Eusimulium, Roubaud,

Adler, Peter H. & Crosskey, Roger W., 2015, Cytotaxonomy of the Simuliidae (Diptera): a systematic and bibliographic conspectus, Zootaxa 3975 (1), pp. 1-139: 49-53

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3975.1.1

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:711879C2-8A69-4F47-B637-2FA1852C23B8

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/363187A3-FFD2-6F1A-A1FB-A41C4B53B481

treatment provided by

Plazi

scientific name

Eusimulium
status

 

Subgenus EUSIMULIUM Roubaud 

Simulium angustipes Edwards 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1959, characterization, cytodendrogram, idiogram, inversions mapped, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘E’): Russia

Chubareva & Shcherbakov (1963 a, notes on general polytene features; as E. securiforme  ): [ Russia]

Chubareva & Shcherbakov (1963 b, notes on general polytene features, photos of metaphase and lowmagnification polytene complements and ectopic pairing; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘E’): [ Russia]

Shcherbakov (1965 a, photos of metaphase complement; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Dunbar (1966 b, chromosomal key; as E. aureum  group [in part]): Britain

Simonenko (1966, description; inversions mapped; photos of polytene complement [low magnification], ectopic pairing of chromosome ends, and selected polymorphisms; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Shcherbakov (1969 a, photos of metaphase and interphase chromosomes; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Chubareva (1979 a, notes on general polytene features; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (1979, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths; as E. securiforme  ): Armenia

Chubareva (1980 a, description, idiogram, partial comparison with S. reginae  ; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Chubareva (1984, photos of metaphase and polytene complements; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photos of all arms, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘E’): Britain ( England, Wales), Italy, Norway, Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (2003, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements, polytene chromosome lengths; as E. securiforme  ): Russia

Day, Mustapha & Post (2010, diagnostic inversions mapped, low-magnification photos of chromosomes I and II): Britain ( England)

Simulium aureum Fries 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1959, characterization, cytodendrogram, idiogram, inversions mapped, photos of IS and IL, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘F’): Britain ( England, Scotland), Russia

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘F’): [Europe, Russia]

Dunbar (1966 b, chromosomal key; as E. aureum  group [in part]): Britain

Leonhardt (1985, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘F’): Britain ( England, Scotland, Wales), Iceland, Norway, Russia

Leonhardt (1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘F’): Britain ( England, Scotland, Wales), Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Russia

Leonhardt & Feraday (1989, idiogram, male chiasmate meiosis, sex chromosomes; as E. aureum  ‘F’): Britain ( England, Scotland, Wales), Denmark, Iceland, Ireland, Norway, Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (2000 b, note on general polytene features): Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (2004, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths): Russia

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, polytene chromosome lengths): Russia

Simulium azorense (Carlsson) 

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘J’ [in part]): Azores

Leonhardt in Crosskey (1986, inversions mapped, photo of polytene complement): Azores

Simulium brachyantherum Rubtsov 

Chubareva (1977 c, idiogram, notes on general polytene features and evolution of dichromosomic [n = 2] condition): [ Uzbekistan]

Chubareva (1979 a, notes on general polytene features; as E. brachianterum  [sic]): Uzbekistan

Chubareva & Petrova (1979, notes on general polytene features; as E. brachyanterum  [sic]): Armenia

Chubareva (1980 a, description, partial comparison with S. reginae  , photos of metaphase and polytene complements): Uzbekistan

Chubareva & Petrova (2003, notes on general polytene features): Uzbekistan

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements): Uzbekistan

Simulium bracteatum Coquillett 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1958 b, characterization; chosen as standard banding sequence for S. aureum  group; idiogram; inversions mapped; origin of dichromosomic [n = 2] condition; photos of metaphase complement, all arms, and selected polymorphisms; resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘sibling A’): Canada

Dunbar (1959, characterization, cytodendrogram, idiogram, inversions mapped, photos of partial IIS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘A’): Canada

Dunbar (1962, chromosomal key, description, idiogram, photo of polytene complement; as E. aureum  ‘A’): Canada

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘A’): [ Canada]

Rothfels & Mason (1975, male achiasmate meiosis; as E. aureum  ‘A’): Canada

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male achiasmate meioisis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘A’): Canada, USA

Adler & Kim (1986, chromosomal characters in larval key; as S. aureum  ‘A’): USA

Leonhardt & Feraday (1989, notes on male achiasmate meiosis and sex chromosomes; as E. aureum  ‘A’): Canada, USA

Adler, Currie & Wood (2004, chromosomal characters in larval key): North America

Simulium donovani Vargas  Dunbar (1958 a, 1959, characterization; cytodendrogram; idiogram; inversions mapped; photos of CI, IS, and IL with polymorphisms; resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘G’): USA

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘G’): [ USA]

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, drawing of sex chromosomes, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photos of partial IS and sex chromosomes, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘G’): Guatemala, USA

Leonhardt & Feraday (1989, idiogram, male chiasmate meiosis, sex chromosomes; as E. aureum  ‘G’): Guatemala, USA

Adler, Currie & Wood (2004, chromosomal characters in larval key): North America

Simulium exulatum Adler, Currie & Wood 2004 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1959, characterization; cytodendrogram; idiogram; inversions mapped; photos of CI, IS, IL, and secondary nucleolus; resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘C’): Canada

Dunbar (1962, chromosomal key, description, idiogram, photo of polytene complement, as E. aureum  ‘C’): Canada, USA

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘C’): [ Canada]

Rothfels & Mason (1975, centromere shift; drawing of centromere shift; idiogram; linked inversions; male achiasmate meiosis; photos of IL end, IIS arm and centromere region, and selected polymorphisms; as E. aureum  ‘C’): Canada

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘C’): Canada, USA

Adler, Currie & Wood (2004, chromosomal characters in larval key): North America

Simulium guimari Becker 

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘M’): Canary Islands Adler in Crosskey & Báez (2004, diagnostic inversions mapped, photo of polytene complement): Canary Islands

Simulium kazahstanicum (Rubtsov) 

Ismagulov (1993, notes on general polytene features [only abstract seen]): Kazakhstan Chubareva & Petrova (2003, notes on general polytene features): Kazakhstan Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements): Kazakhstan Chubareva & Petrova (2009 b, description, low-magnification photos of mitotic and polytene complements): Kazakhstan

Simulium krymense (Rubtsov) 

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements): Ukraine (Crimea)

Simulium mellah Giudicelli & Bouzidi 

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, photo of partial IS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Algeria, Morocco

Simulium paucicuspis Rubtsov 

Chubareva & Petrova (1979, 2003, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths): Tajikistan

Kachvoryan, Petrova & Chubareva (2003, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths): Tajikistan

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements, polytene chromosome lengths): Tajikistan

Simulium  petricolum (Rivosecchi)

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘J’): (country unspecified)

Leonhardt (1985, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photo of partial IS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘J’ [in part]): Greece, Italy, Madeira, Russia, Spain

Leonhardt (1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photo of IS partial, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘J’ [in part]): Greece, Ireland, Italy, Madeira, Russia, Spain

Rothfels (1988, notes on mimic inversions, photo of partial IS): (country unspecified) Day, Mustapha & Post (2010, low-magnification photo of polytene complement): Britain ( England) Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Morocco

Simulium pilosum Knowlton & Rowe 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1958 b, characterization, idiogram, inversions mapped, origin of dichromosomic [n = 2] condition, photos of metaphase and polytene complements and all arms, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘sibling B’): Canada

Dunbar (1959, characterization; cytodendrogram; idiogram; inversions mapped; photos of CI, partial IIS, and ectopic pairing of centromeres; resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘B’): Canada Dunbar (1962, chromosomal key, description, idiogram, photo of polytene complement; as E. aureum  ‘B’): Canada, USA

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘B’): [ Canada]

