Tripartita formosana Yeh

Ko, Chiun-Cheng, 2017, A new genus and two new species of galling aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) from Distylium (Hamamelidaceae) in Taiwan, Zootaxa 4323 (2), pp. 209-218: 213-217

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4323.2.4

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:3Ca6831A-201A-4Fd8-Afd3-Ae0Cb035319A

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/311CD734-CD38-FFBB-A8D7-B7E544965073

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Tripartita formosana Yeh
status

sp. n.

Tripartita formosana Yeh   sp. n.

( FIGS. 3 View FIGURE 3 , 4 View FIGURE 4 , 5 View FIGURE 5 , 6 View FIGURE 6 )

Fundatrix. (DEScrIPTION IS bASEd ON 13 SPEcIMENS). ( FIG. 3A –C View FIGURE 3 , 5A, 5B View FIGURE 5 ). BOdy PUffEd OUT, cUTIcLE SOfT, 1.38–2.50 MM LONG. HEAd wITHOUT HOrNS Or dAGGEr-LIkE SETAE. ANTENNAE 3-SEGMENTEd; SEGMENT III wITH IMbrIcATE ScULPTUrING, 170–215 µM LONG, AbOUT 1.13 (1.06–1.21)- TIMES LENGTH Of TIbIA Of fOrELEG, wITH A cIrcULAr SENSOrIUM ANd 5 Or 6 TErMINAL SETAE ON TIP. EyES wITH 3 fAcETS. ROSTrUM STOUT, LAST 3 SEGMENTS 170–210 µM LONG; ULTIMATE rOSTrAL SEGMENT AbOUT 1.40–1.60- TIMES LENGTH Of 2Nd TArSUS Of HINdLEG. TwO PAIrS Of SPIrAcLES wITH LArGE SPIrAcULAr PLATES rAISEd ON INTErMEdIATE ArEAS bETwEEN PrOTHOrAX-MESOTHOrAX ANd MESOTHOrAX-METATHOrAX; AbdOMINAL SPIrAcLES wITHOUT ScLErITES NOr TUrbErcLES NEArby. LEGS SHOrT. SIPHUNcULI AbSENT. AbdOMINAL TErGITE VIII SLIGHTLy ScLErOTIzEd wITH IMbrIcATIONS, wITH 5–7 SETAE; GENITAL PLATE wITH 9–16 SETAE. CAUdA TrANSvErSE, NOT cONSTrIcTEd AT bASE, wITH 6–8 SETAE wHIcH ArE dIvIdEd INTO 2 cLUSTErS ON EAcH SIdE. ANAL PLATE bILObEd, wITH 5 Or 6 SETAE ON EAcH LObE.

