Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) chrysis ( Debauche, 1948 )

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., Huber, John T., Logarzo, Guillermo A., Berezovskiy, Vladimir V. & Aquino, Daniel A., 2010, Review of Gonatocerus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in the Neotropical region, with description of eleven new species, Zootaxa 2456, pp. 1-243: 43-46

publication ID

http://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.894928

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/2B1987A2-0445-FFD0-FF62-B2BAFE45FE6A

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) chrysis ( Debauche, 1948 )
status

 

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) chrysis ( Debauche, 1948) 

( Figs 62–68View FIGURES 62 – 65View FIGURES 66 – 68)

Lymaenon chrysis Debauche 1948: 99  –100 + plate (planche) X (illustrations). Holotype female [ISNB] (not examined). Type locality: Héverlé (Heverlee), Leuven, Flemish Brabant, Belgium.

Lymaenon chrysis Debauche  : Mathot 1969: 10 (key).

Gonatocerus chrysis (Debauche)  : Graham 1973: 48; Matthews 1986: 227 (diagnosis, measurements, distribution); Baquero & Jordana 2003: 7 –10 (diagnosis, redescription of the female, description of the male); Donev 2005: 380 – 381 (diagnosis, distribution).

Gonatocerus gracilentus Hellén 1974: 11  . Holotype female (invalidly designated as lectotype by Matthews 1986: 227) [ FMNH] (not examined). Type locality: Parikkala, Finland. Synonymized under G. chrysis  by Matthews 1986: 227.

Gonatocerus chrisis  [sic] (Debauche): Donev 1990: 68 (distribution); Donev 2003: 75 –76 (distribution).

Material examined. ARGENTINA. BUENOS AIRES: Castelar , 34°36’20’’S 58°40’33’’W, 17 m, G.A. Logarzo: 6.xii.2006GoogleMaps  – 5.i.2007 [1 ♀, UCRC]; 5.i –6.ii.2007 [1 ♀, UCRC]. Luján, Universidad Nacional de Luján , 34°35'07"S 59°04'45"W, 32 m, C. Coviella: 10.iii.2005 [1 ♀, UCRC]GoogleMaps  ; 31.iii.2006 [3 ♀, UCRC]; 20.x.2006 [2 ♀, UCRC]; 9.ii.2007 [2 ♀, UCRC]. Moreno, 34°08’57’’S 58°46’57’’W, C. Coviella : 23.iii.2005 [1 ♀, UCRC]GoogleMaps  ; 9.iv.2005 [1 ♀, UCRC]. Near Puente Zárate over Río Paraná, 33°54’53.9’’S 58°53’46.4’’W, 7 m, 21.ii.2009, D.A. Aquino, A.V. Ossipov, S.V. Triapitsyn [1 ♀, UCRC]GoogleMaps  . Tigre : 11.ii.1945, A.A. Ogloblin [1 ♀, MLPA]  ; 34°23’50’’S 58°34’32’’W, 5 m, G. Logarzo : 27.xii.2005GoogleMaps  – 3.i.2006 [1 ♀, UCRC]; 3–10.i.2006 [1 ♀, UCRC]; 2–11.ii.2006 [5 ♀, UCRC]; 5.iii.2006 [1 ♀, UCRC]; 1–14.iv.2006 [2 ♀, UCRC]; 20.v.2006 [3 ♀, UCRC]. JUJUY, Severino , 11.iii.1987, S  . Muruaga [1 ♀, IMLA]. LA RIOJA: Anillaco , 1–31.iii.2001, P  . Fidalgo, J. Torréns, G. Fidalgo [2 ♀, IMLA, UCRC]. El Duraznillo (near La Rioja), 1–15.i.2003, P  . Fidalgo [1 ♀, UCRC]. Santa Vera Cruz , 28°40’42.7’’S 66°57’50.4’’W, 1660 m, 31.xii.2002, PGoogleMaps  . Fidalgo [2 ♀, IMLA, UCRC]. MENDOZA, La Consulta , 33°42’30’’S 69°04’21’’WGoogleMaps  , INTA – Estación Experimental Agropecuaria La Consulta, S. Lanati : 8–12.i.2007 [5 ♀, UCRC]  ; 15–19.i.2007 [1 ♀, UCRC]; 22–26.i.2007 [6 ♀, UCRC]; 5–9.ii.2007 [2 ♀, UCRC]; 12–16.ii.2007 [5 ♀, UCRC]; 26.ii –2.iii.2007 [2 ♀, UCRC]. MISIONES, Loreto , 5.i.1933, A.A. Ogloblin [1 ♀, MLPA] (misidentified by A.A. Ogloblin as G. pratensis  )  . NEUQUÉN, Parque Nacional Lanín: 2 km NW of Nonthué , 40°08’S 71°38’W, 20–24.ii.1999, SGoogleMaps  . L. Heydon [2 ♀, UCDC]. Pucará (at Lago Lácar ): 20.ii.1953, V  . K. Bardige de Ogloblin, A.A. Ogloblin [1 ♀, MLPA]; 40°09’59.3’’S 71°37’50.4’’W, 664 m: 24.ii.2007, SGoogleMaps  . V. Triapitsyn, G.A. Logarzo, E.G. Virla [4 ♀, UCRC]; 22.iii.2007, J  . Parra, G.A. Logarzo, S.V. Triapitsyn, E.G. Virla [1 ♀, UCRC]; 29.iii.2007, J  . Parra, G.A. Logarzo, E.G. Virla, S.V. Triapitsyn [1 ♀, UCRC]. RÍO NEGRO, 18 km W of General Roca   , INTA station, 6–8.xi.1997, C. & M. Vardy [9 ♀, CNCI]. BRAZIL. RIO DE JANEIRO, near Desengano State Park , 21.87°S 41.80°W, 200 m, 9.v.1999, BGoogleMaps  . V. Brown [2 ♀, UCRC]. CHILE. REGIÓN METROPOLITANA [DE SANTIAGO], Colina, El Portezuelo  , iii.1988, L  . E. Peña [1 ♀, CNCI]. REGIÓN VIII, Río Cruces , xii.1993, P  . Salinas [2 ♀, CNCI]. REGIÓN IX, Parque Nacional Nahuelbuta : 37°48'10''S 73°01'27''W, 1325 m, 8.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  . M. Heraty et al. [6 ♀, UCRC]; 37°49'00''S 73°00'00''W, 1300 m, 8.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  . M. Heraty et al. [2 ♀, UCRC]; 37°49'43''S 72°58'24''W, 1140 m, 8–9.ii.2005, LGoogleMaps  . Masner [1 ♀, UCRC]. REGIÓN X: Huecoilla (W of La Unión ), 40°10'06''S 73°34'08''W, 550 m, 20.ii.2005, LGoogleMaps  . Masner, J.M. Heraty et al. [1 ♀, UCRC]. Archipiélago de Chiloé: Isla Grande de Chiloé: Dalcahue , 7–20.i.1999, G  . Barría [1 ♀, CNCI]. Terao, S of Chonchi , 42°42'22''S 73°39'12''W, 5 m, 13.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  . M. Heraty et al. [1 ♀, UCRC]. Isla Quinchao, Hullar Alto, 17.ii.1994, T  . Cekalovic [1 ♀, UCDC]. Monumento Natural Alerce Costero , 40°10'55''S 73°26'24''W, 450 m, 16.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  . M. Heraty et al. [9 ♀, UCRC]. Parque Nacional Puyehue: near Anticura , 250 m, 13–14.ii.1988, L  . Masner [1 ♀, CNCI]. Antillanca : crater trail, 40°47'07''S 72°11'29''W, 1340 m, 18.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  . M. Heraty et al. [1 ♀, UCRC]; 40°46'02''S 72°17'37''W, 745 m, 17–18.ii.2005, JGoogleMaps  .M. Heraty et al. [1 ♀, UCRC].

