Cafius Stephens 1829

Chani-Posse, Mariana, Newton, Alfred F., Hansen, Aslak Kappel & Solodovnikov, Alexey, 2018, Checklist and taxonomic changes for Central and South American Philonthina (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), Zootaxa 4449 (1), pp. 1-95: 31-33

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4449.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:0734DC4E-2C9B-4CD2-B8FE-8F94589200E6

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/215187C8-4C36-B369-FF6B-F938F416D424

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Cafius Stephens 1829
status

 

Cafius Stephens 1829 

Cafius Stephens 1829a: 23  , attributed to Leach. Type species: Staphylinus xantholoma Gravenhorst, 1806  , designated by Curtis 1830: pl. 322.

= Euremus Bierig 1934: 68  , nomen nudum (as subgenus of Cafius  ; no type species designation).

= Euremus Blackwelder 1943: 435  (as subgenus of Cafius  ; validation of Euremus Bierig  by designation of type species). Type species: Philonthus bistriatus Erichson, 1840  .

Notes: There are 44 valid species of Cafius  distributed worldwide from the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Mediterranean and Red Sea coasts (Newton unpublished database). Among them, 11 species have been recorded from the Neotropical region and two species from Southern South America ( Chile). Notwithstanding C. bisulcatus (Solier)  and C. xantholoma (Solier)  from Chile, the remaining species show a broader distribution in the Nearctic region. Jeon et al. (2012) found Cafius  and most of its subgenera not to be monophyletic, with Remus  and some other small non-CASA genera nested within the genus, and therefore did not recognize subgenera. Chani-Posse et al. (2018) also show Cafius  as a non-monophyletic genus, whose representatives form a species complex in a potential sister-group relationship to the so called Philonthus  complex. The current concept of the genus is that of Smetana (1995).

Cafius bistriatus bistriatus ( Erichson 1840) 

Philonthus bistriatus Erichson 1840: 502  . Type locality: America septentrionalis Insula Longa [Long Island]. Type depository: ZMHB HT. Distribution: Canada (NB, NL, NS, PE, QC), USA (east coast), Mexico (Caribbean coast), Venezuela, Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, DR, Puerto Rico, Mona Is., Virgin Is., Antigua, Barbados, Carriacou, Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, Tobago, Trinidad,?Galápagos Is. Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel 1874: 196)  ; ssp. bistriatus (Erichson) in Frank & Ahn (2011: 33)  ; distribution (Orth & Moore 1980, Frank et al. 1986, Frank & Ahn 2011), within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution, also within Cuba ( Peck 2005), Dominica (Peck 2006), Barbados ( Peck 2009a), Lesser Antilles ( Peck 2011a: Northern Leeward Is., Peck et al. 2014: Guadeloupe Archipelago); species (as " cf. bistriatus  ", not identified to subspecies) reported from Galápagos Islands by Newton & Peck (2006).

= Philonthus bilineatus Erichson 1840: 503  . Type locality: ins St. Johannis [St. John, Virgin Is.]. Type depository: ZMHB HT. Distribution: Virgin Is. (St. John). Note: as Cafius  , comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Scheerpeltz 1933: 1369)  ; as synonym of C. bistriatus Blackwelder (1943: 438)  .

Cafius bistriatus fulgens Frank 1986 

Cafius bistriatus fulgens Frank et al. 1986: 153  . Type locality: Mulege, Baja California Sur. Type depository: CNC HT ♂, 13 PT. Distribution: USA (California), Mexico (northwest). Note: ssp. fulgens Frank  and distribution (Frank et al. 1986: 153, Frank & Ahn 2011: 33) within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002).

Cafius bisulcatus ( Solier 1849) 

Staphylinus bisulcatus Solier 1849: 314  . Type locality: [no specific locality] [Chile]. Type depository: MNHN? #?ST. Distribution: Chile;?Australia. Notes: as Philonthus ( Fairmaire & Germain 1862: 432)  ; comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel 1874: 196)  ; distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011), within Chile ( Ferrú & Elgueta 2011).

