Macgrathphora longifurca, Brown, 2022

Brown, Brian V., 2022, Two new genera of phorid flies, Macgrathphora and Aurisetiphora, from Costa Rica (Diptera: Phoridae), with recommendations for naming new genera in the family, Zootaxa 5115 (4), pp. 571-581 : 575-577

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.5115.4.7

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:23F98AA6-D461-4249-A264-289FA0D22608

DOI

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6361584

persistent identifier

https://treatment.plazi.org/id/2F7B879A-FFCC-FF92-FF21-F8E8FCA9F885

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Macgrathphora longifurca
status

new species

Macgrathphora longifurca new species

( Figs 2 View FIGURES 1–4 , 7, 8 View FIGURES 5–10 , 12 View FIGURES 11–14 )

HOLOTYPE. ♂, slide mounted. PANAMA: Barro Colorado Island , Drayton Tr., 9.15°N, 79.85°W, 31.v.2014, H. Barrios and Y. Basset, Malaise trap ( GMPAB675-18 ) ( MIUP). GoogleMaps

PARATYPES. ECUADOR: Manabi: Cerro Pata de Pajaro   GoogleMaps , 0°N, 75.95°W, 300m, 1♂, 19–21.vi.1996, P.Hibbs, Malaise trap ( LACM) . PANAMA: same locality as holotype, 1♂, 7–14.x.1992, Malaise trap, J. Pickering 995, 1♂, same data as holotype ( LACM) GoogleMaps . COSTA RICA: Limón: Pandora, Estrella Valley , 9.73°N, 82.97°W, 1♂, 29.iii.1984, G. V. Manley, Malaise trap ( LACM) GoogleMaps . Puntarenas: 3km SW Rincon , 8.68°N, 83.48°W, 10m, 1♂, vii–ix.1990, P.Hanson, Malaise trap ( LACM) GoogleMaps . San José: Zurquí de Moravia , 10.05°N, 84.01°W, 1♂, ix–x.1990, P.Hanson, Malaise trap ( LACM) GoogleMaps , 1♂, 22.x–12.xi.2012, Malaise trap #1, ZADBI-186, 2♂, 2♀, 4–11.x.2013, Malaise trap #1, ZADBI-1242 ( LACM, MUCR) .

Diagnosis. The wing venation differs from that of M. carribea in that the swelling of Rs is less pronounced, the radial fork, especially R 2+3, is longer, and M 1 appears to arise more distally than the base of the R-fork ( Figs. 7–8 View FIGURES 5–10 ).

In BOLD, this species is in BIN BOLD:ACG3720. The nearest neighbor in BOLD, based on the CO1 DNA barcode, is BOLD:AED5813, a BIN for a species from Africa in the study of Srivathsan et al. (2019) for which no specimens are photographed. Emily Hartop kindly sent me a photograph of this species, however, and it is a Megaselia that looks completely unlike Macgrathphora .

The cluster width for the 55 sequences of this BIN in BOLD is 0.92%, and thus below the threshold established by Hartop et al. (2021) for concern about containing multiple species. I have not examined specimens from the entire range of haplotypes, however. The barcodes for this BIN differ from those of the previous species (BOLD: ACS8553) by about 11–13%.

Holotype barcode:

TTATACTTTATTTTTGGGGCTTGAGCAGGAATAGTAGGAACATCATTAAGAATCATAATTCGAGCTGAA TTAGGTCATCCCGGTGCTTTAATTGGAGATGATCAAATTTATAATGTAATTGTAACTGCCCATGCTTTTA TTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTAATACCTATTATAATAGGAGGATTTGGAAATTGACTAGTCCCTTTAATATTAG GTGCTCCAGATATAGCCTTTCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGATTTTGATTATTACCTCCTTCTCTTACCTTA CTATTAGCCAGAAGCATAGTAGAAAATGGAGCTGGTACAGGATGAACCGTTTACCCTCCACTTTCTTC AAATATTGCTCATAGTGGAGCATCAGTTGATTTAGCAATTTTTTCTCTTCACTTAGCAGGAATTTCATCT ATTTTAGGAGCAGTAAATTTTATTACTACTATTATTAATATACGATCTTCAGGTATTACTTTTGACCGTAT ACCTTTATTTGTATGATCAGTAGGTATCACTGCAATTTTATTACTACTTTCTTTACCTGTTTTAGCAGGA GCAATTACAATATTATTAACTGATCGAAATTTTAATACTTCATTTTTTGACCCTGCTGGAGGTGGAGATC CTATTTTATACCAACATTTATT--------------------------------------------------------------------.

Distribution. This species is known from both lowland and middle elevations sites in Central and South America. The BOLD database has records for both lowland dry forest (Pacific slope) and lowland tropical forest (Caribbean slope) in the ACG. From what can be seen in the photographs on the BOLD web site, they are all conspecific with the holotype and paratype from Panama, and thus congruent with the BIN.

Etymology. The species name refers to the elongate R-fork.

LACM

Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County

V

Royal British Columbia Museum - Herbarium

MUCR

Museo de Insectos

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Phoridae

Genus

Macgrathphora