Rothfels & Mason (1975, male achiasmate meiosis; as E. aureum  ‘B’): Canada Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male achiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘B’): Canada, USA Leonhardt & Feraday (1989, notes on male achiasmate meiosis and sex chromosomes): Canada Adler & Kim (1986, chromosomal characters in larval key; as S. aureum  ‘B’): USA

Currie & Adler (1986, notes on sex chromosomes; as S. aureum  ‘cytospecies B’): Canada

Adler, Currie & Wood (2004, chromosomal characters in larval key, notes on geographic variation, photo of polytene complement): Canada

Simulium reginae Terteryan 

Chubareva (1979 a, notes on general polytene features): Georgia

Chubareva & Petrova (1979, 2003, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths): Georgia

Chubareva (1980 a, description, partial comparison with S. angustipes  [as E. securiforme  ] and S. brachyantherum  , photos of metaphase and polytene complements): Georgia

Kachvoryan, Petrova & Chubareva (2003, notes on general polytene features, polytene chromosome lengths): Armenia, Georgia

Chubareva & Petrova (2008 a, description, photos of metaphase and polytene complements, polytene chromosome lengths): Armenia, Georgia

Simulium rubzovianum (Sherban) 

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘I’): (country unspecified)

Leonhardt (1985, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photo of partial IS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘I’): Britain ( England, Scotland, Wales)

Leonhardt (1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, photo of partial IS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘I’): Britain ( England, Scotland, Wales), Germany

Dunbar in Rothfels (1989, notes on chromosomal distinction from S. aureum  ‘K’; as S. aureum  ‘sibling I’]: Gibraltar

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, photos of IS [partial] and sex chromosomes, recognition of ‘Cytoform 4 ’ as probable species, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. velutinum ‘Cytospecies  1 ’ and S. velutinum ‘Cytoform  4 ’): Algeria, Finland, Iran, Italy, Morocco, Sweden, Turkey

Simulium velutinum (Santos Abreu) 

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘L’): Canary Islands

Adler in Crosskey & Báez (2004, diagnostic inversion mapped, photo of polytene complement, possible conspecificity with S. rubzovianum  [as S. velutinum  ]; as S. tenerificum  ): Canary Islands

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization; chromosomal phylogeny; inversions mapped; photos of IL [partial], IIL, and sex chromosomes; resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; tenerificum  established as synonym of velutinum  ; as S. velutinum ‘Cytospecies  2 ’): Algeria, Canary Islands, Morocco

Simulium violator Adler, Currie & Wood 

Dunbar (1958 a, 1959, characterization, cytodendrogram, idiogram, inversions mapped, photos of IL and selected polymorphisms, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as S. aureum  ‘D’): Canada

Dunbar (1962, chromosomal key, description, idiogram; as E. aureum  ‘D’): Canada

Dunbar (1965, cytodendrogram; as E. aureum  ‘D’): [ Canada]

Rothfels & Mason (1975, male achiasmate meiosis; as E. aureum  ‘D’): Canada

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male achiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard; as E. aureum  ‘D’): Canada

Adler & McCreadie (1997, low-magnification photo of polytene complement): Canada

Adler, Currie & Wood (2004, chromosomal characters in larval key): North America

Simulium  aureum  ‘sibling K’ Leonhardt

Leonhardt (1985, 1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Gibraltar

Dunbar in Rothfels (1989, notes on chromosomal distinction from S. rubzovianum  [as S. aureum  ‘sibling I’]): Gibraltar

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Spain

Simulium  aureum  ‘sibling N’ Leonhardt

Leonhardt (1987, characterization, cytodendrogram, inversions mapped, male chiasmate meiosis, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Italy

Simulium  velutinum  ‘Cytospecies 3 ’ Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, photos of IS and IIS with sex chromosomes, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Algeria

Simulium  velutinum  ‘Cytospecies 5 ’ Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat

Adler, Cherairia, Arigue, Samraoui & Belqat (2015, characterization, chromosomal phylogeny, inversions mapped, photos of IL [partial] and IIS, resolution relative to S. aureum  group standard): Morocco