Williner  , are the only species in South America known to have an elongated lateral expansion on the male epandrium ( Williner 1990). This striking characteristic easily separates these four species from the remaining ones; however, a detailed study of these species will be of great interest in order to assess their respective taxonomic statuses.

Examined specimens. Brazil: Bahia: Encruzilhada , 15°34’35’’S– 40°56’51’’W, 15.xii.2012, J.A. Rafael & E.J. Grossi, Arm. Luz, 850m (1♀ INPA)GoogleMaps  ; Ceará: Ubajara, P N Ubajara , -3.83830 0 /-40.89803 0, 14–19.ii.2013, ML Oliveira (1♂ INPA)  ; Espírito Santo: Anchieta, Praia de Ubu , i.2006, luz, SA Vanim (1♀ MZSP)  ; Mato Grosso: Cuiabá , 6.xi.1989, Miriam Serrano (1?— CEMT)  ; 24.x.1990, Andréa Netto (1♀ CEMT)  ; Campus UFMT, 09.xi.1990, Noraney Almeida (1♀ CEMT)  ; 25.xi.1990, Herika Matsunaga (1? CEMT)  ; Minas Gerais: Águas Vermelhas, Faz. Faceiro , 15°23’56’’S– 41°23’57’’W, 12.xii.2012, J.A. Rafael & E.J. Grossi, Ar. Luz, 850m (4♀ INPA)GoogleMaps  , Pará: São Geraldo do Araguaia, Serra das Andorinhas , Cerrado , 1–10.xii.2001, Malaise, I.S. Gorayeb, et al. (3 ♀ MPEG) 

INPA

Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia

MZSP

Sao Paulo, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo

MPEG

Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Mecoptera

Family

Bittacidae

Genus

Bittacus

Loc

Bittacus femoralis Klug, 1838

Machado, Renato Jose Pires, Mendes, Diego Matheus De Mello & Rafael, José Albertino 2018
2018
Loc

Bittacus femoralis: Klug, 1838 :98

Machado, R. J. P. & Godoi, F. S. P. & Rafael, J. A. 2009: 36
Collucci, E. & Amorim, D. S. 2000: 7
Willmann, R. 1983: 51
Penny, N. D. & Arias, J. R. 1982: 269
Penny, N. D. & Byers, G. W. 1979: 367
Souza Lopes, H. de & Mangabeira, O. 1942: 338
Esben-Petersen, P. 1921: 152
Klug, J. C. F. 1838: 98
1921