Aenictus samungi , Jaitrong, Weeyawat & Ruangsittichai, Jiraporn, 2018

Jaitrong, Weeyawat & Ruangsittichai, Jiraporn, 2018, Two new species of the Aenictuswroughtonii species group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Dorylinae) from Thailand, ZooKeys 775, pp. 103-115: 103

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Aenictus samungi

sp. n.

Aenictus samungi  sp. n. Figs 3, 5


Holotype (THNHM-I-02615, THNHM) and 15 paratype workers (THNHM-I-02616, MHNG, SKYC, THNHM, USNM), Thailand, Tak Province, Um Phang District, Thung Yai Wildlife Sanctuary, Yuyi Junction, DEF (dry evergreen forest), 15.44861111°N, 99.04694444°E, ca 1100 m a.s.l., 25.IX.2016, W. Jaitrong leg., TH16-WJT-1069.

Non-type material examined.

One worker, Thailand, Tak Province, Near Myanmar border, Tung Yai [Thung Yai] W.S., 23.V.1999, W. Jaitrong leg. (THNHM).


Holotype: HL 0.41; HW 0.31; ML 0.53; PH 0.17; PL 0.12; SL 0.20; TL 1.75; CI 76; PI 143; SI 63. Paratypes (n = 11): HL 0.40-0.43; HW 0.31-0.33; ML 0.51-0.53; PH 0.17-0.18; PL 0.12-0.13; SL 0.20-0.23; TL1.72-1.78; CI 76-80; PI 138-143; SI 63-70.

Description of Worker.

(holotype and paratypes; Fig. 3). Head in full-face view clearly longer than broad, with its sides weakly convex and posterior margin almost straight or feebly concave. Antennal scape short, only slightly extending mid-length of head; antennal segment II (pedicel) clearly longer than each of III–VI; X longer than VII, VIII and IX combined. Frontal carinae fused at level of anterior margin of torulus, extending beyond level of posterior margin of torulus. Clypeus short, with its anterior margin bearing 7 denticles. Mandible subtriangular, with apical tooth large and curved, followed by a medium-sized subapical tooth, 4-5 minute teeth and a medium-sized basal tooth on masticatory margin. Mesosoma in profile almost flat dorsally; metanotal groove distinct. Propodeum in profile with a nearly straight dorsal outline; propodeal junction rounded; propodeal declivity weakly convex, not encircled by a rim. Petiole including subpetiolar process shorter than high, with its dorsal outline convex; subpetiolar process rather developed, with its ventral outline roundly convex, without angle or tooth; postpetiole shorter than petiole and shorter than high, in profile slightly elevated posteriorly.

Head, antennal scape, promesonotum, propodeal dorsum, petiole, postpetiole, gaster, femora and tibiae of legs entirely or extensively smooth and shiny; mesopleuron, metapleuron and lateral face of propodeum superficially reticulate. Antennal flagellum densely finely punctate.

Body with relatively sparse standing hairs mixed with sparse short hairs over surface; longest pronotal hair 0.07-0.08 mm long. Head, mesosoma, waist, gaster, antennae and legs yellowish brown; mandible dark brown.


The species is named after Mr Yuthana Samung (Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Thailand) who kindly helped us in taking pictures of Thai ants, including the two new species discovered in the present study.


Western Thailand (Tak Province).

Comparative diagnosis.

Aenictus samungi  sp. n. can be easily distinguished from the other members of the A. wroughtonii  species group by the following characteristics: smallest species of the group (HW 0.31-0.33 mm in A. samungi  ; HW > 3.7 mm in other members); petiole shorter than high (as long as or longer than high in other members); promesonotum with almost flat or straight dorsal outline (convex and sloping gradually to metanotal groove in other members); antennal scape short only just reaching mid-length of the head (at least two-thirds of the head length or beyond the posterolateral corner of the head in other members). Both Aenictus nuchiti  sp. n. and A. samungi  sp. n. have small bodies and short antennae, but can be easily separated from each other by the different conditions of the propodeum (Figs 1A vs. 3A).