Telothyria peltata Fleming & Wood,

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Dapkey, Tanya, Hallwachs, Winnie & Janzen, Daniel, 2020, Revision of Telothyria van der Wulp (Diptera: Tachinidae) and twenty-five new species from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica with a key to Mesoamerican species, Biodiversity Data Journal 8, pp. 47157-47157: 47157

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.8.e47157

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:1EB383EF-4925-4AC6-821D-E622BD60C371

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/ED8375CB-4D25-4CCB-BA99-BD3EAFE3C62A

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:ED8375CB-4D25-4CCB-BA99-BD3EAFE3C62A

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Telothyria peltata Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Telothyria peltata Fleming & Wood  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0050298; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Gloria Sihezar; individualID: DHJPAR0050298; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGAZ1612-12, 12-SRNP-3715,; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector San Cristobal; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Huerta; verbatimElevation: 527; verbatimLatitude: 10.9305; verbatimLongitude: -85.3722; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9305; decimalLongitude: -85.3722; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 30-Sep-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0050636; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Edwin Apu; individualID: DHJPAR0050636; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA3228-13, 12-SRNP-81895, BOLD:AAZ2421; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Jacobo; verbatimElevation: 461; verbatimLatitude: 10.9408; verbatimLongitude: -85.3177; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9408; decimalLongitude: -85.3177; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 06-Dec-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0049621; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Calixto Moraga; individualID: DHJPAR0049621; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYB2415-12, 12-SRNP-30992,; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Sector Pitilla; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Carica; verbatimElevation: 660; verbatimLatitude: 10.9928; verbatimLongitude: -85.4294; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9928; decimalLongitude: -85.4294; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 07-Jul-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0055866; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Gloria Sihezar; individualID: DHJPAR0055866; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYH2598-14, 14-SRNP-2839, BOLD:AAZ2421; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Camino Albergue Oscar; verbatimElevation: 560; verbatimLatitude: 10.8774; verbatimLongitude: -85.3236; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8774; decimalLongitude: -85.3236; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 29-Jun-2014; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0010228; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Jose Perez; individualID: DHJPAR0010228; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAV754-06, 06-SRNP-41511,; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Finca Aurita; verbatimElevation: 460; verbatimLatitude: 10.8841; verbatimLongitude: -85.2573; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.8841; decimalLongitude: -85.2573; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 01-Jun-2006; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0046467; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Keiner Aragon; individualID: DHJPAR0046467; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ACGBA640-12, 11-SRNP-68225, BOLD:AAF0519; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Palomo; verbatimElevation: 96; verbatimLatitude: 10.9619; verbatimLongitude: -85.2804; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9619; decimalLongitude: -85.2804; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 14-Jan-2012; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0037498; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Elda Araya; individualID: DHJPAR0037498; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYC4243-10, 09-SRNP-7111, BOLD:AAZ2421; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector San Cristobal; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: Puente Palma; verbatimElevation: 460; verbatimLatitude: 10.9163; verbatimLongitude: -85.3787; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9163; decimalLongitude: -85.3787; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 01-Feb-2010; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0040931; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen, W. Hallwachs & Anabelle Cordoba; individualID: DHJPAR0040931; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASHYF846-11, 10-SRNP-43830,; Taxon: scientificName: Telothyriapeltata; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Telothyria; specificEpithet: peltata; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood, 2018; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Alajuela; county: Sector Rincon Rain Forest; locality: Area de Conservacion Guanacaste ; verbatimLocality: San Lucas; verbatimElevation: 320; verbatimLatitude: 10.9185; verbatimLongitude: -85.3034; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 10.9185; decimalLongitude: -85.3034; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2018; Event: samplingProtocol: Reared from the larva of the Crambidae, Herpetogramma Janzen07; verbatimEventDate: 22-Nov-2010; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps 

