Heterospilus leioenopus Marsh

Marsh, Paul M., Wild, Alexander L. & Whitfield, James B., 2013, The Doryctinae (Braconidae) of Costa Rica: genera and species of the tribe Heterospilini, ZooKeys 347, pp. 1-474: 105-106

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Heterospilus leioenopus Marsh

sp. n.

Heterospilus leioenopus Marsh  sp. n. Figure 69


Body size: 2.5-3.5 mm. Color: head usually brown, vertex sometimes darker than face; scape honey yellow without lateral longitudinal brown stripe, flagellum entirely brown; mesosoma light brown to brown, often lighter along notauli; metasoma brown to light brown; wing veins brown, stigma bicolored brown with yellow at apex, base and along anterior edge; legs yellow. Head: vertex costate; frons costate; face smooth; temple in dorsal view narrow, width less than 1/2 eye width; malar space equal to eye height; ocell-ocular distance slightly greater than twice diameter of lateral ocellus; 21-26 flagellomeres. Mesosoma: mesoscutal lobes granulate; notauli scrobiculate, meet ing at scutellum in triangular rugose area; scutellum granulate; prescutellar furrow with 3 cross carinae; mesopleuron granulate; precoxal sulcus weakly scrobiculate or smooth, shorter than mesopleuron; venter granulate; propodeum with basal median areas margined, granulate, basal median carina present, areola usually not distinctly margined, occasionally weakly margined apically, areolar area rugose, lateral areas entirely rugose. Wings: fore wing vein r slightly shorter than vein 3RSa, vein 1cu-a beyond vein 1M; hind wing vein SC+R present, vein M+CU shorter than vein 1M. Metasoma: first tergum longitudinally costate, apical width equal to length; second tergum longitudinally costate, width about 4 times length; anterior transverse groove present, sinuate; posterior transverse groove present; third tergum costate at base, smooth apically; terga 4-7 smooth; ovipositor equal in length to metasoma, rarely slightly longer.

Holotype female.

Top label (white, partially printed and hand written) - Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Santa Rosa Natl. Park [;] 300m, ex. Malaise trap [;] Site #: (blank) [;] Dates: 23. iii– 13.iv.1986 [;] I.D. Gauld & D. Janzen; second label (white, printed) - [H] open regenerating [;] woodland <10 year old [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible; third label (red, partially printed and hand written) - HOLOTYPE [;] Heterospilus [;] leioenopus [;] P. Marsh. Deposited in ESUW.


6 ♀♀, same data as holotype with dates of 13. iv– 4.v.1986, 21. ii– 14.iii.1987, 18. i– 8.ii.1986 and 26. vii– 14.viii.1986, and second labels [H] open regenerating [;] woodland <10yr old [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated pert of day, [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 50yr old deciduous forest [;] [C] more or less fully [;] shaded as possible, and [SE] Bosque San Emilio [;] 0yr old deciduous forest [;] [O] in clearing, fully [;] isolated pert of day (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, COSTA RICA: [;] San Jose [;] Ciudad Colon, 800m [;] xii.1989-i.1990 [;] Luis Fournier (ESUW). 1 ♀, COSTA RICA: [;] San Jose [;] Ciudad Colon [;] 800m, iii-iv 1990 [;] Col. Luis Fournier (ESUW). 1 ♀, Costa Rica: Guanacaste [;] Est. Biol. Maritza, 600m [;] i.1997, C. Zuniga, Malaise [;] L.N. 326900-373000 #47557 (ESUW). 2 ♀♀, S.RosaPark, Guan. [;] C. Rica 3 Feb 78 and 24 Feb 78 [;] D.H. Janzen [;] Dry Hill (AEIC).


The smooth face and the shorter metasomal tergum 1 are distinctive for this species.


The specific name is from the Greek leios meaning smooth and the Greek enope meaning face in reference to the smooth face.