Anochetus madagascarensis Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A., 2008, A revision of Malagasy species of Anochetus Mayr and Odontomachus Latreille (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., PLoS ONE 3, pp. 1-23: 12

publication ID

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513220

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:36DFC527-D3D6-4F7D-84A1-3C12005812A2

DOI

http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3513220

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/3302D4B8-2D23-DB36-BCB1-12D0AF8DB0A4

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel
status

 

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel  HNS 

Figures: worker 1a, 4a,b, 5d; queen 4c,d; male 4e,f, 8b; map 6c

Type material:

Anochetus africanus madagascarensis Forel, 1887: 382  HNS  [ 23] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Tamatave Province, Ivondro , ( Dr. Conrad Keller ) ( MHNG) present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT0101574.CASC  Raised to species by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Anochetus africanus friederichsi Forel 1918: 155  HNS  [ 24] View Cited Treatment . Lectotype: worker, Madagascar, Tamatave Province, Prune Island ( Nosy Alanana ) ( Friederichs ) ( MHNG), present designation [examined] AntWeb CASENT010165.CASC  Synonymized with madagascarensis  HNS  by Brown, 1978: 557 [ 2].

Worker measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 20. HL 1.35-1.68, HW 1.19-1.53, CI 87-94, EL 0.23-0.28, ML 0.73-0.93, MI 53-57, SL 1.11-1.41, SI 89-95, WL 1.60- 2.02, FL 1.13-1.54, PW 0.63-0.80.

Queen measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5. HL 1.52-1.66, HW 1.48-1.55, CI 92-97, EL 0.32-0.36, ML 0.81-0.89, MI 53-55, SL 1.26-1.39, SI 85-91, WL 1.99- 2.22. FL 1.35-1.49, PW 0.84-0.92.

Male measurements: maximum and minimum based on n = 5 from Madagascar: HL 0.85-1.89, HW 1.07-1.20, CI 122- 135, EL 0.63-0.69, SL 0.20-0.22, SI 18-21, WL 1.90-1.98, FL 1.35-1.47

Worker Diagnosis: Inner blade of mandible without teeth and denticles; apical end of inner blade with notched semicircular concavity (Fig. 1a). Eyes large (0.24-0.26 mm), projecting dorsally. In full face view, antennal scape extends beyond posterior margin of occipital lobe. Dorsal surface of head asetose. Pilosity and sculpture as in Figures 4a,b.

Queens alate: Very similar to worker and only slightly larger (Figs 4c,d). Queens of only one size. Ergatoid queens not recorded.

Males: Males light yellowish brown in color and with large projecting ocelli on vertex (Figs 4e,f). Males have been collected in Malaise traps in every month of the year and males have been noted to swarm and fly at dusk and early evening.

The species is most similar to A. grandidieri  HNS  but can be easily distinguished by its large eyes (0.24-0.26 mm), and scapes that surpass occipital lobes.

Distribution and biology. A. madagascarensis  HNS  is widespread throughout Madagascar in forest or shrubland habitats below 1100 m elevation and is also known from the Comoros. Forel's (1912:159) record of a male ' Anochetus sp.? africanus var. madagascariensis Forel  HNS  " from Seychelles, Mahe, has not been seen and confirmed. This record most likely refers to pattersoni  HNS  .In Madagascar, madagascarensis  HNS  is widespread and has been collected in gallery, dry, littoral, lowland, and montane forests, and in desert spiny bush thicket in the southwest of Madagascar. The longer scapes and larger eyes of A. madagascarensis  HNS  compared to A. grandidieri  HNS  , correlate with nesting and foraging above the soil layer. The species was most often recorded nesting in rotten logs (99 collection records) followed by sifted litter (41). In addition, it was collected from dead twigs above ground (1), rot pockets (2), ground foragers (20), ground nests (6), Malaise trap (14), on low vegetation (2), and pitfall traps (4).

CO1. Shallow iIntraspecific and deep interspecific divergences between A. madagascarensis  HNS  and the other species. Average within species sequence divergence of 1.67% (SE = 0.055) (Fig. 16).

Diagnostic barcoding loci. A. madagascarensis  HNS  : A-21, T-423 (shared with one A. goodmani  HNS  population), T-132 (shared with one A. grandidieri  HNS  population), T-83, A-84, T-93, T, 138, C-306, T-513, A-595

Specimens examined for Anochetus madagascarensis  HNS  :

Specimens from 326 separate collection events from the following 129 localities were examined.