Cafius canescens (Mäklin1852) 

Philonthus canescens Mannerheim 1852: 313  . Type depository: MCZ LT ♀. Type locality: insula Edgecombe. Distribution: Canada (w), USA (w), Mexico. Note: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel 1874: 196)  ; lectotype designation, redescription, distribution (Orth & Moore 1980: 186); distribution within Mexico (Navarrete- Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius caribeanus Bierig 1934 

Cafius caribeanus Bierig 1934: 68  (as a variety of C. corallicola (Fairmaire)). Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH 2 ST. Type locality: Playa de Marianao, Cuba. Distribution: USA, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela, Brazil, Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Antigua, Carriacou, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, St. Croix, Trinidad. Notes: as a valid species ( Blackwelder 1943: 437); distribution (Orth & Moore 1980, Peck 2011b), also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution, also within Cuba ( Peck 2005), Dominica (Peck 2006), Lesser Antilles ( Peck 2011a: Northern Leeward Is., Peck et al. 2014: Guadeloupe Archipelago); distribution including USA ( Frank & Ahn 2011); distribution including Panama, also within Brazil (Asenjo et al. 2013).

Cafius decipiens ( LeConte 1863) 

Philonthus decipiens LeConte 1863: 40  . Type locality: San Diego, California [ North America ]  . Type depository:

MCZ LT ♂, 2 PLT?. Distribution: USA (CA), Mexico. Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel 1874: 196)  ; distribution, also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); lectotype designation, redescription, distribution (Orth & Moore 1980: 192); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius lithocharinus ( LeConte 1863) 

Philonthus lithocharinus LeConte 1863: 38  . Type locality: San Diego, California. Type depository: MCZ LT ♂, 3 PLT?. Distribution: Canada (w), USA (w), Mexico. Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Horn 1884: 236)  ; lectotype designation, redescription (Orth & Moore 1980: 189); distribution (Orth & Moore 1980, Moore & Andrews 1985); distribution, also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius luteipennis Horn 1884 

Cafius luteipennis Horn 1884: 237  . Type locality: "California seacoast". Type depository: MCZ LT ♂, 9+PLT. Distribution: Canada (w), USA (w), Mexico. Notes: lectotype designation, redescription (Orth & Moore 1980: 191); distribution (Orth & Moore 1980, Moore & Andrews 1985); distribution, also within Mexico (Navarrete- Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius opacus ( LeConte 1863) 

Philonthus opacus LeConte 1863: 40  . Type locality: San Diego, California [North America]. Type depository: MCZAbout MCZ LT ♂, 3+ PLT?. Distribution: Canada, USA, Mexico. Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel, 1874: 196)  ; lectotype designation, redescription, distribution (Orth & Moore 1980: 187); distribution, also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

= Philonthus dubius LeConte 1863: 39  (preoccupied, junior primary homonym of Philonthus dubius Heer 1839: 278  ). Type locality: San Diego, California [North America]. Type depository: MCZ HT. Distribution: USA (California). Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel 1874: 196)  ; as synonym of C. opacus ( Bernhauer & Schubert 1914: 363)  .

Cafius rufifrons Bierig 1934 

Cafius (Euremus) rufifrons Bierig 1934: 68  . Type depository: FMNHAbout FMNH HT, 1 PT. Type locality: Playa de Marianao, Cuba. Distribution: USA (FL), Cuba, Puerto Rico. Notes: as synonym of C. bistriatus ( Blackwelder 1943: 438)  but as valid species (Orth & Moore 1980: 198); distribution (Frank et al. 1986, Jeon et al. 2012), also within Cuba ( Peck 2005); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius seminitens Horn 1884 

Cafius seminitens Horn 1884: 236  . Type locality: " California seacoast". Type depository: MCZAbout MCZ LT ♂. Distribution: Canada, USA, Mexico. Notes: lectotype designation, redescription (Orth & Moore 1980: 183); distribution (Orth & Moore 1980); distribution, also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius subtilis Cameron 1922 

