Aglaophenia pluma

Moura, Carlos J., 2015, The hydrozoan fauna (Cnidaria: Hydrozoa) from the peaks of the Ormonde and Gettysburg seamounts (Gorringe Bank, NE Atlantic), Zootaxa 3972 (2), pp. 148-180: 165-166

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3972.2.2

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:D9ECC074-3E11-4A52-9E22-B5ED59B6C965

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/312E8791-FFAC-FFDB-FF69-56FC1088FD08

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Aglaophenia pluma
status

 

Aglaophenia pluma 

(fig. 4 G; table 2)

Sertularia pluma Linnaeus, 1758: 811  .

Aglaophenia pluma  .— Nobre, 1931: 21.—Nobre, 1937: 23.— Da Cunha, 1950: 130.— Svoboda & Cornelius, 1991: 30, figs 10 f, 12, 13a–g, 19 a–b, 24 a–b.— Medel & Vervoort, 1995: 17, fig. 6 a–c.—Cornelius, 1995: 192–196.—Medel & López- González, 1996: 200.— Ansín Agís et al., 2001: 60 –65, fig. 30.—Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa, 2002: 92–93, fig. 17g.— Moura et al., 2012 c: 722, 725, figs. 3, 5.

Aglaophenia tubiformis  .— Svoboda & Cornelius, 1991: 34 –36, figs. 14,25a.— Ramil et al., 1998 b: 10.—Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa, 2002: 93–95, fig. 17 h.

Material studied. Ormonde, stn 2: abundant (more than 50 cormoids collected), on Zonaria tournefortii  , epibionts: Plumularia setacea  , Clytia hemisphaerica  and algae; some cormoids ramified; DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.07. Gettysburg, stn 5: abundant, fertile colonies, on Zonaria tournefortii  , epibionts: algae, Foraminifera, Clytia hemisphaerica  , Plumularia setacea  and Eudendrium  sp.; DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.01. Gettysburg, stn 6: abundant (about 70 cormoids collected), fertile colonies, some colonies ramified, on Zonaria tournefortii  , epibionts: algae, calcified Bryozoa, Plumularia setacea  and Sertularella ellisii  ; DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.02. Gettysburg, stn 7: one small cormoid on Zonaria tournefortii  , DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.03. Gettysburg, stn 8: abundant (about 70 cormoids collected), fertile colonies, on Zonaria tournefortii  , some cormoids ramified, DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.04. Gettysburg, stn 9: two small cormoids on Zonaria tournefortii  , DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.05. Gettysburg, stn 10: twelve cormoids on Zonaria tournefortii  (some are ramified), DBUAAbout DBUA 1503.06.

Remarks. Aglaophenia tubiformis Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1890  was previously reported in the Gorringe Bank by Ramil et al. (1998 b), collected at 54–62 meters. The present material ( Fig. 4View FIGURE 4. A G, Table 2) can also be identified as A. tubiformis  , using the taxonomic key provided by Svoboda & Cornelius (1991). Moura et al.'s (2008, 2012c) 16 S sequence data recover polyphyletic clades with low sequence diverge for morphotypes of Aglaophenia pluma  , A. tubiformis  and A. octodonta  , suggesting these three nominal species are likely synonymous and that clades of the A. pluma  complex seem to be rather segregated by geographical region. Moreover, neotype material of A. pluma  is from S England and type material of A. tubiformis  is from the N Adriatic ( Svoboda, 1979; Svoboda & Cornelius, 1991), and Moura et al. (2012 c) found very small genetic distances between Mediterranean and British samples. Therefore, because molecular evidence suggests synonymy of A. tubiformis  and A. pluma  , the present biological material and that of Ramil et al. (1998 b) identified as A. tubiformis  , is herein identified as A. pluma  .

Additionally, the undetermined species of Aglaophenia  referenced by Oceana (2005) from the Gorringe peaks, probably correspond to this species, as it was the most abundant Aglaophenia  species collected and is from similar depths.

Reported distribution. Eastern Atlantic.—Gorringe Bank ( Ramil et al. 1998 b; present study), Morocco ( Patriti 1970; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Portugal (e.g. Nobre, 1931; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991; Moura et al. 2012 c), Spain (e.g. García Corrales et al. 1978; Ramil 1988; Medel & López-González 1996), France (e.g. Bedot 1911; Teissier 1965; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Ireland (e.g. Hincks 1868; Svoboda 1979), UK (e.g. Hincks 1868; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991; Moura et al. 2012 c), North Sea ( Broch 1928; Naumov 1960), Holland (e.g. Leloup 1933), Belgium (e.g. Leloup 1952; Muller 2004), Madeira ( Wirtz 2007), Canary Islands ( Izquierdo et al. 1986), Cape Verde ( Bedot 1921), Ivory Coast ( Redier 1971), French Guinea ( Vervoort 1959), Congo and Namibia ( Broch 1914), South Africa (e.g. Broch 1914; Millard 1957) and Azores (e.g. Bedot 1921; Rees & White 1966; Moura et al. 2012 c)

Mediterranean.—Strait of Gibraltar ( Medel & Vervoort 1995), Spain (e.g. Rioja 1906; García Carrascosa 1981; Gili 1986; Roca 1986; Medel & López-González 1996), Chafarinas Islands (Peña Cantero & García Carrascosa 2002), France (e.g. Stechow 1919; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Malta ( Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Italy (e.g. Müller-Calé & Krüger 1913; Boero & Fresi 1986; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Adriatic ( Broch 1912; Riedl 1970), Bosnia ( Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Greece ( Yamada 1965; Svoboda & Cornelius 1991), Aegean Sea (Morri & Bianchi 1999), Egypt ( Billard 1936), Israel ( Picard 1958 b).

Elsewhere.—Sporadic (dubious) records from the Pacific and western Atlantic (cf. Svoboda & Cornelius 1991).

TABLE 2. Measurements of Aglaophenia pluma in Μm.

  Stn 2 Stn 6
Hydrocladial internode, length 420–480 420–450
Diameter at node 100–120 70–115
Hydrotheca, depth 340–420 340–380
Diameter at rim 200–230 220–260
Length of free part abcauline wall 120–160 150–170
DBUA

Zoological Collection of the Biology Department, University of the Azores

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Cnidaria

Class

Hydrozoa

Order

Leptothecata

Family

Aglaopheniidae

Genus

Aglaophenia

Loc

Aglaophenia pluma

Moura, Carlos J. 2015

2015
Loc

Aglaophenia tubiformis

Ramil 1998: 10
Svoboda 1991: 34

1991
Loc

Aglaophenia pluma

Moura 2012: 722
Ansin 2001: 60
Medel 1995: 17
Svoboda 1991: 30
Da 1950: 130
Nobre 1931: 21

1931
Loc

Sertularia pluma

Linnaeus 1758: 811