Alate viviparous adult. (DEScrIPTION IS bASEd ON 34 SPEcIMENS). ( FIG. 4A –D View FIGURE 4 , 5C –F View FIGURE 5 ). BOdy LENGTH 1.53–2.34 MM. HEAd wIdTH (dISTANcE bETwEEN 2 APIcES Of OcULAr TUbErcLES) 0.42–0.50 MM. ANTENNAE LONG, AbOUT 0.69 (0.59– 0.85)- TIMES bOdy LENGTH ANd 2.83 (2.33–3.41)- TIMES wIdTH Of HEAd, 3-SEGMENTEd ( SOME INdIvIdUALS ObvIOUSLy 4- SEGMENTEd, bUT SEGMENTS III ANd IV NOT dEfINITELy dELIMITEd), SEGMENT III USUALLy THIckENEd ON bASAL 1/3–1/2, wITH 61–110 ANNULAr SEcONdAry SENSOrIA, wITH 4–6 TErMINAL SETAE. ROSTrUM SHOrT, NOT rEAcHING cOXAE Of MId-LEG; ULTIMATE rOSTrAL SEGMENT bLUNT, AbOUT 0.64 TIMES LENGTH Of 2nd TArSAL SEGMENT Of HINdLEG. PrOTHOrAX wELL-dEvELOPEd ANd PrOMINENT, wITH 2 GrOUPS Of wAX GLANdS ON TErGITE. TIbIAE IMbrIcATE, wITH dISTINcT SPINULES; TArSI wITH MINUTE IMbrIcATE SPINULES, 1st TArSAL SEGMENTS wITH 3-3-3 SETAE, 2nd TArSAL SEGMENTS wITH 4-4-4 cAPITATE dISTAL SETAE. GrOUPS Of wAX GLANdS PrESENT ON AbdOMINAL SEGMENTS I –VII, wHIcH ArE ArrANGEd IN A rOw ON EAcH TErGITE; AbdOMINAL TErGITES I –VII cOvErEd wITH PALE MINUTE ScULPTUrING wITH A SLIGHTLy rETIcULATEd PATTErN; TErGITES VII ANd VIII SLIGHTLy ScLErOTIzEd; 4 PAIrS Of SPIrAcLES ON EAcH SIdE Of SEGMENTS II –V. SIPHUNcULI AbSENT. CAUdA TrANSvErSE, NOT cONSTrIcTEd AT bASE, wITH 6–12 SETAE wHIcH ArE dIvIdEd INTO 2 cLUSTErS ON EAcH SIdE. ANAL PLATE bILObEd, wITH 5–11 SETAE EAcH.

Material examined. Holotype, ONE ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 29-vI-2006, H. T. YEH (#491). ONE fUNdATrIX, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 9-X-2006, H. T. YEH (#520). ( THE INdIvIdUALS Of HOLOTyPE ArE MArkEd by cIrcLES ON THE SLIdE.)

Holotype-specimen deposition: NTU, TAIPEI, TAIwAN.  

Paratypes, 3 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 29-vI-2006, H. T. YEH (#491)( NTU). 6 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS (ON 2 MIcrOScOPE SLIdES), HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 29-vI-2006, H. T. YEH (#493)( NTU); 6 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 9-IX-2006, H. T. YEH (#501)( NTU); 6 fUNdATrIcES, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D.

racemosum   , 9-X-2006, H. T. YEH (#520)(NTU); 6 fUNdATrIcES, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , ON 18-XI-2006, H. T. YEH (#559)( NTU)   ; 3 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 25-II-2007, H. T. YEH (#582)( NTU)   ; 23 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS (ON 7 MIcrOScOPE SLIdES), HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 24-III-2007, H. T. YEH (#586)( BMNH, NMNS, NTU, TARIIC)   ; 6 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, YUANSHAN TOwNSHIP, ILAN CO., ON D. racemosum   , 1-vI-2007, H. T. YEH (#593)(NTU); 3 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 26-v-2007, H. T. YEH (#607)( NTU)   ; 3 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 31-v-2008, H. T. YEH (#681)( NTU)   ; 9 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, XITOU ( LUGU TOwNSHIP), NANTOU CO., ON D. racemosum   , 20-III- 2013, H. T. YEH ( NTU)   ; 6 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, XITOU ( LUGU TOwNSHIP), NANTOU CO., ON D. racemosum   , 24-v- 2013, H. T. YEH ( NTU)   ; 12 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, HENGcHUN TOwNSHIP, PINGTUNG CO., ON D. racemosum   , 2-Iv- 2017, H. T. YEH ( NTU)   . 7 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, YUANSHAN TOwNSHIP, ILAN CO., ON Distyliopsis dunnii   , 31-III- 2007, H. T. YEH (#591) (NTU); 3 ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS & 1 fUNdATrIX, YUANSHAN TOwNSHIP, ILAN CO., ON Distyliopsis dunnii   , 8-vII-2007, H. T. YEH (#619)(NTU).

Etymology. THE SPEcIES NAME ‘ formosana   ’ IS dErIvEd frOM THE fIrST-rEcOrdEd PLAcE, TAIwAN (‘FOrMOSA’ IS AN OLd TOPONyM Of TAIwAN).

