Paridris mnestros Talamas & Masner
Talamas, Elijah J., Masner, Lubomir & Johnson, Norman F., 2013, Systematics of Trichoteleia Kieffer and Paridris Kieffer (Hymenoptera, Platygastroidea, Platygastridae), Journal of Hymenoptera Research 34, pp. 1-79: 1
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|Paridris mnestros Talamas & Masner|
Paridris mnestros Talamas & Masner sp. n. Figures 5, 22, 62-65; Morphbank 30
Female body length: 2.53-2.78 mm (n=6). Male body length: 2.34-2.46 mm (n=3).
Number of basiconic sensilla on A8: one. Shape of male flagellomeres: between 2 and 3 times as long as wide.
Color of head: reddish brown; orange. Distal margin of clypeus: serrate. Shape of distal margin of clypeus in anterior view: convex. Width of clypeus: equal to or less than width across toruli. Lateral corner of clypeus: projecting into acute angle. Length of mediofacial striae: continuous with sculpture of dorsal frons. Anterodorsal node on interantennal process: present. Central keel: absent. Length of OOL: less than 2 ocellar diameters. Macrosculpture of frons between median ocellus and inner orbit of eye: dorsoventrally strigose. Patch of microsculpture posterior to lateral ocellus in male: absent. Patch of microsculpture posterior to lateral ocellus in female: absent. Patch of microsculpture between median and lateral ocelli: absent. Microsculpture on dorsal head: absent. Microsculpture of posterior gena: absent. Shape of gena: weakly to moderately receding posterior to eye. Macrosculpture of posterior vertex: irregularly rugulose. Patch of microsculpture on temples: absent. Occipital carina above occipital foramen: simple. Anterior margin of occipital carina above occipital foramen: comprised of cells. Ventral extent of occipital carina: extending to base of mandible. Setation of postgena: sparse.
Color of mesosoma: reddish brown; orange.
Shape of pronotal shoulder in dorsal view: narrow and striplike. Transverse pronotal carina: absent; present in posterodorsal corner of pronotum. Dorsal half of pronotal cervical sulcus: present as smooth furrow. Ventral half of pronotal cervical sulcus: present as smooth furrow. Sculpture of pronotal setal patch: punctate.
Anterior notaulus: absent; reaching mesoscutal suprahumeral sulcus as row of punctures. Orientation of notauli: parallel. Shape of posterior notaulus: ovoid. Microsculpture on anterior half of medial mesoscutum: pustulate. Macrosculpture of anterior medial mesoscutum: absent. Pattern of punctation density on medial mesoscutum: uniform throughout. Scutoscutellar sulcus: comprised of short parallel striae. Median carina on posterior mesoscutellum: present. Posterior scutellar sulcus: comprised of deep cells.
Punctures on dorsal part of posterior mesepimeral area: present. Size of punctures on dorsal part of posterior mesepimeral area: large. Mesopleural carina: present. Postacetabular sulcus: crenulate. Striae ventrad of mesopleural carina: present.
Setae on metascutellum: absent. Posterior margin of metascutellum: emarginate.
Setation of metapleural triangle: moderately dense. Paracoxal and metapleural sulci: fused. Sculpture of posterodorsal part of ventral metapleural area: smooth. Dorsal metapleural area: smooth defined area. Posterior margin of metapleuron below propodeal spiracle: with triangular point above metapleural sulcus.
Anterior projection of the propodeum: absent. Setation of metasomal depression: absent. Posterior projection of the propodeum: present as a point formed by plical and lateral propodeal carinae. Plical carina: present. Lateral propodeal area: raised above propodeal surface and indicated by lesser setation. Shape of lateral propodeal area: continuous with prespiracular propodeal area. Sculpture of lateral propodeal area: punctate rugulose.
Length of postmarginal vein: shorter than stigmal vein by less than one half length of stigmal vein; equal to stigmalis. Rs in fore wing: nebulous. Cu vein in fore wing: nebulous. M vein in forewing: nebulous. Color of costal cell in female: hyaline along stigmal vein, infuscate distally. Color of sub-radial area in female: infuscate. Color of costal cell in male: infuscate distally, hyaline along stigmal vein. Color of cubito-medial area in female: infuscate. Color of anal margin in female: infuscate. Color of cubito-medial area in male: infuscate. Color of anal margin in male: infuscate. RS+M in forewing: nebulous. Color of sub-stigmal area in male: hyaline. Basal vein in hind wing: nebulous. Setation of hind wing: reduced anad of submarginal vein.
Color of metasoma: posterolateral T2-T3 and T5-T6 dark brown, otherwise yellow to dark orange. Longitudinal median carina on horn of T1: present; absent. Armature on posterior surface of T1 horn: present. Form of armature on posterior surface of T1 horn: posteriorly projecting spine. Interstitial sculpture of T1: finely rugulose. Patch of dense fine setae on anterolateral T1: absent. Form of T2 sulcus: transverse furrow. Posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2: straight. Carina along posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2 in female: absent. Sublateral tergal carina on T2: absent. Microsculpture on T2: absent. Macrosculpture of T2 in female: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of T2 in male: longitudinally striate throughout. Carina along posterior margin of transverse sulcus on T2 in male: present. Microsculpture on T3: absent. Macrosculpture of medial T3 in female: weakly longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of lateral T3 in female: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of medial T3 in male: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of lateral T3 in male: longitudinally striate. Macrosculpture of T4 in male: weakly crenulate laterally. Macrosculpture of female T5: absent. Microscupture on female T6: present throughout. Constriction of apical T6 in female: present. Macrosculpture of S1: rugose. Setation of S1: absent. Distribution of longitudinal striae on S2: present throughout. Macrosculpture of S2: longitudinally striate. Form of S2 felt field: anterior excavation of coarse rugae. Marginal depression on S3: present. Marginal depressions on S4: present. Marginal depression on S5: present.
Paridris mnestros uniquely has the felt field of S2 as an anteriorly located pit of coarse rugae. The constriction of the apex of T6 into a rather sharp point is also not found in any other species of Paridris . Lastly, this is the only species outside of the Paridris nephta species group to exhibit bright coloration of the body and a banded metasoma.
The Greek word for marriage “mnestros” is given to this species to commemorate the wedding of Ryan St. Clair to Grace Wong, and because this species combines morphological structures commonly found in Paridris (i.e. apical constriction of T6, posteriorly directed spine on horn of T1) with the coloration, mesoscutal surface sculpture, and very long setation found in the Paridris nephta species group.
Link to distribution map.
Holotype, female: MALAYSIA: Sarawak St., Borneo Isl., Headhunters Trail, camp 5, ROM_OSU 308035, Gunung Mulu National Park, 04°08.552'N, 114°53.510'E, 140m, 10. XI– 4.XII.2009, malaise trap, B. Hubley & D. C. Darling, OSUC 381335 (deposited in OSUC). Paratypes: (5 females, 3 males) INDONESIA: 2 females, OSUC 181286, 265166 (CNCI). MALAYSIA: 3 females, 4 males, OSUC 181069-181070, 265157 (CNCI); OSUC 334155-334156, 334177 (MZLU); OSUC 404105 (OSUC).
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