Extralimital records. BELGIUM. LIÈGE, Wanze, Antheit , Corphalie, R. Detry : 16–30.vi.1989 [1 ♀, ISNB]  ; 28.vii –11.viii.1990 [1 ♀, ISNB]. BERMUDA ( BERMUDA ISLANDS, UK)  . Bermuda Island, Southampton Parish, 4 Munro Lane , 32°15'51''N 64°52'08''W, 25.vi –26.vii.2001, J. Munro [4 ♀, UCRC]GoogleMaps  . CAN- ADA. ONTARIO, Guelph, University of Guelph Arboretum , 43°32’N 80°13’W, 13–21.vi.2006, L. Coote [3 ♀, UCRC]GoogleMaps  . FRANCE. GIRONDE, Sainte Colombe , 44°54'N 00°02'W, 2.vii.1998, M. van Helden [1 ♂, UCRC]GoogleMaps  . RUSSIA. SAKHALINSKAYA OBLAST’, Sakhalin Island, 6 km E of Sokol, near Belaya River , 47°14.56’N 142°46.56’E, 16.viii.2001, D.J. Bennett, T. Anderson [1 ♀, CAS]GoogleMaps  . USA. ILLINOIS, Marion Co., Centralia, Karlhill Park , 7.ix.1993, J.D. Pinto [1 ♀, UCRC]  . MARYLAND, Prince George’s Co., Patuxent Wildlife Research Center , 22.vii –6.viii.1979, M.E. Schauff [1 ♀, USNM]  . TEXAS, Robertson Co., 8 mi. E of Hearne , 3.vi.1991, M. Hallmark [4 ♀, UCRC]  .

