Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris (Fabricius)

Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 260

publication ID

20597

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3219AC6E-06E1-9C70-5C38-C890F21D8C05

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris (Fabricius)
status

 

Polyrhachis (Myrma) militaris (Fabricius)  HNS 

Stanleyville, [[worker]]; Panga, [[worker]]; Lukolela, [[worker]]; Avakubi, [[worker]]; Leopoldville, [[worker]]; Medje, [[worker]]; Lubila, [[worker]]; Ngayu, [[worker]]; Boyulu, [[worker]]; Lie, [[worker]] (Lang and Chapin). Numerous specimens. Those from Ngayu, Boyulu, and Lie, four in number, were taken from the stomachs of toads (Bufo funereus and regularis  HNS  ). The only specimen from Lubila is "from a nest in a mushroom-shaped termitarium." Many of the specimens from the other localities were captured on fire-wood. Some of the workers have the pubescence on the gaster rather golden and therefore approach the subspecies cupreopubescens  HNS  Forel.

The large Ethiopian species Myrma  HNS  , comprising militaris  HNS  , schistacea  HNS  , gagates  HNS  , schlüteri  HNS  , and nigriseta  HNS  , are so variable and exhibit so many annectant subspecies and varieties that one is tempted to regard the whole complex as a single, extraordinarily unstable species. Santschi, however, believes that there are several species with a pronounced tendency to hybridize. The materials in collections at the present time are quite insufficient to substantiate either of these views, and the matter must be left to some future myrmecologist, resident in equatorial Africa, who can study these ants intensively both in the field and in the laboratory.