Macrobrachium sirindhorn Naiyanetr, 2001

Hanamura, Yukio, Imai, Hideyuki, Lasasimma, Oulaytham, Souliyamath, Pany & Ito, Sayaka, 2011, Freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium Bate, 1868 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Palaemonidae) from Laos, Zootaxa 3025, pp. 1-37: 23-24

publication ID 10.5281/zenodo.204065

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Macrobrachium sirindhorn Naiyanetr, 2001


Macrobrachium sirindhorn Naiyanetr, 2001 

( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13)

Macrobrachium sirindhorn Naiyanetr, 2001: 610  , figs. 1, 2, pl. 1; Cai et al. 2004, 638, figs. 21, 22.

Material examined. Vientiane Province: Pang River, Kasi District, 3 males (CL 10.8 –16.0 mm), 1 female (CL. 7.5 mm), 2 ovig. females (CL 11.0 mm, 11.7 mm), 22 May 2008, hand net, coll. S. Ito et al.; Song River, Vang Vieng District, 1 male (CL 14.6 mm), 4 females (CL 10.5–12.5 mm), 1 ovig. female (CL 11.2 mm), 22 Dec 2007, hand net, coll. S. Ito et al.; Kasi District, 2 females (CL 11.6 mm, 12.8 mm), 29 Jan 2008, coll. local children & S. Ito; Kasi District, 9 males (CL 10.3–15.7 mm), 1 female (CL 10.3 mm), 4 ovig. females (CL 10.0– 10.8 mm), 30 Jan 2009, hand net, coll. S. Ito et al.; Kasi District, 3 males (CL 6.1–8.2 mm), 2 females (CL 7.0 mm, 7.5 mm), 4 juvs. (CL 5.4–5.5 mm), 30 Jan 2009, hand net, coll. S. Ito et al.; Kasi District, 22 males (CL 6.6 –16.0 mm), 20 female (CL 6.5–8.9 mm), 10 ovig. females (CL 8.8 –10.0 mm), 3 juvs. (CL 5.3 –6.0 mm), 30 Jan 2009, hand net, coll. S. Ito et al.

Diagnosis. Body medium-sized and moderately robust ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 a).

Rostrum ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 a) slightly directed ventrad, barely reaching to slightly overreaching antennular peduncle, 0.45–0.55 times as long as carapace, dorsal margin weakly convex, with 10 or 11 teeth including 3–5, commonly 4, placed posterior to orbital margin (occupying about 30–40 % of total carapace length), ventrally with 1–3, normally 2, teeth. Antennal lobe moderately developed, antennal spine marginal, rather long, extending well beyond antennal lobe; hepatic spine smaller than antennal spine, situated backwardly, distinctly below level of antennal spine.

Abdomen ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 a) with sixth somite 1.35–1.5 times as long as fifth, with sharp pre-anal carina; pleuron of fourth somite rounded posteroventrally and that of fifth angulated: first 3 sternal plates each with well developed median tooth. Telson 1.35–1.6 times as long as sixth abdominal somite, posterior end triangular, with 2 pairs of ordinary sub-terminal spines, of which lateral pair much smaller than mesial pair, 2 pairs of dorsolateral spines present, anterior pair of which placed near mid-length.

Antenna with scale about 0.55–0.65 times as long as carapace, 2.7 –3.0 times as long as wide, lateral margin weakly convex, distolateral spine strong, falling distinctly short of anterior margin. Epistome ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 b) with distinct anteromedian process (tri-lobed).