Redescription. FEMALE (specimens from the Neotropical region). Body length 630–920 µm. Body generally golden, yellowish-brown, or light brown with brown markings; antenna, particularly flagellum, darker (brown to dark brown) except radicle yellowish or light brown; legs yellowish to light brown.

Antenna ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 62 – 65) with radicle 3.2–3.3x as long as wide, about 0.3x total length of scape, rest of scape 3.5–3.9x as long as wide, faintly striate; pedicel notably longer than F1; F1 about as long as F2 and slightly shorter than F3, F4 a little longer than F3 and shorter than following funicle segments, F5–F8 subequal in length; F1–F4 without mps, F5 and F6 almost always with 1 mps (F6 rarely without mps on one antenna in small specimens), F7 and F8 with 2 mps; clava with 6 mps, 3.1–3.5x as long as wide, about as long as combined length of F6–F8.

Mesosoma ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 62 – 65). Mesoscutum, scutellum, and axillae with weak sculpture. Propodeum ( Fig. 63View FIGURES 62 – 65) with faint submedian lines, the distance between them shorter basally than distally. Forewing ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 62 – 65) 4.6–5.4x as long as wide; longest marginal seta 0.56–0.62x maximum wing width. Forewing disc with a slight, uniform brownish tinge, almost bare behind submarginal vein except for at most a few setae behind its apex, setose behind marginal vein and elsewhere. Hind wing narrow, 31–35x as long as wide; disc with a row of setae along each margin and a few scattered setae, slightly infumate; longest marginal seta 4.3–4.8x maximum wing width.

Metasoma ( Fig. 64View FIGURES 62 – 65) a little longer than mesosoma. Petiole about 1.5x as wide as long. Ovipositor about 0.7x length of gaster, not exserted beyond its apex; ovipositor length: mesotibia length ratio about 1.0:1. External plate of ovipositor with 2 or 3 distal setae.

MALE. Unknown in the Neotropical region. See Baquero & Jordana (2003) for the description of the male based on specimens from Navarre, Spain.

Diagnosis. Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) chrysis  is mostly a light-colored species with brown markings on the body, also characterized by the female antenna ( Fig. 62View FIGURES 62 – 65) with 1 mps almost always on F5 and F6 (rarely without mps on one antenna in small specimens), 2 mps on F7 and F8, and 6 mps on the clava; a narrow (4.4– 5.4x as long as wide) forewing ( Fig. 65View FIGURES 62 – 65) with relatively long marginal setae (longest marginal seta 0.5–0.7x maximum forewing width); and a short ovipositor (ovipositor length: mesotibia length ratio 0.9–1.2:1). To facilitate recognition of this species, here we also provide illustrations of the antenna ( Fig. 66View FIGURES 66 – 68), forewing ( Fig. 67View FIGURES 66 – 68), and genitalia ( Fig. 68View FIGURES 66 – 68) of the male (specimen from the Palaearctic region).

Distribution. NEOTROPICAL*: Argentina *, Brazil *, and Chile *. NEARCTIC*: Bermuda * ( Bermuda Islands, UK), Canada *, and USA *. PALAEARCTIC: Belgium, Bulgaria ( Donev 1987, 1990, 2005), Finland, France *, Greece (including Crete) ( Donev 1988c, 2003, 2005), Romania ( Boţoc 1960), Russia *, Spain ( Baquero & Jordana 2003), Sweden ( Noyes 2003), Turkey ( Donev 2001), and UK: England ( Graham 1973; Matthews 1986), Scotland, and Wales ( Matthews 1986).

This common Palaearctic species is for the first time recorded here from the New World.

Hosts. Unknown.

FMNH

Field Museum of Natural History

UCRC

University of California, Riverside

IMLA

Fundacion e Instituto Miguel Lillo

UCDC

R. M. Bohart Museum of Entomology

CNCI

Canadian National Collection Insects

ADA

Department of Agriculture

CAS

California Academy of Sciences

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Mymaridae

Genus

Gonatocerus

Loc

Gonatocerus (Lymaenon) chrysis ( Debauche, 1948 )

Triapitsyn, Serguei V., Huber, John T., Logarzo, Guillermo A., Berezovskiy, Vladimir V. & Aquino, Daniel A. 2010
2010
Loc

Gonatocerus chrisis

Donev 2003: 75
Donev 1990: 68
1990
Loc

Gonatocerus gracilentus Hellén 1974 : 11

Matthews 1986: 227
Matthews 1986: 227
Hellen 1974: 11
1986
Loc

Gonatocerus chrysis

Donev 2005: 380
Baquero 2003: 7
Matthews 1986: 227
Graham 1973: 48
1973
Loc

Lymaenon chrysis

Mathot 1969: 10
1969
Loc

Lymaenon chrysis

Debauche 1948: 99