COMORES: Mayotte Island: Majimbini GoogleMapsCASC  ; Coconi DAF campusGoogleMapsCASC  ; PoroaniGoogleMapsCASC  ; Riv. Kouale nr. CaserneGoogleMapsCASC  ; ConvalescenceGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Dziani Karihani;GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  TsingoniGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Mt. ChounguiGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Mt. CombaniGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Coconi, SDA (service du develppement agricole)GoogleMapsCASC  ; Mt. BenaraGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; SazileGoogleMapsCASCCASC1CASC2GB1GB2  ; MADA- GASCAR: Antsiranana: Nosy Be 5 km SE Marodokana ; ridge behind Sambava , Q-37GoogleMapsCASC  ;GoogleMaps  Antalaha 18 km NorthGoogleMaps  ; Nossi be ;;  68 km SW of Sambava GoogleMaps  ; Ambohitsara, 10 km SW Antalaha GoogleMaps  ; 2 km W Antalaha ;GoogleMaps  SoavinandrianaGoogleMaps  ; 2 km S Antalaha ;GoogleMaps  Orangea, 3 km E Ramena [near fort]GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Orangea, 3.6 km 128° SE Remena GoogleMapsCASC  ; Sakalava Beach  ; 1 km W Sakalava Beach   ; 3 km W Sakalava Beach ;  Montagne des Francais, 7.2 km 142° SE Antsiranana   ; Montaigne FrancaisGoogleMapsCASC  ; 7 km N Joffreville   ; Reserve Speciale d'Ambre, 3.5 km 235° SW Sakaramy GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre  ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre  ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre [Petit Lac road]GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Montagne d'Ambre, 3.6 km 235° SW Joffreville GoogleMapsCASC  ; Res. Analamerana, 16.7 km 123° Anivorano-Nord GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 13.6 km 192° SSW Anivorano Nord GoogleMapsCASC  ; AnkaranaGoogleMaps  ; Res. AnkaranaGoogleMaps  ; Reserve Speciale de l'Ankarana, 22.9 km 224° SW Anivorano Nord GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Ampondrabe, 26.3 km 10° NNE Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Analabe, 30.0 km 72° ENE Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d' Andavakoera, 21.4 km 75° ENE Ambilobe ; 4.6 km 356° N Betsiaka GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Bekaraoka, 6.8 km 60° ENE Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d' Antsahabe, 11.4 km 275° W Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Binara, 7.5 km 230° SW Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret de Binara, 9.1 km 233° SW Daraina GoogleMapsCASC  ; Nosy Be, Airport GoogleMaps  ; Nosy Be, 5 km Marodokana GoogleMaps  ; Nosy be, Ambatoloaka GoogleMaps  ; Nosy Be, Lokobe Forest;GoogleMaps  Nosy Be, 4 km ESE Andoany (= Hellville )GoogleMaps  ; Nosy Be, Reserve Naturelle Integrale de Lokobe , 6.3 km 112° ESE Hellville ;GoogleMapsCASC  Foret Ambato, 26.6 km 33° Ambanja GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ambondrobe, 41.1 km 175° Vohemar GoogleMapsCASC  ; Ampasindava, Foret d'Ambilanivy, 3.9 km 181° S Ambaliha GoogleMapsCASC  ; R.S. Manongarivo, 10.8 km 229° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps  ; R.S. Manongarivo, 12.8 km 228° SW Antanambao GoogleMaps  ; Foret d'Anabohazo, 21.6 km 247° WSW Maromandia GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Foret Ambohibato, 27.2 km 349° Antalaha GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret Ambanitaza, 26.1 km 347° Antalaha GoogleMapsCASC  ; 18 km N Antalaha , Ampahana ; 5 km S+5km W Antalaha GoogleMaps  ;GoogleMaps  Antalaha , 12 km SGoogleMaps  ; MarofinaritraGoogleMaps  ; 14 km W Cap Est, Ambato GoogleMaps  ; Mahajanga: Foret Ambohimanga , 26.1 km 314° Mampikony GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Parc National d'Ankarafantsika, Foret de Tsimaloto , 18.3 km 46° NE de Tsaramandroso GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Ampijoroa National Park, 160 km N Maevatanana , Mahajanga Prov ., deciduous forestGoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Namoroka, 