Cafius subtilis Cameron 1922: 121  . Type locality: Jamaica. Type depository: BMNH #? ST. Distribution: USA (FL), Cuba, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, St. Croix, Dominica, Antigua, Guadeloupe, Mona, Montserrat, St. Croix, St. Kitts. Notes: Note: distribution, also within Cuba ( Peck 2005), Dominica (Peck 2006); Lesser Antilles ( Peck 2011a: Northern Leeward Is., Peck et al. 2014: Guadeloupe Archipelago); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius sulcicollis ( LeConte 1863) 

Philonthus sulcicollis LeConte 1863: 40  . Type locality: San Diego, California [North America]. Type depository: MCZAbout MCZ LT ♂, 3 PLT?. Distribution: USA, Mexico. Notes: comb. nov. ex Philonthus ( Fauvel, 1874: 196)  ; lectotype designation, redescription, distribution (Orth & Moore 1980: 194); distribution, also within Mexico ( Navarrete-Heredia et al. 2002); distribution ( Frank & Ahn 2011).

Cafius xantholoma ( Gravenhorst, 1806)  [adventive in CASA, or misidentification?]

Staphylinus xantholoma Gravenhorst 1806: 41  . Type depository: ZMHB?. Type locality: Rostochii. Distribution: Europe, Ukraine, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Turkey, Azores, Canary Is., Iceland; adventive? in South Africa, Chile. Notes: comb. nov. ex Staphylinus ( Curtis, 1829: 26)  ; South Africa record FMNHAbout FMNH (not in Herman 2001d); distribution within Chile ( Ferrú & Elgueta 2011); Chile as "later shown to be based on misidentification" ( Frank & Ahn 2011: 56) but without reference to source; Neotropical (i.e., Chile) also indicated as adventive ( Schülke & Smetana 2015: 1020).

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

MCZ

Museum of Comparative Zoology

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Coleoptera

Family

Staphylinidae

Loc

Cafius Stephens 1829

Chani-Posse, Mariana, Newton, Alfred F., Hansen, Aslak Kappel & Solodovnikov, Alexey 2018

2018
Loc

Cafius

Stephens 1829a : 23

Loc

Euremus

Bierig 1934 : 68

Loc

Euremus

Blackwelder 1943 : 435

Loc

Philonthus bistriatus

Erichson 1840 : 502 Fauvel 1874: 196 Frank & Ahn (2011: 33)

Loc

Philonthus bilineatus

Erichson 1840 : 503 Scheerpeltz 1933 : 1369 Blackwelder (1943: 438)

Loc

Staphylinus bisulcatus

Solier 1849 : 314 Fairmaire & Germain 1862: 432 Fauvel 1874: 196

Loc

Philonthus canescens

Mannerheim 1852 : 313 Fauvel 1874: 196 Moore 1980 : 186

Loc

Cafius caribeanus

Bierig 1934 : 68 Blackwelder 1943: 437

Loc

Philonthus decipiens

LeConte 1863 : 40

Loc

Philonthus lithocharinus

LeConte 1863 : 38 Horn 1884: 236 Moore 1980 : 189

Loc

Cafius luteipennis

Horn 1884 : 237 Moore 1980 : 191

Loc

Philonthus opacus

LeConte 1863 : 40 Fauvel, 1874: 196 Moore 1980 : 187

Loc

Philonthus dubius

LeConte 1863 : 39 Fauvel 1874: 196 Bernhauer & Schubert 1914: 363

Loc

Cafius (Euremus) rufifrons

Bierig 1934 : 68 Blackwelder 1943: 438 Moore 1980 : 198

Loc

Cafius seminitens

Horn 1884 : 236 Moore 1980 : 183

Loc

Cafius subtilis

Cameron 1922 : 121

Loc

Philonthus sulcicollis

LeConte 1863 : 40 Fauvel, 1874: 196 Moore 1980 : 194

Loc

Staphylinus xantholoma

Gravenhorst 1806 : 41 Curtis, 1829: 26 Frank & Ahn 2011: 56 Schülke & Smetana 2015 : 1020