First pereopods overreaching antennal scale by distal one-third of carpus and onward, fingers as long as or slightly shorter than palm. Second pereopods ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 a, d –i) in adult males distinctly unequal in size, somewhat dissimilar in shape, palm and fingers commonly covered with velvety setae on both sides: major pereopod extending fully beyond antennal scale by chela, and its length sub-equal or slightly shorter than total body length; merus inflated at mid-length, about twice length of carpus, with scattered small spinules on distolateral part and occasionally with velvety setae on mesial margin; carpus nearly cup-shaped, about 1.5 times or slightly more than its maximum height, occasionally covered with velvety setae on distal and distolateral parts; palm slightly inflated, as long as or slightly longer than merus; fingers not gaped when closed, 0.55–0.85 times as long as palm (proportionately longer in females), with 9–14 teeth on cutting edges; minor leg extending fully beyond antennal scale by chela; merus slightly longer than palm, latter as long as fingers, often bearing velvety setae on ventral margins but setae occasionally sparse or even absent (setae usually absent in females); ischium with or without velvety setae on ventral margin. Third pereopod ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 j) slightly extending beyond antennal scale, propodus 2.5–3.1 times as long as dactylus, armed with 4 or 5 spines on ventral margin; dactylus moderately robust, anterior margin with a row of stout setae and also ventral margin with a few sets of setae.

Appendix masculina ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 k) about twice length of appendix interna, with numerous stiff setae on anterolateral margin and mesial surface. Uropodal expod ( Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 b) sub-equal in length to endopod, movable spine on diaeresis distinctly shorter than lateral projection.

Egg. Non-eyed eggs oblong, medium-sized, measuring 1.10–1.30 x 1.65–1.80 mm.

Remarks. Previous researchers (Naiyanetr 2001; Cai et al. 2004) have stressed, on the basis of Thai  specimens, that this species has velvety setae on the ventral margin of the merus of the second pereopods. In our specimens, however, this feature showed considerable variation from one specimen to another from complete absence to dense setae (see Fig. 13View FIGURE 13 g –i), and females usually did not have setae on the merus and ischium. The number of teeth on the cutting edges of the fingers was slightly larger in Laotian specimens than in those reported in Thailand (9–14 vs. 8–10 teeth). However, we do not regard these differences as significant at species level.

Macrobrachium sirindhorn  belongs to the “ M. pilimanus (De Man, 1879)  ” species group, in which 16 species have been recognised to date (Cai et al. 2004; Wowor & Short 2007). Morphologically, M. sirindhorn  shows close resemblance to M. hirsutimanus ( Tiwari, 1952)  , which is known from Myanmar and Thailand (Cai et al. 2004). According to the published data, this species distinctively differs from the latter by the possession of a tri-lobed epistome instead of a bi-lobed one (see Cai et al. 2004). Moreover, this species differs from M. hirsutimanus  in the following specific features: 1) the propodus of the third pereopod of M. sirindhorn  is proportionately longer than M. hirsutimanus  (0.25–0.31 times of dactylus vs. 0.20–0.25); 2) posterior margin of the dactylus with a few tufts of setae as opposed to a naked one; 3) cutting edges of the fingers of the second pereopods bear smaller number of teeth (<10 vs.> 10). These differences are minor but may warrant the distinction between the two populations.

Macrobrachium sirindhorn  also resembles M. ahkowi Chong & Khoo, 1987  and M. malayanum ( Roux, 1934)  . The latter two species differ from M. sirindhorn  in the following specific features: M. ahkowi  has a rostrum bearing more dorsal teeth (12–17, usually 14 or 15, teeth vs. ≤ 11), while M. malayanum  possesses a remarkably large tooth (or teeth) on the fingers of the second pereopod ( Chong & Khoo 1987 a, b).

Our preliminary analysis of the mitochondrial gene (16 S rRNA) has demonstrated that M. sirindhorn  forms a distinct clade from M. amplimanus  , M. dienbienphuense  , and M. eriocheirum  by the presence of substantial substitutions in several nucleotides (Imai et al. unpubl. data).

Of 20 specimens examined, 25 % of them were right-handed (right second pereopod larger than left one) (Hanamura et al. unpubl. data).

Distribution. Macrobrachium sirindhorn  has been recorded from northern Thailand (Cai et al. 2004). This species was commonly captured from several streams around Vang Vieng in central Laos.














Macrobrachium sirindhorn Naiyanetr, 2001

Hanamura, Yukio, Imai, Hideyuki, Lasasimma, Oulaytham, Souliyamath, Pany & Ito, Sayaka 2011

Macrobrachium sirindhorn

Naiyanetr 2001: 610

M. ahkowi

Chong & Khoo 1987

M. hirsutimanus (

Tiwari 1952

M. malayanum (

Roux 1934

M. pilimanus

De Man 1879