Description

Male. Length: 5-9 mm (Fig. 39). Head (Fig. 39 b): frons narrow, 1/6 of head width; gena 1/9 of head height; three reclinate orbital setae; anteriormost reclinate orbital one 1/2 times longer than uppermost frontal seta; ocellar setae present but so small as to appear absent; outer vertical seta absent; fronto-orbital plate gold on uppermost 30%, ocellar triangle concolorous and contiguous with gold vertex; fronto-orbital plate with short blonde hairs interspersed among frontal setae; parafacial brilliant silver; facial ridge bare; palpus digitiform, sparsely haired along outer margin; arista orange-brown plumose, distinctly-thickened on basal 1/10, microtrichia at most 3X as long as width of arista; postpedicel orange over at most 50% of surface; postocular region behind margin of eye upper half gold, with lower half including gena silver tomentose; upper half of occiput gold tomentose. Thorax (Fig. 39 a, c): golden tomentose, with four distinct dorsal stripes; thorax covered in dense plumose blonde hairs laterally, with blonde non-plumose hairs dorsally; chaetotaxy: 4-5 postpronotal setae, basal setae arranged in a straight line; supra-alar setae 2:3; intra-alar setae 1-2:3; dorsocentral setae 3:3; acrostichal setae 3:3; katepisternum with two setae. Scutellum golden tomentose; two pairs of strong marginal setae (basal and subapical) and a small pair of crossed apical scutellar setae 1/5th as long as subapical scutellars; basal scutellar setae subequal in length to subapical setae; subapical setae straight to slightly divergent; underside of scutellum bearing regular non-plumose blonde hairs below basal scutellar setae. Legs: foreleg yellow ground color, midleg yellow coxa and half of femur yellow, remainder of femur and tarsi and tibia brown, hindleg dark brown extending from halfway along femur to tarsi; anterior leg tibia with regular fringe of short equally spaced setae along upper half of anteroventral surface, with one posterodorsal setae. Wings: basicosta ivory white; all veins bare, with only 1-2 setulae at base of R4+5; calypters pale white translucent with a pale yellow fringe. Abdomen (Fig. 39 a, c): ground color yellow-orange; ST1+2 brown over medial 30%, with yellow ventrolaterally, extending into a longitudinal middorsal brown stripe up to posterior edge of T4; T3 and T4 with dense gold tomentum along anterior marginal 10%, thinning and extending over remainder of tergite; T5 entirely orange with gold tomentum and a basal medial brown triangle; median marginal setae present only on T4 and T5; median discal setae absent. Male terminalia (Fig. 39 d, e, f): Sternite 5 with a narrow and shallow almost slit-like median cleft, lobes almost touching at midline, margins lightly pollinose; lateral lobes of sternite rounded apically, with 3-4 short weak setulae; basal section of sternite 5 subequal to slightly longer than length of apical lobes, median cleft only 1/4 length of apical section. Cerci in posterior view sharply pointed triangular slightly widening midlength to a slight rectangular shoulder along the basal section, equal in length to surstyli, fused along entire length; in lateral view, with a strong downward curve on apical 1/3; several strong widely spaced setulae along basal 2/3rds. Surstylus in lateral view, almost equilateral along its length rounded at tip, slightly pinched at midpoint appearing digitiform or clubbed; surstylus appearing fused with epandrium; when viewed dorsally surstyli appear straight, almost parallel at apices. Distiphallus 1.5X as long as basiphallus and tubular, slightly pointed at apex.

Female. Length: 5-7 mm (Fig. 40). Head (Fig. 40 b): as in male with the following exceptions: fronto-orbital plate 30% gold; parafacial brilliant silver; frons 1/4 of head width; two inner reclinate orbital setae; two proclinate orbital setae; outer vertical seta present. Thorax (Fig. 40 a, c): katepisternum with two setae; meron without any plumose hairs only 5-6 typical meral setae. Legs: foreleg yellow ground color, midleg yellow ground color on coxa, with brown overtones on femur, tarsi and tibia, hindleg with yellow basally darkening to brown apically up to dark brown tarsi; anterior leg tibia with regular fringe of short irregularly spaced setae along upper half of anteroventral surface, with 1-2 posterodorsal setae. Abdomen (Fig. 40 a, c): ground color brown dorsally on ST1+2 and T3 with orange laterally; T4 entirely brown ground color; T5 as in male.

Diagnosis

Telothyria peltata  sp. n. can be distinguished from all other Telothyria  by the following combination of traits: ocellar setae minimal but present, postpedicel mostly maroon-black with orange only directly adjacent to pedicel, plumose hairs absent from thorax dorsally, katepisternum with two setae, and T5 yellow with silver tomentum, underside of scutellum bearing regular non-plumose blonde hairs below basal scutellar setae. Differs from T. incisa  in the male terminalia where sternite 5 has an almost slit-like median cleft, lobes almost touching at midline, 1/4 length of anterior plate section of sternite 5.

Etymology

Telothyria peltata  sp. n. From the Greek noun " pelta ", meaning "small shield", in reference to the shield-like shape of sternite 5.

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG, Alajuela and Guanacaste Provinces, 460-560 m elevation.

Ecology

Telothyria peltata  sp. n. has been reared 12 times from one species of Lepidoptera  in the family Crambidae  : Herpetogramma  Janzen07 in rain forest.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Telothyria