Microzoanthidae Fujii & Reimer, 2011,

Swain, Timothy D. & Swain, Laura M., 2014, Molecular parataxonomy as taxon description: examples from recently named Zoanthidea (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) with revision based on serial histology of microanatomy, Zootaxa 3796 (1), pp. 81-107: 99

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Microzoanthidae Fujii & Reimer, 2011


Family Microzoanthidae Fujii & Reimer, 2011 

Zoanthidea  with macrocnemic mesenterial arrangement and simple endodermal marginal musculature. Species are free-living and are found attached cryptically under rubble or interstices throughout temperate and tropical Pacific. Azooxanthellate. Microzoanthidae  share specific genetic characters (of the mitochondrial COI and 16 S rDNA genes) and are differentiated from other Zoanthidea  by encrustations that penetrate to the ectodermal surface of the mesoglea, but not into the mesoglea itself. Expanded polyps to 3 mm diameter and 10 mm length, encrusted, and connected by coenenchyme stolons. Oral disk calathiform and margin ornamented with distinct zig-zag pattern. Tentacles 20 –26, 6– 9 mm long (diagnosis expanded from Fujii & Reimer 2011).


University of Coimbra Botany Department