16.9 km 317° NW Vilanandro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National de Namoroka, 9.8 km 300° WNW Vilanandro GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Speciale de Bemarivo, 23.8 km 223° SW Besalampy GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 2.5 km 62° ENE Bekopaka , Ankidrodroa River GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parc National Tsingy de Bemaraha, 3.4 km 93° E Bekopaka , Tombeau Vazimba GoogleMapsCASC  ; Toamasina: Ivondro p. Tamatave   ; Ilat Prune bei Tamatave  ; Tamatave  ; Res. Betampona, Ambodiriana 45 km NW Toamasina GoogleMaps  ; Res. Ambodiriana, 4.8 km 306° Manompana , along Manompana river GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Parcell K9 Tampolo  ; S.F. Tampolo, 10 km NNE Fenoarivo Atn .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Parcelle E3 TampoloGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Mahavelona ( Foulpointe )GoogleMapsCASC  ; Analalava, 7.0 km 255° Mahavelona GoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Manakambahiny AtsinananaGoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret Ambatovy, 14.3 km 57° Moramanga   ; Torotorofotsy  ; Andasibe National Park, botanic garden near eIntrance, West of ANGAP office  ; 7 km SE Andasibe National Park HeadquartersGoogleMapsCASC  ; Fianarantsoa  : Riv: Morongolo Aff de Rongaronga;  Local: Antanandava PK 285 RN2  ; Nat. Pk. Ranomafana, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps  ; Ranomafana Nat. ParkGoogleMaps  ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Vohiparara , Hotel; 8 km NE Kianjavato , Vatovavy forest GoogleMaps  ;GoogleMaps  Nat. Pk.Ranomafana, Miaranony Forest GoogleMaps  ; Ranomafana Nat. Park, Tsarahomanana GoogleMaps  ; 7 km W Ranomafana GoogleMaps  ; 8 km E Kianjavato , Vatovavy Forest ; 7.6 km 122° Kianjavato ,  GoogleMaps  Foret Classee Vatovavy   ; ManakaraGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; Parc National d'Isalo, Sahanafa River , 29.2 km 351° N Ranohira GoogleMapsCASC  ; Foret d'Analalava, 29.6 km 280° W Ranohira GoogleMapsCASC  ; FarafanganaGoogleMapsCASCCASC1GB1  ; 29.5 km WNW Tolanaro , Vasiha Mt .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Toliara: Andohahela , Parcel #1 versante E.; 29 km NNW Ranohira , Isalo N.P .;GoogleMaps  GoogleMaps  Vohibasia Forest, 59 km NE Sakaraha GoogleMaps  ; near road, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .; near ANGAP office, Zombitse National Park, Tulear Prov .;GoogleMapsCASC  GoogleMapsCASC  Mikea Forest, deciduous dry forest, Tulear ProvinceGoogleMapsCASC  ; Mikea Forest, spiny forest, Tulear ProvinceGoogleMapsCASC  ; RanobeGoogleMapsCASC  ; FiherenanaGoogleMapsCASC  ; Beza-Mahafaly, 27 km E Betioky GoogleMaps  ; Beza-Mahafaly, Parcel 1GoogleMaps  ; 70.7 km NNE Tolanaro , Mahermano Mt .GoogleMapsCASC  ; Res. Andohahela, 6 km SSW Eminiminy GoogleMaps  ; 2.7 km WNW 302° Ste. Luce GoogleMapsCASC  ; AndohahelaGoogleMaps  ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret d'Anjapolo, 21.4 km 325° NW Amboasary GoogleMapsCASC  ; Tsimelahy - Parcel II, Andohahela National Park , transition forest, Tulear ProvinceGoogleMapsCASC  ; Mandena, 8.4 km NNE 30° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps  ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Bealoka , Mandrare River , 14.6 km 329° NNW Amboasary GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve Prive Berenty, Foret de Malaza , Mandrare River , 8.6 km 314° NW Amboasary GoogleMapsCASC  ; Reserve BerentyGoogleMaps  ; Res. Berenty GoogleMaps  ; Foret de Petriky , 12.5 km W 272° Tolagnaro GoogleMaps  .

MHNG

Switzerland, Geneva, Museum d'Histoire Naturelle

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Anochetus

Loc

Anochetus madagascarensis Forel

Fisher, B. L. & Smith, M. A. 2008
2008
Loc

Anochetus africanus friederichsi

Forel A 1918: 155
1918
Loc

Anochetus africanus madagascarensis

Forel A 1887: 382
1887