Paralipsis enervis (Nees, 1834)

van Achterberg, Cornelis & Carron, Nilo F. Ortiz de Zugasti, 2016, Revision of the genus Paralipsis Foerster, 1863 (Hymenoptera, Braconidae), with the description of two new species, ZooKeys 606, pp. 25-39: 28-29

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Paralipsis enervis (Nees, 1834)


Taxon classification Animalia Hymenoptera Braconidae

Paralipsis enervis (Nees, 1834)  Figs 8-15

Aphidius enervis  Nees, 1834: 26-27 (holotype male lost).

Paralipsis enervis  ; Starý 1958: 85, 1961: 228-232; Hincks 1958: 20-21; Pontin 1960: 154-155; Mackauer 1968: 22.

Myrmecobosca mandibularis  Maneval, 1940: 10-11. Synonymised with Paralipsis enervis  (Nees, 1834) by Starý (1958).

Myrmecobosca linnei  Hincks, 1949: 173-174. Synonymised with Paralipsis enervis  (Nees, 1834) by Starý (1958).


1 ♀ ( RMNH), "Nederland: Rotterdam (Z.H.), NS-driehoek", "in ground-traps, 18.ix.1976, Insektenwerkgroep KNNV"; 1 ♀ ( RMNH), id., but 20.viii.1976; 1 ♀ ( RMNH), "Netherlands: Bennekom, 10.x.1971, D. Hille Ris Lambers", "[ex] aphid mummy of Brachycaudus jacobi  Stroyan"; 1 ♀ ( RMNH), "[Germany:] German Dem. Rep., Museum Leiden", "NSG Wernsdorfer See (n[ea]r Berlin), 1.vii.1979, G.N. Wendt".


This species shares with Paralipsis eikoae  having the second-fourth segments of fore tarsus about as long as wide in dorsal view, the fore tarsus with medium-sized bristles apically (Figs 1, 8) and the hind tibia medially and femur subbasally parallel-sided (Figs 1, 2, 8). Differs by the shiny and smooth scutellum (Fig. 9), the brownish scutellum, the longer third–fifth antennal segments (Fig. 12), the shiny and mainly smooth mesoscutum (Fig. 10), the slenderer middle and hind femora and tibiae, the hardly or not sculptured hind tibia (Fig. 8), the largely or entirely sclerotized vein 2-1A of fore wing (Figs 13-14) and the less slender first tergite (Figs 9, 11).


Parasitoid of root aphids belonging to the genera Anoecia  , Anuraphis  , Aphis  , Brachycaudus  , Chromaphis  , Dysaphis  , Forda  , Geocia  and Tetraneura  ( Yu et al. 2012) and associated with Lasius  ants. Brachycaudus jacobi  Stroyan is a new host.


Reported from Andorra, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, UK and Serbia ( Yu et al. 2012). The reports from Spain, Portugal and Andorra may concern Paralipsis tibiator  sp. n.