Crematogaster rochai Forel

Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150: 102-103

publication ID

20256

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:9813210B-5B9F-4FDE-86DD-3AE55166EC9C

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/2AB759B1-3F0B-72E9-200D-DEDBA794E567

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Crematogaster rochai Forel
status

REVISED STATUS

Crematogaster rochai Forel  HNS  1903 REVISED STATUS

Crematogaster rochai Forel  HNS  , 1903:255. Syntype worker, queen, male: Brazil, Ceara (Diaz da Rocha) [ MHNG]  (examined). Emery, 1922:134: combination in C. (Orthocrema)  HNS  . Forel, 1912:213; Gallardo, 1934:21: race/subspecies of brevispinosa  HNS  .

Range

Widespread in Neotropics from southern Mexico to Argentina.

Description of worker (Costa Rica)

Differing from crinosa  HNS  and torosa  HNS  by the following combination of characters: dorsal and posterior face of propodeum in nearly the same plane, such that the propodeal suture appears very shallow with no posterior wall, the propodeum forming a single declivity from the propodeal suture to the petiolar insertion (very large workers have a short dorsal face that drops to propodeal suture); promesonotum strongly arched, not flattened; anteroventral petiolar tooth long, sharply acute, triangular to spine-like; fourth abdominal tergite completely lacking erect setae.

Measurements

HL 0.851, 0.519, 1.139; HW 0.915, 0.535, 1.238; HC 0.905, 0.509, 1.207; SL 0.559, 0.375, 0.681; EL 0.198, 0.114, 0.257; A11L 0.247; A11W 0.123; A10L 0.110; A10W 0.104; A09L 0.062; A09W 0.078; A08L 0.045; A08W 0.060; WL 0.913, 0.500, 1.259; SPL 0.098, 0.069, 0.158; PTH 0.200, 0.121, 0.265; PTL 0.271, 0.158, 0.407; PTW 0.279, 0.166, 0.343; PPL 0.232, 0.128, 0.286; PPW 0.262, 0.167, 0.352; CI 108, 103, 109; OI 23, 22, 23; SI 66, 72, 60; PTHI 74, 77, 65; PTWI 103, 105, 84; PPI 113, 130, 123; SPI 11, 14, 13; ACI 0.57.

Queen (Costa Rica)

A normal queen (dorsal face of propodeum drops steeply from postscutellum and much of propodeum appears ventral to scutellum and postscutellum, Fig. 1) with general shape, sculpture, and pilosity characters of the worker; size characters as in Figures 4 and 5.

Biology

Crematogaster rochai  HNS  has a biology very similar to crinosa  HNS  and torosa  HNS  . It occurs primarily in open, seasonally dry areas, highly disturbed areas, pasture edges, and beach margins. It occasionally occurs in mangroves, although crinosa  HNS  is the more common mangrove inhabitant. I have never collected it in rainforest areas.

Nests are large, polydomous, and distributed in a wide variety of plant cavities. Dead branches and knots in living trees are most often used. In Guanacaste Province in Costa Rica colonies may occupy ant acacias and may invade acacias occupied by Pseudomyrmex  HNS  . I have seen workers distributed in small chambers scattered in the corky bark of Tabebuia  trees (Bignoniaceae) and Erythrina  trees (Fabaceae). Workers often construct small carton baffles to restrict nest entrances and small carton pavilions that shelter Homoptera on surrounding vegetation.

Foraging is primarily diurnal. Workers are generalized scavengers and they frequently visit extrafloral nectaries. Often columns of workers move between nests.

I often find cockroach egg cases scattered in the nest chambers of C. rochai  HNS  , at a much higher density than in the environment generally. The nature of the relationship between cockroaches and the crinosa  HNS  group would be worth investigation.

Comments

This is a member of the crinosa  HNS  complex and may not always be distinguishable from crinosa  HNS  and torosa  HNS  . See under crinosa  HNS  for further discussion. In Costa Rica rochai  HNS  always has the fourth abdominal tergite completely devoid of erect setae, and the anteroventral petiolar process is long and sharp. Costa Rican material also lacks a differentiated dorsal face of the propodeum, but material from central and southern South America develops a stronger propodeal suture, thus approaching the condition in other crinosa  HNS  group material. Also, southern material often has one to five erect setae on the anterolateral portions of the fourth abdominal tergite.

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle