Oxyphyllum pennatum Hancock, 1909

Skejo, Josip, Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Chandra, Kailash, Panhwar, Waheed Ali & Franjević, Damjan, 2019, Oriental macropterous leaf-mimic pygmy grasshoppers-genera Oxyphyllum and Paraphyllum (Orthoptera: Tetrigidae) and their taxonomic assignment, Zootaxa 4590 (5), pp. 546-560 : 551-553

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Oxyphyllum pennatum Hancock, 1909


Species Oxyphyllum pennatum Hancock, 1909

( Figs. 1J View FIGURE 1 , 2 View FIGURE 2 , 3 View FIGURE 3 )

http:// orthoptera .speciesfile.org/Common/basic/Taxa.aspx?TaxonNameID=1100591

Oxyphyllum pennatum Hancock, 1909: 393 (original description of female holotype from India),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Hancock 1915:61 (listed in catalogue of Indian Tetrigidae ),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Fletcher 1921: 2 (listed in catalogue of Indian fauna),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Günther 1938: 322 (included in the key, not reviewed),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Steinmann 1970:85 (listed in catalogue of Oriental Tetrigidae ),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Blackith 1992: 130 (listed in catalogue of SE Asian Tetrigidae , with literature overview),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Shishodia 1993: 182 (cited for West Bengal in catalogue),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Yin et al. 1996: 892 (listed in catalogue),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Otte 1997: 25 (listed in catalogue),

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Mahmood et al. 2004: 31 (new record, two females reported from Azad Jammu and Kashmir), Oxyphyllum pennatum: Shishodia et al. 2010: 142 (listed in checklist of Indian Orthoptera ).

Material examined. 1♀ holotype INDIA: West Bengal: Darjeeling [approximately 27.026N, 88.256E] Leg. Janson (? or Samson?) 1864. wrongly labelled as ³ by collector, det. J.L. Hancock ( UMO, published in Hancock 1909, Fig. 2B, E View FIGURE 2 ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂ INDIA: Chhattisgarh: Korba District: Kudmura range near Dewan stream (22.324806N, 83.000444E), 400 m a.s.l., 2.VI.2012. Leg. S. Kumar Gupta, Inventory Number: Reg.No. 13293/H5 ( Figs. 1J View FIGURE 1 , 2A, D View FIGURE 2 , G-I, 3) ( ZSI) GoogleMaps ; 1♀ PAKISTAN: Azad Jammu and Kashmir [approximately 33.996N, 73.774E] about 1050 m a.s.l., 10.X.2001. Leg. A. Maqsood ( KMC, published in Mahmood et al., 2004, other female destroyed as well, Fig. 2C View FIGURE 2 ) GoogleMaps ; 1♂ PAKISTAN: Azad Jammu and Kashmir [approximately 34.353N, 73.468E] 700-800 m a.s.l. 18.VI.1953. Det. J. Tumbrinck ( NMW) GoogleMaps [link to record http:// orthoptera .speciesfile.org/Common/specimen/ ShowSpecimen.aspx?SpecimenID=145024].

Addenda to Hancock's description. Hancock's original description is accurate. Our measurements of the holotype are in accordance with Hancock's. Since description of O. pennatum is publicly available online (digitalized), we do not present full re-description of the species. Important is however to add certain characters to the description on which Hancock (1909) and other scholars did not pay attention at that time. Frontal costa short. Bifurcation of the frontal costa close to the fastigium, for about one diameter of lateral ocellus. Lateral ocelli between the eyes in the middle, below bifurcation of the frontal costa. Antennae 12-segmented. Antennae 1.8 times longer than fore femur, inserted between the lower margin of the compound eyes, mid segments ~2.5 times as long as wide. Facial carinae straight or slightly undulated, scutellum between them much wider than scapus. Dorsal margins of the antennal grooves between the lower fifth of the compound eyes width. Alae surpassing pronotal apex. Pulvilli of the hind tarsi with apical teeth. Ventral margin of hind tibiae with 8 outer and 6 inner spines.

Colouration. Body yellowish brown; tip of antennae dark brown to black; upper margin of pronotum (= median carina in lateral view) with 23 black dots; above the tegmina discus has five black spots in two rows, upper with two spots and lower with three spots; fore and mid tibiae with two pale brown rings, junction between tibiae and tarsi, as well as the apex of tarsi with dark bands; genicular teeth of hind femora dark brown; second segment of the hind tarsi and apex of third segments with black bands; claws of all legs dark brown; alae pale green with black tinge.

Measurement in mm (HT— holotype from Darjeeling, NT—non type from Chhattisgarh). Body length (without pronotum) HT 9.51/ NT 7.3, pronotum length HT 14.98/ NT 11.22, frontal costa length HT 0.09/ NT 0.14, eye width HT 0.45/ NT 0.46, vertex width HT 0.79/ NT 0.69, scutellum width HT 0.3/ NT 0.35, scapus width HT 0.14/ NT 0.15, pronotum height HT 6.17/ NT 4.74, pronotum width (maximal, between shoulders) HT 2.76/ NT

1.89, tegmina length HT 2.16/ NT 1.61, ala length HT 12.76/ NT 9.67, alae surpassing pronotum HT 1.63/ NT 1.11, fore femur length HT 1.95/ NT 1.34, fore femur width HT 0.54/ NT 0.56, mid femur length HT 2.01/ NT 1.49, mid femur width HT 0.96/ NT 0.51, hind femur length HT 5.58/ NT 4.42, hind femur width HT 1.99/ NT 1.45, hind proximal tarsal segment HT 0.79/ NT 0.71, hind distal tarsal segment HT 0.53/ NT 0.62, pulvillus I HT 0.12/ NT 0.15, pulvillus II HT 0.17/ NT 0.19, pulvillus III HT 0.32/ NT 0.27.


University of Maine


Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien














Oxyphyllum pennatum Hancock, 1909

Skejo, Josip, Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Chandra, Kailash, Panhwar, Waheed Ali & Franjević, Damjan 2019

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Shishodia, M. S. & Chandra, K. & Gupta, S. K. 2010: 142
Mahmood, K. & Maqsood, A. & Anwar, S. 2004: 31

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Otte, D. 1997: 25

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Yin, X. - C. & Yin, Z. & Shi, J. - P. 1996: 892

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Shishodia, M. S. 1993: 182

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Blackith, R. E. 1992: 130

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Steinmann, H. 1970: 85

Oxyphyllum pennatum: Günther 1938 : 322

Gunther, K. 1938: 322

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Fletcher, T. B. 1921: 2

Oxyphyllum pennatum:

Hancock, J. L. 1915: 61

Oxyphyllum pennatum

Hancock, J. L. 1909: 393