Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus ( Oberthür, 1879 )

Hu, Shao-Ji, Cotton, Adam M., Condamine, Fabien L., Duan, Kuang, Wang, Rong-Jiang, Hsu, Yu-Feng, Zhang, Xin & Cao, Jun, 2018, Revision of Pazala Moore, 1888: The Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus (Oberthür, 1879) Group, with Treatments of Known Taxa and Descriptions of New Species and New Subspecies (Lepidoptera: Papilion, Zootaxa 4441 (3), pp. 401-446: 431-432

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4441.3.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:16AB230A-AFCD-484B-ABAD-7CEEDD1532B

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/290C2D1A-FFE1-6D4D-0D95-FE59F5B24DAF

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus ( Oberthür, 1879 )
status

 

Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus ( Oberthür, 1879) 

( Figure 25 View Figure )

[ Papilio  ] Glycerion variété géographique Mandarinus Oberthür, 1879  , Étud. d’Ent., 4: 115; TL: “Moupin” [= Baoxing, W. Sichuan, China]. Type locality restricted to Moupin by lectotype designation as stated above. The name mandarinus  is treated as a noun meaning a Mandarin rather than an adjective, as recommended by Gerardo Lamas (pers. comm.) since there is no clear indication in the original description.

Diagnostic characters: Size varies among subspecies, the nominate subspecies is the largest, ssp. kimurai  very slightly larger than ssp. fangana  which is the smallest, and ssp. stilwelli  ssp. nov  . is intermediate and variable in size, some specimens are quite small and some larger. Both wings whitish and less glossy. Forewing, termen straight or slightly concave in the middle; greyish scales scattered between the 8th and 9th forewing bands. Hindwing, the “8”-shaped twisted discal black bands complete on the underside.

Male genitalia ( Figure 26 View Figure ): In total male genitalia of 19 specimens, comprising two individuals of ssp. fangana  , five individuals of ssp. kimurai  , six individuals of ssp. stilwelli  ssp. nov  ., and six individuals of ssp. mandarinus  , were dissected. Moderately to heavily sclerotised. Ring wavy in the upper half; saccus well developed; distance between the base of socii 0.50–0.64 mm (mean = 0.56 ± 0.05, n = 19), without significant variation between subspecies. Valve round shaped, the dorsal terminal harpe with almost straight edge and acute but not elongate tip (blunt in sichuanica  and hoeneanus  nom. nov., stat. rev. and elongate in garhwalica  stat. nov.); the dorsal subterminal harpe moderate in size (similar to that of daiyuanae  sp. nov.), isolated or reaching the base of the tip of the dorsal terminal harpe (joining the tip of dorsal terminal harpe in garhwalica  stat. nov.; smaller and completely isolated in paphus  stat. nov., sichuanica  , and hoeneanus  nom. nov., stat. rev.; larger in confucius  sp. nov.), the medial harpe straight, the dorsal projection finger-shaped (some with blunt or serrate end) (similar to that of paphus  stat. nov. and daiyuanae  sp. nov.; flat in garhwalica  stat. nov., sichuanica  , and hoeneanus  nom. nov., stat. rev.); with or without a small tooth in the middle of the medial harpe.

Female genitalia ( Figure 27 View Figure ): In total female genitalia of 4 specimens (including two ssp. kimurai  , one ssp. fangana  , and one ssp. mandarinus  ) were dissected, the general characters among subspecies are consistent. Lamella postvaginalis small; lamella antevaginalis broad horizontally, lined with weakly sclerotised longitudinal striae; ostial lobe heavily sclerotised, forming a triangular lobe with sharp end in lateral view, while the posterior margin shallowly concave in the middle, with a small short spur at each tip.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Lepidoptera

Family

Papilionidae

Genus

Graphium

Loc

Graphium (Pazala) mandarinus ( Oberthür, 1879 )

Hu, Shao-Ji, Cotton, Adam M., Condamine, Fabien L., Duan, Kuang, Wang, Rong-Jiang, Hsu, Yu-Feng, Zhang, Xin & Cao, Jun 2018

2018
Loc

ssp. stilwelli

Hu & Cotton & Condamine & Duan & Wang & Hsu & Zhang & Cao 2018

2018
Loc

ssp. fangana

K. Okano 1986

1986
Loc

ssp. kimurai

Murayama 1982

1982
Loc

ssp. kimurai

Murayama 1982

1982
Loc

ssp. kimurai

Murayama 1982

1982
Loc

Mandarinus Oberthür, 1879

Oberthur 1879

1879
Loc

mandarinus

Oberthur 1879

1879
Loc

G. (P.) mandarinus (Oberthür, 1879)

Oberthur 1879

1879
Loc

Papilio

Glycerion Borkhausen 1788

1788