Brachymeria Westwood, 1829,

Narendran, T. C. & van Achterberg, Cornelis, 2016, Revision of the family Chalcididae (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) from Vietnam, with the description of 13 new species, ZooKeys 576, pp. 1-202: 19-23

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.576.8177

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:7A2FC762-F23A-4B13-8B0C-0F1F80F46DA8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/2D1F4100-5FB5-BB99-CCD0-946424D1E86E

treatment provided by

ZooKeys by Pensoft

scientific name

Brachymeria Westwood, 1829
status

 

Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Chalcididae

Brachymeria Westwood, 1829  Figs 25, 26, 27-28, 29-30, 31-32, 33-35, 36-37, 38-39, 40-41, 42-43, 44-45, 46-47, 48-50, 51, 52-53, 54-55, 56, 57-58, 59, 60-61, 62, 63-64, 65, 66-67, 68-70

Brachymeria  Westwood (in Stephens), 1829: 36. Type species: Chalcis minuta  Fabricius; designated by Westwood, 1839.

Thaumatelia  Kirby, 1883: 60. Type species: Chalcis separata  Walker, by monotypy (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Halstead 1991).

Oncochalcis  Cameron, 1904: 162. Type species: Oncochalcis marginata  Cameron, by monotypy; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Nikol’skaya 1960).

Holochalcis  Kieffer, 1905: 258. Type species: Holochalcis madagascariensis  Kieffer, by subsequent designation of Gahan and Fagan (1923); (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Narendran (in Subba Rao & Hayat), 1987b).

Tumidicoxa  Girault, 1911: 378. Type species: Tumidicoxa nigra  Girault; by original designation; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Girault (1913)).

Thaumatelia  Kirby, 1883: 60. Type species Chalcis separata  Walker, by monotypy; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Halstead 1991).

Thaumateliana  Girault, 1912: 160-161. Type species: Thaumateliana bicolor  Girault, by monotypy; (synonymised with Thaumatelia  Kirby by Narendran and Verghese 1989).

Pseudepitelia  Girault, 1913: 104. Type species: Pseudepitelia rubrifemur  Girault, by original designation; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Girault 1915a).

Brachepitelia  Girault, 1913a: 106. Type species: Brachepitelia rubripes  Girault, by original designation and monotypy; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Girault (1915a)).

Tumidicoxoides  Girault, 1913b: 86. Type species: Tumidicoxoides kurandaensis  Girault, by original designation; (synonymy with Brachymeria  Westwood by Girault (1926)).

Tumidicoxella  Girault, 1913c: 74. As a subgenus of Tumidicoxa  ; type species: Tumidicoxa (Tumidicoxella) nigra  Girault by original designation.

Microchalcis  Girault, 1915a: 328. Type species: Microchalcis atricorpus  Girault by original designation; (synonymised by Bouček, 1988).

Dirrhinomorpha  Girault & Dodd (in Girault 1915a): 327. Type species: Dirrhinomorpha angusta  Girault & Dodd, by original designation; (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood and treated as subgenus of Brachymeria  by Bouček 1988).

Meyeriella  Krausse, 1917: 95. Type species: Meyeriella indica  Krausse, by monotypy (synonymised with Brachymeria  Westwood by Narendran, 1986).

Neobrachymeria  Masi, 1929c: 196-198. As a subgenus of Brachymeria  . Type species: Brachymeria confalonierii  Masi by original designation.

Australochalcis  Girault, 1939: 326. Type species: Australochalcis humilicrus  Girault, by original designation and monotypy (listed as synonym of Brachymeria  Westwood by Bouček, 1988).

Matsumurameria  Habu, 1960: 209. As a subgenus of Brachymeria  . Type species: Chalcis taiwanus  Matsumura, by original designation.

Gahanula  Burks, 1960: 261. Type species: Brachymeria discreta  Gahan, by original designation (as a subgenus of Brachymeria  ).

Diagnosis.

Head oval in profile; scrobe deep with carinate margins; in some species head with pre-orbital or post-orbital carinae or with both carinae present; malar sulcus carinate or ridged; antennal formula 11171 (clava 1 to 3 segmented). Mesosoma with umbilicate punctures; fore wing with PMV usually half or about half as long as MV and usually twice as long as STV. Hind coxa in ♀ in some cases with an inner ventro-mesal tooth; hind femur with a ventral row of irregular teeth and in some species with an inner basal tooth; hind tibia arcuate; metasoma sessile, T1 always the longest; ovipositor sheath slightly compressed and slightly exserted; in some species metasoma elongate.

Hosts.

The species are mostly primary parasitoids in pupae of holometabolous insects, especially of Lepidoptera  , but some species attack Diptera  , Coleoptera  or Hymenoptera  . Most species are primary parasitoids, but some are hyperparasitoids attacking parasitoid Hymenoptera  or Diptera  in Lepidoptera  .

Distribution.

Worldwide.

Key to Vietnamese species of Brachymeria  Westwood

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Chalcididae

Loc

Brachymeria Westwood, 1829

Narendran, T. C. & van Achterberg, Cornelis 2016
2016
Loc

Matsumurameria

Habu 1960
1960
Loc

Gahanula

Burks 1960
1960
Loc

Australochalcis

Girault 1939
1939
Loc

Australochalcis humilicrus

Girault 1939
1939
Loc

Dirrhinomorpha

Girault & Dodd 1915
1915
Loc

Dirrhinomorpha angusta

Girault & Dodd 1915
1915
Loc

Brachepitelia

Girault 1913
1913
Loc

Brachepitelia rubripes

Girault 1913
1913
Loc

Holochalcis

Kieffer 1905
1905
Loc

Holochalcis madagascariensis

Kieffer 1905
1905