Remarks. INcIPIENT GALLS Of T. formosana   wErE fOUNd IN EArLy OcTObEr, ANd EAcH GALL cONTAINEd A fUNdATrIX. THE fUNdATrIX EXISTEd IN THE GALL frOM OcTObEr UNTIL THE fOLLOwING MAy, ANd ITS bOdy wAS GrAdUALLy PUffEd OUT, ULTIMATELy EXcEEdING 2.5 MM IN LENGTH. ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS, OffSPrING Of THE fUNdATrIX cAN bE fOUNd frOM LATE FEbrUAry TO EArLy JUNE IN THE GALLS. AfTEr ALL ALATES EMIGrATEd frOM THE GALLS, A fEw fIrST-INSTAr LArvAE wErE ObSErvEd wALkING ArOUNd ON THE SUrfAcES Of THE GALLS ANd LEAvES. WE cONSIdEr THAT THESE fIrST-INSTAr LArvAE ( FIG. 6A View FIGURE 6 ) TO bE fUNcTIONALLy STErILE SOLdIErS. THE ANTENNAE Of ALATE vIvIPArOUS AdULTS ArE USUALLy dIvIdEd INTO THrEE SEGMENTS, wITH A vEry LONG UNdIvIdEd fLAGELLUM (SEGMENT III). HOwEvEr SEvErAL INdIvIdUALS (N=4) HAd ONE ANTENNA THAT wAS fOUr- SEGMENTEd ( FIG. 6B View FIGURE 6 ). BEcAUSE THE ANTENNAE Of LAST INSTAr NyMPHS ArE fOUr-SEGMENTEd ( FIG. 6C View FIGURE 6 ), THE ANTENNA III ANd IV ArE fUSEd TOGETHEr IN THE AdULT STAGE. FOr THESE rEASONS, wE cONSIdEr THE THrEE-SEGMENTEd ANTENNAE Of THE ALATES IS AN APOMOrPHIc cHArAcTEr STATE, wHIcH dOES NOT cONTrAdIcT OUr PLAcEMENT Of T. formosana   IN THE TrIbE, NIPPONAPHIdINI   .

THIS SPEcIES wAS fIrST fOUNd TO INdUcE SPINdLE-LIkE GALLS ON LEAvES Of D. racemosum   , OPENING ON THE UNdErSIdE Of THE LEAf ( FIG. 3D, E View FIGURE 3 ). MOrEOvEr, T. formosana   wAS SUbSEqUENTLy fOUNd TO INdUcE SIMILAr GALLS ON LEAvES Of Distyliopsis dunnii   , wHIcH ALSO bELONGS TO HAMAMELIdAcEAE   . THE ALATES ObTAINEd frOM THE TwO dIffErENT HOSTS ArE NOT SIGNIfIcANTLy dIffErENT IN MOrPHOLOGy, ANd THErE IS NO dOUbT THAT THE TwO bELONG TO THE SAME SPEcIES. THIS IS THE fIrST cASE Of A SINGLE NIPPONAPHIdINE SPEcIES INdUcING GALLS ON TwO PrIMAry HOSTS THAT bELONG TO dIffErENT GENErA. THE SIzE Of MATUrE GALLS ON D. racemosum   wAS 8.5–15.6 (AvErAGE, 11.3) MM LONG ANd 4.0–8.1 (AvErAGE, 5.8) MM IN dIAMETEr, ANd THAT ON Distyliopsis dunnii   wAS 10.0–19.2 (AvErAGE, 13.8) MM LONG ANd 4.2–9.4 (AvErAGE, 6.5) MM IN dIAMETEr. SEvErAL GALLS wErE fOrMEd ON A SINGLE LEAf.

OUT

Department of Biotechnology

NOT

Nottingham City Natural History Museum

NMNS

National Museum of Natural Science